The Progressive Era The Progressive Era, which lasted from 1892 -1920 was a period of wide spread social activism that sought for political reform. Activist sought to remove corrupted representatives and regulate monopolies with an overall objective too further enhanced direct democracy. Activist of the progressive era sought too reformed and change every aspect of state, society and the economy. This Era both hindered and advanced the country by improving the social, cultural and economical way of operating the country. The labor force in particular was greatly effect by this Era, which fought for better wages and improved working conditions.
The ascension of Theodore Roosevelt to the presidency marked a dramatic turning point in bringing meaningful reform in America because he was the first ever president to lead hands on and believed that the government should serve as an agent of reform for the people. Roosevelt abandoned his Republican counterparts’ ideals of a ‘laissez-faire’ economy and turned to helping the American people through welfare programs and minimum wage laws. Above all, Theodore Roosevelt served as a voice for the masses and implemented what they had long desired. Around 1902, exposing the evils of industries, politicians and the rich and famous was a very hot industry. Authors such as Lincoln Stephens revealed the corrupt alliance between big business and urban
Henry took England out from under Rome’s religious control, and declared himself as the reigning head of State to also be the new head of the Church. This new branch of the Christian Church, neither Roman Catholic nor truly Protestant, became known as the Anglican Church or the Church of England. His main belief was that God had had created society as it was and that this society should not change or be challenged. Henry believed that women were inferior to men and that those who were born into poverty were there because that was the way God ordained it to be.Henry also fully believed that the social order of England had to be maintained at all
When Spain conquered the native populations in America, it brought with it the Roman Catholic religion, hoping to spread it through the new colonies. In northern America, Calvinism (A.K.A. Puritanism) was established along with other, less strict forms of Protestantism. As the protestant religion spread, so did the so-called “protestant work ethic”. This idea that one must work hard to establish personal success and to live a Godly life helped to encourage the development of capitalism as an economic structure.
Martin Luther was a German monk and professor at the University of Wittenberg in Germany. He is one of Western history’s most significant figures as his actions began the Reformation, a movement for religious reform. He lead a religious revolution that challenged the Church’s power. Martin Luther did more good than harm to the Church and European society as a whole because he sought truth about the Church, recognized that the selling of indulgences was unacceptable, and inspired the people of Europe. Luther recognized that the selling of indulgences was unacceptable and inspired others to speak up in what they believe in.
Progressivism was a product of the 20th century, made up mainly of middle class white women and professional men. The roots of the Progressive Movement can be traced back to the labor unions and the Populist party that formed in the late 19th century as a response to the perceived evils of industrialism. The makeup its members, as opposed to the poor immigrants and farmers that constituted both the northern labor unions, gave the Progressive Movement the muscle that it needed to create large social change. Driven by their belief that science was the key to fixing society, Progressives set out to free America from its industrial prison. In his book Triangle, David von Drehle writes, “Impelled by the belief that truth drives out error, they dedicated
The Methodists in England argued for social change; that the Church of England had to change it’s view on the slave trade. Methodists were suited for the mobile wold of the British empire, it was an optimistic movement that was organized around people and built on feelings (Farber 10/26/15). It appealed to Equiano because it is a religion that was built around travel, bringing interconnection from place to place. The transmission of methodism is not based on a doctrine, but built around travelers who carry the gospel (Farber 10/26/15). Therefore, it was his exposure to the war and ships that fueled his desire to join the Methodist movement.
3. The Crown’s offering of parliamentary sovereignty allowed the government to operate separately and this enabled a free market system to thrive, which caused leaders like Matthew Henry and Isaac Watts to encourage the people to work hard, hope for salvation in the next world and pursue efficiency and moderate prosperity in this world. Evidence suggests that Britain was strongly influenced by Christianity in the Dark Ages and Christianity was a fundamental tool for defining classes in the society (Davis 36). This is because in the Dark Ages (500 BC – 1100 BC), authority was granted to monarchs and nobles with the consent of the Pope and the Vatican Church. Thus, Christianity and its rules were restricted to the castles and the areas where
Focusing on their own personal relationship with God, the Protestants “developed the inner self-assurance and assertiveness that marks the modern individual” (Perry 203). Unlike Christians, who relied on the clergy to reach salvation, a prominent outlook of the Reformation maintained that God chooses whether an individual is worthy to get to heaven and that events during one 's life won’t affect this outcome. This way of thinking also “may have contributed to the development of the capitalist spirit, which underlies modern economic life” (Perry 203). Protestants believed that poverty was God’s way of dealing punishment to those who deserved it, while wealth was a sign that a person was destined to reach salvation. Therefore, while Christianity discouraged excessive materialism, the Reformation encouraged productivity and motivated the business class to flourish.
On the other hand, the Great Awakening appealed to the less wealthy because it was for people’s emotions. The religious movement came over from Europe. The Enlightenment focused on reasons, science, rationality, and progress. The Enlightenment believed God made all men equal and that governor is born by the people. The Great Awakening cut across social, economic, and educational lines.