Pronunciation Problems In English Pronunciation

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Clearly, pronunciation is essential in order to have a better communication in any language; for example, in Costa Rica students who are learning English as a foreign language have to overcome some difficulties because our mother tongue is totally different from English pronunciation. As a result, teachers play an important role in encouraging students to understand the English pronunciation strategies. In fact, there are many sounds which are difficult for students to pronounce such as the suffix -ed used for regular verbs in past tense. According to Marín (2008), “Teachers may find difficulty in trying to help their students at different proficiency levels improve or, at least, to develop an awareness of pronunciation aspects.” (p. 144).…show more content…
According to Jana Mikuláštíková in the article Teaching Pronunciation at Secondary Level(2012),internal factors refer to those ones that are incorporated into students’ individual language such as age, personality, motivation, experiences, cognition, and the relationship between learning the second language as the native.Also, external factors such as curriculum, instruction, culture and status, motivation, and access to communicate with native speakers, refer tothose features that characterize a particular language learning situation and have an impact on the acquisition process of a foreign language. For Mikuláštíková (2012), the fact that some EFLstudents are able to acquire a specific level of English knowledge in a short timeor not can be explained by taking these variables into…show more content…
According to Harmer (2006) cited by Cruz (2013), “students can learn grammar rules and pronunciation patterns differently pointing out that ‘awareness-raising’ is an important factor when teaching” (p. 15). He explains that the teacher could use other listening techniques like games or songs in order to increase their awareness and become more independent in their pronunciation learning. The main purpose of these kind of activities is motivating the students using different methodologies, and choose the best according to their needs. As an example, the use of songs according to Jones (2008) is more productive and meaningful when students are practicing rhythm and sound in a more natural way (cited by Cruz, 2013). First, when students are practicing pronunciation with a song that they like, they become more interesting because as Jones (2008) explained the activity becomes more interesting since they are trying to “reproduce” what they are hearing. This kind of activity helps students to be more awareness about their own

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