Pre-Write Topic: The impact of women on political and social reforms Footprint: American Progressive Era, 1880s – 1920s Setting the Scene: The Progressive Era was a time of extensive reformation across the United States. Outline of your arguments supported by evidence: - Social change: New inventions increased jobs creating independence, altering family life and leading to protests on wage, birth control, and workplace regulations. Inventions: Typewriter, Telephone Switch, Automobile Jobs: Office, Field, Factory (participated in the war) Independence: increased money, more freedom (from dependency and oppression) Family life: divorce increased, family size decreased Birth Control: raising a child require a lot of time, energy, and money –
The 19th century was a period of widespread social, economical and political problems in the United States, from the 1890s to the 1920s in need of reform. Both parties were created by the people’s dissatisfaction with the government and its ability to appeal to the majority. The Populist movement was founded my farmers, laborers and middle class civilians that wanted government regulation in the economy, more authority in the government, educating immigrants, to prevent government corruption and high positions to be based on experience. The Progressive movement was caused corruption in politics, political machines, rapid urbanization and discrimination and equality. The Progressive movement was based on the idea that the government should have a more active role in solving economic ills.
The following quote is from the struggle between business and labor reading. In the quote, the narrator is reflecting back on what happened during the haymarket affair, “On May 3, union members, strike-breakers, and police clashed. One union member died. As police moved in to end the meeting, and unknown person threw a bomb. It killed seven police and wounded about sixty people.
During Progressive Era, there were many reforms that occurred, such as Child Labor Reform or Pure Food and Drug Act. Women Suffrage Movement was the last remarkable reform, and it was fighting about the right of women to vote, which was basically about women’s right movement. Many great leaders – Elizabeth Cad Stanton and Susan B. Anthony - formed the National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA). Although those influential leaders faced hardship during this movement, they never gave up and kept trying their best. This movement was occurred in New York that has a huge impact on the whole United States.
The working class has taken the initiative to to ask Parliament for assistance in permitting them with voting rights. The workers’ main goal is to convince the Parliament of their views, so their point of view is biased. Comparatively, Flora Tristan, a French writer and political activist, wants workers, “the victims of real inequality and injustice” to fight for justice and the equality of men and woman (Doc 5). She realizes the strength of workers and that one they can come together in unity and demand the bourgeois give them their deserved rights. Tristan includes her own perspective of being a woman, and undergoing the unequal treatment, making her biased.
According to northern historians writing in the late nineteenth century, “Abolitionists were courageous men and women so devoted to uprooting the evil of slavery that they were willing to dedicate their lives to a cause that often ostracized them from their communities.” This quote shows how the people working to reform had to work at it full-time. The abolitionists working to abolish slavery, eventually had one of the greatest affects on the reformation of America. The reform of abolishing slavery was able to change the course of history. Transcendentalism, by definition, is the literary and intellectual movement that emphasized individualism and self-reliance, predicated upon a belief that each person possesses an “inner-light” that can point the way to truth and direct contact with God. This idea reformed America through its affect on the government.
In April 1968, Martin Luther King on the night before his assassination had told a group of striking sanitation workers in Memphis, Tennessee: “We’ve got to give ourselves to this struggle until the end. Nothing would be more tragic than to stop at this point in Memphis. We’ve got to see it through”. On 1 February 1968, two Memphis garbage collectors, Echol Cole and Robert Walker, were crushed to death by a malfunctioning truck. Twelve days later, frustrated by the city’s response to the latest event in a long pattern of neglect and abuse of its black employees, 1,300 black men from the Memphis Department of Public Works went on strike.
Additionally, the United States currently holds laws and statutes that protect men and women against sexual harassment. India and Japan have also put in place similar guidance to help handle sexual harassment. These laws needed to be put into place because pregnant women and young mothers in Japan get harassed daily at the workplace. People harass these women to quit their jobs. Another example of an employment issue within Japan, is maternity harassment.
Patrick Cockburn in his article Life Under Isis says, “The Islamic State wants to force all humanity to believe in its vision of a religious and social utopia existing in the first days of Islam.” This statement can be proven by the fact that Iraqi women are forced to marry Isis fighters against their will, a practice followed in the 7th Century by the Caliphate. They are whipped, along with their husbands, if they appear in the streets without their heads covered. Women have always been subjugated in political scenarios. On the other hand, war has sometimes changed societal perception about women for the better. Prior to the First World War, the women of England were oppressed and did not have the right to vote.
III. SOCIAL INFLUENCE AND PREJUDICE The society in the Victorian Era was amidst a great change. Having in mind the fact that they were moving from a pastoral life to industrialization, their lifestyle changed. As with every transition, there is the issue of adapting to changes because people tend to hold onto their principles. The society of that time had ideas and expectations on how women should behave.
There was a man there searching, because the people were afraid we would take something, so that door was always locked” (Leap for Life, Leap for Death). The front doors of the factory would always be locked because the owners Isaac Harris and Max Blanck thought one of the employees might steal something from the factory. When they tried to go downstairs, the flames of the fire burned them that prevented them to try leave the building. The factory owners were charged for manslaughter after the fire. A few years later they were acquitted and let out of
At its state it is reporting an incident leaving many conclusions to be made about the incident. The director of the documentary Lee Grant directs the film differently. He introduced it and left the important parts to be covered by the participants of the Willmar 8 strike. To obtain a better feministic approach the documentary should have introduced a contrasting theories, managers and views by the public. The documentary should have been framed to address sexism because it was the issue in the Willmar 8.
The Progressive Movement fought against all forms of injustice. It came to be to fight against corrupt politics, political machines, “robber barons” and big business, poor working conditions in the more industrialized America, poor living conditions for the poor and middle class in the more urbanized society, etc. Women’s Suffrage, child labor reform, social reform i.e. discrimination, banking and labor reform, and the desire for prohibition helped promote and influence this movement as well. Their goals were aligned with said causes.
The police officers asked the employers if they had seen anything suspicious and they told the officers that they were not able to clean the upper floors. They became suspicious of that afterwards, so they went to the upper floors to check it out. They then realized what they had discovered, they saw the torture chamber holmes used to kill his victims. Holmes was first charged with insurance scams and then later on he was charged for first degree murder of Benjamin Pitezel.
Reform movements spread throughout the country during the nineteenth century like wildfire alongside and often in conjunction with the Second Great Awakening. During this era the abolitionist movement, struggle for women’s and worker’s rights and the temperance movement came with the desire for social betterment and reform. Many of these societies and movements involved the ideology of the American Revolution with ideas of individual freedom, liberty, equality and also the respect for personhood. While many of the social reform movements in the first half of the nineteenth century had an element of moralism the temperance movement was steeped in it. It was believed that with drinking came “poverty, crime, illness, insanity, battered and broken