Being virtuous, then, is doing something for no other reason than to be good. Choosing to be nice or do good things for others with the motivation to have them help you in some way later, have them like you more, or really any reasoning other than just wanting to do something nice and good for them for nothing in return is what constitutes a person as being non-virtuous. I think virtue ethics can stand on its own without supplementation, but it requires more thought and action on the individuals part than simply looking to a set of rules for all the
Ayn Rand also had an argument against ethical egoism believing it is a mistake to treat the interest of some individuals as being less important than the interest of others. She thought on the fact that your interest is yours is not relevant to their importance relative to the importance of the interest of others. So, it is a mistake to treat your own interests as if they are more important than the interest of others. Personally, I agree with Ayn Rand’s view supporting ethical egoism. I’ve realized that I only do whatever I choose to do for my own self benefit and self-interest.
Paul Bloom is a philosopher who has written empathy and whether or not it is a good guide in life. According to Bloom, empathy makes a poor guide. Rather than relying on empathy to be a guide, Bloom insists that there is a set of characteristics that allows one to do good and become a “good person.” These characteristics are compassion and kindness, intelligence, self-control, a sense of justice, and a healthy amount of anger. While most of his argument is agreeable, Bloom believes that there needs to be a distance between the caregiver and the receiver, which will be produced by compassion, kindness, and intelligence. This, however, is shown to be flawed in the text Benito Cereno, written by Herman Melville.
It can be demolishing when it serves only a person’s own needs who is a sender and fails to consider the needs of the person on the receiving end. It must be kept in mind that it should be given to help, not to hurt. We also, most of the times give feedback because it makes us feel better or gives us a psychological advantage. Remember: To truly learn to respect yourself, you have to be aware of yourself that what kind of person you really are. If someone gives you constructive feedback, you may use that for self-improvement.
It is just our nature. The competitive nature to be better than someone else. This natural instinct is not an excuse to treat people as if they do not exist as if they don’t matter. Hayden understands this concept well and deeply. He realizes that people are going to naturally want to be better than the person next to them, even if that person is closely related to them.
One example of Equality 7-2521 finding his individuality is when he thinks about his future job in the collective society. He records these thoughts in his journal saying, “[s]o we wished to be sent to the Home of the Scholars” (Rand 24). In a collective society, people are not allowed to have their own preferences because they are part of a group, but Equality 7-2521’s preference of becoming a scholar shows how he is starting to see himself as an individual. Therefore, Equality 7-2521’s thoughts on committing a sin are correct because he is an individual with his own opinion. Another example is when Equality 7-2521, still standing on the summit of the mountain in the Uncharted Forest, adds to his monologue by writing, “[m]y happiness is... its own purpose...
Ego. A simple word to describe a self-sufficient person with no help in need. Although in this generation, people believe the word “ego” is something awful and it is used to describe a person who puts themselves first and neglect those who are around them, but there is another definition in which Ayn Rand explains. In “Anthem” by Ayn Rand the author portrays the word “ego” in a more suitable and in a considerate way. She explains that being an egoist is discovering the unimaginable things you can do by becoming an independent without a hand helping you.
Egoists argue that acting in self-interest can result in position action because the individual knows best how to benefit his own self. If everyone were to act in the interest of others, then the general welfare of all would decrease as they are never working for their own good. Egoists trust that others will act in their own interests, thus making it unnecessary to take action solely for their
M. Hare’s argument, it can be seen that there exists some issues with utilitarianism. Or, simply apply utilitarianism to this world, and use utilitarianism code to make every decision is wrong since the code of utilitarianism loss consistency in real world. According to utilitarianism, the best moral action is the one that maximizes utility, or happiness. However, happiness is complex. It is generally acknowledged that people who have their physical and emotional needs satisfied and their human rights guaranteed are happy.
1. Abstract Prosocial behaviour covers a wide range of actions that are intended to help or benefit other people such as helping, showing compassion, sharing, comforting and cooperation. Altruism is when the motivation for prosocial behaviour is to help others without any thought to what you might get in return. The difference between prosocial behaviour and altruism is that prosocial behaviour is the helping actions a person takes, while altruism is one possible motivation for those actions taken. Prosocial behaviour does not need to be motivated by altruism all the time and altruistic motivation does not need to produce prosocial behaviour.