In controlling scope, Larson and Gary only in WBS instead of consider any scope outside from WBS. For scope management on mega project like OGR, a comprehensive and simplified process as PMI is needed to ensure each entity understands the scope of the project and agrees upon exactly how the project’s goals will be
They are both leaders and managers and they are the ones that will closely oversee and manage projects that the company has handed out. While working a project, project managers use the project management life cycle to guide them towards success. The steps in the life cycle include: initiating, planning, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing. Initiating is when the project manager or the PM’s boss will define a new
Once the project has been executed and the deliverables have been met, the project has to be closed. Martin and Tate (2001) recommend the close-out phase be broken down into five types of activities: having the project evaluated, writing the final status report, developing lessons learned, issuing the close-out report, and reviewing the report with the sponsor. During this part of project management, the project should be reviewed and rated. The final reports, executive summary and feedback provide a snapshot of the quality of the project. The project team leader and customers should schedule a final meeting.
2. Communication: The most common drawback anywhere in the organization is lack of proper communication. The project manager should establish a communication channel and communicate the team about goals, responsibility, performance and expectations. The project manager must have the ability to pursue effective negotiations when necessary to ensure the success of the team and project. The PMI suggests that a project manager should spend 90% of his time in communication.
This diagram illustrates the chain of command when a traditional procurement route is used in a project Management There are many different routes within the management route such as management contracting, design and management and construction management. Management contracting When this route is used, a professional team and a management contractor are hired by the client. Their duty is to, during design stage, advice the team. During construction their role is ensure the work being carried out is done to the correct specification. This method allows an early start on site and gives the client flexibility to change design during construction.
The preliminary plan of engagements is documented and prioritized. Audit resources and expertise are then considered and final plan is presented to senior management and the audit committee. 2.9 DEVELOPING THE PLAN OF ENGAGEMENT Role and function of internal audit at ITPO
• Audit trail for every update on the database. This is where error monitoring and logging tools can be useful. [Source: (Airbrakeio, 2013)] Non-Functional Specifications • Extensibility of the system – will current system easily allow new enhancements or features with the next rollout? This is critical for any application that you’ll be adding new features and updating often. • Has the current or future capacity been analyzed for database requirements?
Integrated change control Project Scope Management Managing the collection/analysing of all info. to start a project and features/functions the project needs to meet the Stakeholders requirements Scope planning Project Cost Management The managing of the budget costs, estimations , funding and controlling costs within relation to the pre- approved budget Cost budgeting Project Time Management The managing of time, to ensure project is on time and each phase is completed within the time stipulated. Schedule development Project Quality Management The determination of quality policies and responsibilities, to ensure that the project meets the original needs and specifications Quality assurance Project Human Resource Management A team that should ensure a solid management of human resources within the project Staff acquisition Project Communications Management To ensure that communication is done effectively and that the correct info. is received at the appropriate time Information Distribution Project Risk Management The managing and identifying of potential risks to the project and to the business itself. Risk