My helping theory is one that takes in both a holistic approach as well as the person centered approach to helping others. When I help others I take each situation on its own merits. I do not try to compare situations because each person’s situation is very different. You can have two people facing the same situation but because of human nature they will react to that situation in two very different ways. I like in employ the helping theories of Alfred Adler who takes the holistic or individual psychology approach to helping.
The usage in the counselling and therapy of interpretation of the transference relation. Psychodynamic approaches of counselling can happen in many different ways. Following are the some principles that are used or have to be kept in the mind while using the psychodynamic way of counselling :- A sound counsellor should not try to overbear the resistance by pressurising the client to reveal their feelings and thoughts. A good counsellor should start know their client’s and should also strive to organise them in an integrated approach of common therapeutic targets. Good counsellors pictures themselves as a vessel getting all the convexities form the client’s side.
This is when the relationship between the client and therapist becomes therapeutic. References to Rogers (1959) mention that the well-known therapeutic conditions of empathy, unconditional positive regard and congruence must be focused on as it contributes to the importance of the therapeutic relationship. According to Rogers, “therapy is not a matter of doing something to the individual, or of inducing him to do something about himself. It is instead a matter of freeing him for normal growth and development...” (Rogers, 1942, p. 29). The therapeutic alliance between the therapist, the one who volunteers to be the change agent and the client, the one who seeks change is one of the keys if not the key to the change process (Bordin,
More focus and attention is required where group therapy is concerned because different member may have different opinion or may behave differently. Sometime complex situations or contradictory attitudes may arise in case of group therapy. Also there are unique ethical issues in group therapy. The therapist has to conduct the sessions in groups and also maintain the safety of all the members of the group. AMA had developed certain guidelines for counselling therapies and they promote quality training in group so as to enhance the awareness on ethical issues which hinder group counselling.
Psychologists have to adhere to specific rules in the scope of their job to enhance professionalism, offer quality services and ensure the health of their clients improves. However, a number of factors may impact the process and this includes multiple relationships. In this regard, the therapist may be involved in more than one role with the client, and this may have implication on the treatment. For instance, when a therapist is a close relative of the patient such as mother or sibling may influence the outcome of the process. Innately, therapists are instructed to have a strict professional association with the client but they may at times be involved in violations where they deviate from the traditional approach.
It should not come as any surprise that for at least some subset of therapy interactions, there will be some feelings on either the part of the client toward the therapist (transference) or the therapist toward the client (counter-transference). Sripom further argues that “Dual Relationships" is an ethical dilemma many counselors are confronted
According to Cognitive therapy I will follow two fundamental strategies: collaborative empiricism and Socratic dialogue. Firstly, the collaboration between the therapist and the client help to discover dysfunctional interpretations and try to change them. This is the therapeutic relationship, where therapist and client work together with a high level of collaboration. Collaboration refers to both therapist and client. The therapist brings his appropriate knowledge and skills of the theory and the client from her behalf brings her knowledge of the presenting problems and the related background.
Psychological associations around the world have come up with sets of guidelines that psychologists must use in carrying out psychological research. Informed consent – Participants must be informed about the nature of the study and agree to participate. Deception- Sometimes the researcher does not want the participants to know the exact aim of a study because it could affect the results. Deception should generally not be used however; slight deception - which does not cause any stress to the participant - may be used in some cases. At the end of the study, any deception must be explained to the participants.
Assessments enable counsellor to assess. <elaborate> Ethical responsibility, cultural sensitivity, counsellor take responsibility to recognise that culture affects the manner in which clients' problems are defined and experienced. clients' socioeconomic and cultural experiences are considered when diagnosing mental disorders. (ACA Code, 2014) <elaborate> Refraining from diagnosis, counsellor may refrain from making and /or reporting a diagnosis if they believe that it would cause harm to the client or others. Counsellors carefully consider both the positive and negative implications of a diagnosis.