Question # 1: Part A How many electrons and protons in an atom of vanadium? Answer # 1: Atomic number = number of protons = 23 Mass number = number of protons + neutrons Mass number = 51 g/mole Number of neutrons = 51-23 Number of Neutrons = 28 Number of electrons = atomic number = 23 Question # 1: Part B Explain in 2 or 3 sentences how the atomic weight is what is reported. Answer # 1: Atomic weight or atomic mass is basically the average mass of atoms of an element. Atomic mass is calculated by using the naturally occurring relative abundance of isotopes. Atomic weight determines the size of the atom.
In nuclear fusion, energy is released when atoms are combined or fused together to form a larger atom. In nuclear fission, atoms are split into smaller atoms, releasing energy. Actually, nuclear power plants can only use nuclear fission to produce electricity. The nuclear energy is powerful because it helps in production of heat and electricity in larger quantities as well as it helps in producing nuclear weapons like atomic bombs, and also in industrial areas. When nuclear energy is used
hydrogen bomb or H-bomb, weapon inferring an extensive bit of its vitality from the atomic combination of hydrogen isotopes. In a nuclear bomb, uranium or plutonium is part into lighter components that together weigh not exactly the first iotas, the rest of the mass showing up as vitality. Not at all like this splitting bomb, the hydrogen bomb capacities by the combination, or joining together, of lighter components into heavier components. The deciding item again weighs not as much as its parts, the distinction afresh showing up as vitality. Since to a great degree high temperatures are required with a specific end goal to start combination responses, the hydrogen bomb is otherwise called an atomic bomb.
Hydrogen bombs are more than 1000 times more powerful than the very common atomic bomb. The explosion is from nuclear fusion which is when hydrogen nuclei (plural of nucleus) are joined to form helium nuclei, releasing great destructive energy and radioactive fallout. When the nuclei combine there is a split second where there is nothing and then there is the explosion. An atomic bomb is the trigger or the smaller bomb of what sets off the hydrogen bomb. We have to be careful with the hydrogen bomb because, if used, it will cause a major catastrophe far greater than the damage done by the atomic bomb.
Nuclear energy has a large presence around the globe. 471 reactors are currently in operation worldwide in over 30 countries. Nuclear makes up a large part of energy production in many countries with 11% of worldwide energy needs met by nuclear power. Some countries are heavily dependant on nuclear power, for example France produces approximately 75% of its total energy from nuclear power. Despite the growth of nuclear energy many countries are against using it as a source of energy production.
Due to its relatively short half-life, it decays before it can be mined, extracted and used. It can also be found in trace amounts within uranium deposits. Plutonium 239 however, can be formed synthetically and is a byproduct of uranium. Once uranium 238 decays and undergoes fusion, it is then extracted by burning the uranium, which is a process used in nuclear reactors, and then collected
Fission and Fusion are similar only really on the surface. That is, they both deal with atoms. That really is where the similarities end, however. Fission is concerned with the deconstruction of atoms, while Fusion involves the reconstruction of them. By using the neutrally-charged molecules called Neutrons, we blast apart an atom, splitting it into two halves and sending its own neutrons everywhere.
Hydrogen is the most simplest of gases, but is a tremendous source of power. When hydrogen is heated to 10 million degrees it begins to produce the energy that makes the star’s shine, which provides the universe with warmth and light. When creating a star, gravity pushes hydrogen atoms together, causing tempters to rise. By the time the hydrogen reaches 10 million degrees a process called nuclear fusion begins. When the hydrogen atoms fuse together, it makes a heavier new material called helium.
In 1939, the scientific community, specifically German physicists had learned the secrets of splitting a uranium atom (The Manhattan Project” 2015). America realized that Adolf Hitler’s Germany obtained a massive amount of scientific talent. With their access had necessary raw materials and knowledge of the splitting of the uranium atom, they had the industrial capacity to produce an atomic bomb(“Manhattan Project”2014). The atomic bomb would eventually become the turning point of weaponry during World War II. On October 11, 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt received a letter from Albert Einstein about the splitting of the uranium atom which could be beneficial in developing weapons for America during World War II.
Nuclear energy is something that we`ve all heard about. It carries risk and potential. When an atom (Uranium and Plutonium in nuclear power plants) is bombarded by neutrons, it can be split, causing fission. This fission releases more neutrons, which causes a chain reaction. Nuclear power plants use this use the heat that is created by fission to heat water that spins their turbines (“Nuclear Energy”).