In the initial phases of project management, Leadership plays major role as it is important to do the right things from the very start as only than you can follow the right path forwards. You need a leader in the start who can show you the right path to follow and who can lead you in the right direction. From there on management comes into picture as management follows the policies and procedures of the organization. Management makes sure that everything takes place according to the set protocol of the organization. But overall it 's a combination of both leadership and management throughout the project management process.
This high level of responsibility means that project managers must ensure they have the necessary skills and abilities to perform the job better than anyone else. They must have the knowledge of project management, must be able to accomplish the project while applying his/her knowledge, and he/she must ensure they are acting like a professional during the project (Project Management Institute,
Nowadays we can’t imagine business world without different projects. This is why the implementation of project management approach is becoming not only popular but vital and necessary. Since basic principles and techniques of project management haven’t changed dramatically for the past decades, different research and academic papers in this field can still provide useful advice and guidance. In this paper the article “The role of project management in achieving project success” (Munns, Bjiermi, 1996) is under consideration. Authors’ position Munns and Bjiermi argue that there is confusion between project and project management and the main message of the article is to distinguish these two terms.
If firms want to pursue their goal for growth and stability they have to see project management as the foundation of their business processes rather than as just a functional activity. Project management has turned in to a very crucial factor that leads to the success
The Project Manager should have a complete understanding and knowledge with regards to the field of study. An important quality that a Project Manager should have is being able to work under pressure, in this particular field of work, you are bound to encounter challenges on a weekly basis and a Project Manager should have the temperament to deal with difficult situations. As the Project Manager, your main objective would be to complete the project within the designated timeframe without any interruptions or disagreements between team members, it is therefore imperative to use discretion and objectivity during the project, with these qualities, it may decrease the chance of in-fighting and disagreements amongst project team members. Therefore it is imperative for the Project Manager to share his vision of the project with his/her team members from the first day, it’ll give team members a description of what is required of
This normally occurs simultaneously with the day-to-day management of the business, which therefore means that the current human resources must be reassigned for the duration of the project or new personnel may be employed solely for the expected project time. According to Edmonds (2010), it is almost impossible to identify an organization in today’s globalized society, where no projects are being implemented. For this reason, there is an obvious rapid growth and implementation of project management. Whether a task is temporary or on-going, it is agreed that the overall aim and objective is to succeed and to derive a desired positive result. Based on this it was imperative to devise a structured plan to assist with its execution, this is known as project management
To carry forward the project, managers are responsible to recruit and build the project team and identify project’s risk and uncertainties. A Project team is one of the key toward project success; they will work on one or more phrase of the project. If project team do not show their ability, thus from the beginning the project will lead to failure. Moreover the project team has some specific role to perform and varieties of tasks to carry out; contribute toward overall project objectives, bring expertise, documentation process, work in group, communicate status of the task and so on. A project manager is the person responsible in attaining the project objective.
This gap has highlighted the significance of this study to the profession of project management. The leadership is attracted due to the principal role of the project management within the organisation for maintaining the operations while sustaining the economic viability. The project management has focused on the features of effective project managers, role of project teams, and tools of project management in the professional domain. The influence of the organisational culture along with the possible influence on project management has not been considered in the implementation of projects. It is known that the project management is associated with the normative techniques along with the methods to plan and control projects.
THE DEFINITION OF PROJECT MANAGEMENT The aim of project management is to manage projects effectively and efficiently. However, project management differs from other management activities due to the nature of the projects (cf. Görög, 2013). Since projects: • are unique and onetime set of tasks, thus there is a need to manage their temporary being, • have a definite and predefined aim, thus the main task is the implement this specific project result, • projects have a definite budget and timeline, thus keeping them can bear of great importance. In this way, project management is ‘such a management activity, which is emerged from other management areas, and different from operation management routine-like being, is aimed to implement the unique, complex set of activities defined by strategic management’ (Görög, 2003:363).
This is because poorly planned projects will have poor time management, vague project objectives, and unset budget. This could lead into dissatisfied customers, lack of support from stakeholders and expose the project to the risks and problems because it is a good plan that a clear picture on schedule, the aim, expectations and budget of the project. Therefore, project managers should should be involved in the planning of the projects and execute the plan. As recommended by Deniis Lock, a plan should have a definition and strategy of the project then the task list, then the whole plan can checked by using check lists to see if all major plan components are in place. To develop a good tasklist project managers can use Work Breakdown structures then present the tasks and scheledules in a more clear view by using Gantt Charts and network diagrams.