However, safe practices, which include safe water and good hygiene, must be maintained. (Srikantiah, et al. 2007) 3. Educational programs and public awareness campaigns must be introduced to ensure that the public obtains knowledge on how to break the transmission of typhoid fever and advocate the point- of- use methods of prevention. (Srikantiah, et al.
The policy focused on water pollution prevention and control situation, water quality maintenance and protection scheme, water quality improvement and management plan, risk prevention and control scheme, etc. In order to implement the policy precisely, in November 2012, The State Council introduced Planning and Control of Water Pollution in the Upstream Area and Three Gorges Reservoir Area of Guizhou (2012-2015), which appointed local government heads as river chiefs to clean up and protect its water resources, implement ecological compensation mechanism, strengthen industrial pollution control and promote the construction of pollution treatment plant. The first regulation invested 3.6 billions dollar in order to set up 157 pollution control
The author's goal is to research to evaluate factors associated with access to health care in the aftermath of the 2010 Pakistan floods. The scope of the paper discusses results from a survey conducted. A randomized survey method was used to survey households of the flood-affected population. The households were surveyed approximately six months after the flood's onset and multivariate analysis was used to determine significance. The article is organized in traditional research article format with an introduction, followed a clearly stated hypothesis, and a methods, results and conclusion section.
Retrieved March 25, 2015, from http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1175560-overview Schlein, L. (n.d.). Water for Health - Taking Charge. Retrieved March 25, 2015, from http://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/takingcharge.html#1. The Poisoning of Minamata. (n.d.).
In this essay I will assess the extent Hong Kong will be affected by global water scarcity in the near future and make a comparison of the risk of water scarcity in Hong Kong to other major international cities. I will analyse the origins of water scarcity. I will explain the concept of water scarcity from three perspectives: personal, local and global. Water scarcity is defined by The Agricultural Carbon Market Working Group as when there are below onethousand million cubic metres of water available per individual being annually. Absolute water scarcity is defined as when there are below fivehundred cubic metres of water per individual being annually.
In each of these areas there are different methods for assessing flood risk and its vulnerability. The repetition of risk assessments after flood mitigation measures (both structural and non-structural measures) lets appropriate judgment of the efficiency of each measure and also leads to identify components of risk which need extra mitigation (T.Tingsanchali, 2012) Vulnerability and its concept in flood risk One of the key elements in flood risk management and damage evaluation is flood vulnerability. There is a need to develop our understanding of the vulnerability because nowadays it is understood that vulnerability is the root cause of disasters. The field of vulnerability research embraces a collection of different definitions for vulnerability; United Nations described vulnerability as the degree of damage to a given items at risk caused by flood with determined amount and was expressed as a scale from 0-1 (no damage to total damage) (United nations, 1982). The International Panel of Climate Change (IPCC) described vulnerability is the incapability degree of managing climate change and sea-level rise impacts (IPCC, 1992).
This is the real problem experienced by the citizens of Ethiopia. This point is verified by WHO/UNICEF’s 2012 joint report in which it is stated that 56% of the general population in Ethiopia has no access to clean water. I think this situation clearly shows that the water shortage problem is greater than we think. OUTLINE: Before giving all the details about this problem let me have a quick look at the points that I will be covering. I’m going to divide my talk into 2 parts.
How to mitigate the problem of damn impoundment to Tor sp Dam impoundments create barriers across rivers that gives negatives impacts on natural fish populations. The dam impoundment can contribute to the disappearance and exticntion of species and also diminished abundance. Tor sp is one of species affected by dam impoundment. Mitigation measures are really need to prevent the problem from arise. A) Construction of fish passage There are three ways of fish migrations.
but have later subsided to knee or ankle-deep level.,” Malabon Mayor Lenlen Oreta even said that it was the worst flood they ever encountered after typhoon Maring. Oreta mentioned three barangays namely, Maysilo, Panghulo and Tonsuya which have been the most heavily affected by residual flood. (Barigga, 2013). Oreta also told the media that 1,600 families or 7,500 are affected by the said calamity. All barangays in Malabon were flooded due to heavy rains and that even their city hall was submerged to water.
Polluted water like chemicals in drinking water causes issue to health and prompts water-borne illnesses which can be averted by taking measures can be taken even at the family unit level. Overview and Background: The centrality of water to human and other organic frameworks can't be over underlined, and there are various logical and financial truths that, water shortage or its pollution can result in serious decline in profit and passings of living species. Reports by Food and Agricultural Organization (WHO) of U.S.A uncovered that in Asian and African countries, especially Nigeria, water related maladies had been meddling with fundamental human development. The regular sources of water that are accessible to neighborhood groups in Africa and Asia are quick being