Self-Efficacy And Suicide

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In this study, thetotal research samples include 18% of single individuals and 82% married. Also,74% of them were freelancers,21% unemployed and 5% pensioners.In addition,in an Iranian research, 12% of the addicts were unemployed (11). With regard to their father’s education,67% of them were either illiterate or in primary school level and also 66% of the mothers were either illiterate orin primary school level. The first used drugwasopium for 54% of men, marijuana 3%,alcohol 5% and79% cigarette-smoking.Opium was the most common used drug in Ahari et al.’s study (12). Table1 shows that the cause of relapse after quitting the use of drug was temptation for 32% of thetotal samples, 10% friends' influenceand 17% emotional and domesticproblems.In…show more content…
Both self-efficacy and self-steem in one study were connected with delaying, both in the normal course and the normal degree. Self-efficacy showed the strongest relationship, with meta-analytic review giving its average correlation with procrastination (21). In our study, behavioral procrastination in60.5%of them and decisional procrastination in62% of them is low and in average range. In another study,the students who recorded high levels of self-efficacy assessed their goal achievement as being high. As a consequence of high goal achievement, self-efficacy increased. Self-efficacy mediated the effect of perceived goal achievement on procrastination. Thus, the students with low perceived self-efficacy are vulnerable for finding themselves in a vicious circle of procrastination (23). One study showed that in line with the definition of procrastination as a combination of delaying work on a task and discomfort with the delay, affective well-being was better predicted by self-report than by behavioral procrastination. This study suggests that self-reported procrastination better reflect the construct than a purely behavioral measure of procrastination (24)also, in our study,the relationship between behavioral procrastination…show more content…
In some cases, self-efficacy has been found to predict the quantity of alcohol or drugs consumed.In other studies, self-efficacy significantly predict alcohol consumption for a period of up to twelve months (26,27). However, another study showed that higher self-efficacy predicted less drug use only after 3 months but not after 6 months (28). With regard to the relationship between procrastination and self-efficacy in this study, it means that serious efforts should be done to restructure weak self-efficacy and procrastination to help enable the drug addicts to be stronger when faced with life challenges after their release. Although the findings of this study are important for the authorities in public health, it is also essential to conduct future studies with larger sample sizes.This study found that there was a significant difference between procrastination and self-efficacy as well as the other related factors. Given the low level of self-efficacy in this study and its relationship with procrastination, specifies the need for interventions to increase these variables in
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