Project Management Life Cycle

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2.4. The project management life cycle
Before progressing to the methodologies used in project management an analysis on PMLC (chapter 2.3) is necessary. A PMLC usually consists of five processes: Scoping, Planning, Launching, Monitoring and Controlling, and Closing (Wysocki, 2013).
During the scoping process these actions are taken: A project manager is recruited who extract the true needs of the client and negotiates with him how these needs will be met. The description of the project is created which then must be approved by the senior management. Not all projects are approved to go to the planning process (Wysocki, 2013).
Once it is approved the planning process begins. In this process two questions must be answered "What will you do?"
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During this process the entire team may be coming together for the first time and at this point, they are nothing more than a group. There will be awkwardness and anxiety and the project manager must conduct that first team meeting with care, giving team members an opportunity to introduce themselves to each other and explain what they bring to the project (Wysocki, 2013).
The monitoring and controlling process includes all processes related to the ongoing work, which answers the question "How will you know you did it?” For this, a project performance and reporting system must be established, in order to monitor risk and performance. Also this reporting system will handle requests about changes in scope and discover and solve problems. In this process the real work of the project takes place. The project manager will deal with activities internal to the project team and external like dealing with the client, and senior management (Wysocki,
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Project management methodologies
In which manner the processes of PMLC are implement through the project distinguish one methodology from the other. There is no fixed way for delivering every kind of project. There is a great number of models and they cannot be all discussed in this essay. The model linear for TMP, and iterative for Agile, will be presented (Wysocki, 2013).

Linear model
The linear model is the basic model type of project management. There are two types of this model the standard rapid development. Each phase must be completed before the next phase can begin. After a phase is complete, there is no return to revise work and there is no feedback loops. Infrastructure and construction projects are among those that can implement a Linear PMLC model with good results. It’s best to use a linear model on projects that have been repeated enough times so as to possess a library of templates. There will be already plans for every identifiable risk (Wysocki, 2013).
Projects using the linear model must have the following characteristics:(Wysocki, 2013)
• Complete and clearly defined goal, solution, requirements, functions, and features.
• Few expected scope change requests.
• Routine and repetitive

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