In fact, Song Dynasty is seen as a high point for women property point in China, further challenging Confucian traditional patrilinality. In a first place, it is important to understand the importance of property in that period to maintain elite status: the dowries of young brides often determined whether a woman entered her marriage as a principal wife or as a simple concubine. The new law protected the inheritance rights to daughters under various conditions, they also protect wife’s properties during marriage and after widowhood. Another important factor is the spread of literacy and printing of law books which allied people to got to courts more easily. Some records shows that female of all ages and social classes initiating lawsuits related to property rights during the Song
Aesthetics has always been an integral part of the Chinese culture. The topic of beauty made its frequent appearances in many of the infamous artworks, sculptures, architectures, and poems. It undoubtedly guided and shaped beauty perceptions of Chinese women throughout history. For example, the bounded feet culture started in the Song Dynasty was based on the belief that small feet represented beauty. Although beauty standards varied drastically from different periods, Chinese women always have no say in the standard.
Chinese family roles have undergone tremendous changes in the past few years. By means of a number of indicators, Women’s socioeconomic status really improved and almost equal to men. Also In terms of labour income, power positions, and housework, it is disadvantageous to
Chinese painting has been the major art form within Chinese tradition throughout centuries. Their paintings distinguish themselves from other art forms from different countries by their use of ink to emphasize motion and bring liveliness into a two-dimensional piece. In order to understand the old and ancient practices of Chinese painting, one must look towards Xie He’s Six Laws (or Methods) of Painting. In a demonstration of He’s six methods, Han Gan’s Night Shining White (short handscroll, ink on paper, early 8th century) not only is able to capture the physical representation of his subject but also the spiritual energy as well. Most famous of the Tang dynasty for capturing the visualness and spirituality of horses was Han Gan (Hearn).
Week 3: Sacred Goddess: Ideas about Femininity China is an appearance driven society where heavy emphasis is placed on a woman’s aesthetics and femininity rather than their talents and achievements. (Chan & Cheng, 2011) Women are constantly under pressure by their peers, family and society to chase the ideal standards of physical beauty. This has caused the beauty economy in China also known as “mei nü jing ji”, to thrive (Zhang, 2012). Many take radical measures to “fix” physical qualities that are deemed flaws. Some characteristics that are associated with femininity and are extremely sought after China include fair skin, big, bright eyes, and a small and delicate soft nose.
In the second except, Injustices to Chinese Women by Qiu Jin, Jin introduced us to the hardships and unfair treatments that the women have to face under the Chinese society. In the beginning of her except, Jin basically stated that it is unlucky to be born as a girl in China. Throughout her descriptions, China was a male orientated society. Her statement about how men would kill their own children, just because they were born with a female gender, shows that women in China faced their injustices since the moment they got out of their wombs. Not only that, the beauty standard in China is really cruel and painful, as women have to bind their feet, as no men want to marry women with big feet.
Abstract: For a long time, it is a research highlight in the aspect of differences of status between Chinese and Western women in their marriages. Although, female’s positions of marriage depend on the social system and historical background, it presents the feature that women are living in a disadvantageous position in their marriages. To this situation, by the method of using the main character’s marriage in Dream of Red Mansions and Down-ton Abbey as examples, this article tries to make a literature review about the topic of woman’s marital status on the base of the recognition of woman’s weak position. Besides, this review will try to classify and analyze the status of Chinese and Western women in their marriages by summarizing the newest
Chinese traditional art has its own artistic system. The typical Chinese philosophy of “harmony between man and nature” has great influence on art as Mr. Li Zehou once said “ Chinese ancient philosophers firmly believed that the nature of the world and human society is the harmony, which is the highest level of beauty. This is a plain but provoking thought.” As a part of traditional eastern culture, Chinese traditional art embodies the unique aesthetic idea and cultural symbols. The earlier generations of artists have made numerous designs with national features and originality. The list is endless, from the palaces and pavilions to furniture, decoration and ornaments, to calligraphy and paintings, which reflect this aesthetic idea referred to as the highest spirit inheriting and reflecting the highest state of Chinese
This paper thus aims mainly at providing evidence to the above stated hypothesis as well as discussing the historical Chinese cultural beliefs that have for a long time caused stigmatization to the people who get these marks on their skin. To begin with, the Chinese language and symbols are widely used in the tattoo industry. This is apparent because of its ability to convey bigger messages in a small symbol representation. However this practice is not that common, at least until the last decade because of the historical perspectives. Since ancient China, religious sects believed that the body was holy, a representation of the family and its lineage.
China, with a long history and rich culture, has been the focus of the world. Therefore, it is imperative that china should publicize such excellent Chinese culture as classical Chinese poetry while absorbing foreign culture. Nevertheless, there occur some mistranslations in poetry translation which fail to convey the exact meaning of the poet to readers and destroy the beauty of the poem. The image is an essential part of a poem, which perfectly conveys to the readers what the poet feels. Thus how to reconstruct the image becomes a common concern.