1. “How did Lincoln and Johnson each approach reconstruction?” Johnson did not have Lincoln’s moral sense and political judgement when it came to reconstruction. “As wartime president, Lincoln had offered amnesty to all but high-ranking Confederates” (464). Lincoln had proposed that when ten percent of a rebellious states voters had sworn loyalty (taken an oath), then the state would be restored to the Union as long as it had approved the thirteenth amendment to abolish slavery.
and when the tax on whiskey was placed he opposed it, saying “The first error was to admit it by the Constitution.” (Doc A). He didn’t like the constitution because of the fact that it would make central government stronger. When the alien act was passed he was opposed to it and said that the central government should only have a set of specific purposes and the leftover purposes should be left to the states individually.(Doc B) Determining the amount of time it takes to be a citizen, and the ability to jail people opposing the government was too much power to Jefferson. When he came into office he realized the necessity for more central power and took more matters into his own hands, he had become a loose constructionist.
Abraham Lincoln, who is widely known as an advocator against slavery, was, in the beginning, not strongly one way or another. He said, that, “My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not to save or destroy slavery” (Doc. 10). His opinion later changed when he got a visit from Fredrick Douglas and he because a pro-abolitionist. After the civil war ended, all freed men were supposed to be given 40 acres of land, taken from the chief rebels but things got complicated, and most rebels were forgiven, and given their land back (Doc. 2). African Americans were not the only ones fighting for their equality.
When the union won the civil war in 1865 it gave millions slaves their freedom but there was a bigger process in rebuilding the south. As Andrew Johnson in 1865 new southern state leaders passed “Blacks Codes” to control the behavior of former slaves and blacks. Many people in the north were very upset about these codes. since the North was very upset with this indecent that happened. It wore away their supporter known as the presidential reconstruction and led to victories of the radical parts of the republican party.
John Tyler did great with his domestic and foreign affairs despite him being and forcing himself to be the first Vise President to become an President. He struggled to do many things with his obnoxious administration going against him every day. Tyler 's domestic affairs along with his greatest success was when he fought Congressional attempts at usurpation to establish the precedent that a Vice President becomes a full president with all a president’s powers on the death of the incumbent President. His greatest failure was being a slave owner and serving in the Confederate States Congress during the Civil War. Tyler 's major foreign policy achievement was the Webster-Ashburton Treaty with Great Britain.
The Emancipation Proclamation also ordered that suitable people among those freed could now be enrolled into paid service of United States ' forces, and ordered the Union Army to "recognize and maintain the freedom of" the former slaves. The Proclamation did not compensate the owners in any way, did not make slavery illegal and did not grant any citizenship to the former slaves. It only made the eradication of slavery an explicit war goal as an addition to the goal of reuniting the Union. Around 20,000 to 50,000 slaves in the southern regions where the rebellion already had been subdued were immediately emancipated. The proclamation could not be enforced in the areas still under rebellion, but when the Union Army took control of Confederate regions, The Proclamation provided the legal support framework for freeing about more than 3 million slaves in those southern regions.
Joel Hale 1. In the first article it is stated that after Trump had won the election even though he had lost the popular vote, several angry Democrats and liberals were calling for the abolition of the Electoral College. The Electoral College was designed to prevent coastal elites from large states from getting to pick the president. People were furious that Clinton didn’t win, and millions of people in California, New York, and other states wrongly believed that their support would affect the outcome. A suggestion for moving forward is keeping the Electoral College, with some minor changes, and get rid of the popular vote.
This is because the north and south had different opinions on slavery, if you used the Dred Scott decision for slavery, you will receive no support from the north. So Dred Scott and slavery had a big impact on the north vs the south. When the Republican party was formed most people believe that it was formed because of the Dred Scott decision. This is because its ideas on slavery convinced them they had to form it.
Abraham Lincoln Abraham Lincoln was probably best known for being the president of the Civil War but Lincoln played another big role as he also helped fuel the Civil War. He helped get this war started by speeking against slavery. Lincoln said slavery shouldn’t be abolished but excluded the territories. Because of what lincoln said this put southerners in a state of fear because if he were to win his election and slavery would be excluded from the territories that would mean that no new slave states could be added thus getting rid of slavery as a whole.
After the Civil War, African Americans went from bondage into gaining liberty. Twentieth President James A. Garfield stated, “The elevation of the Negro race from slavery to the full rights of citizenship is the most important political change we have known since the adoption of the constitution.” However, the centuries of racism, prejudice, and devaluation took its toll on Southern society, and they would take another century before all Blacks could vote unhindered. The ratification of civil rights legislation created only a beginning of a change because the Emancipation Proclamation failed to free all slaves, Whites did not view Blacks as social equals, and most Southern Whites would not cooperate with the new laws. The Emancipation
Although Lincoln concentrated on his plans for Reconstruction, he didn 't apply much diligence towards the Southern properties that were lost due to technical tax evasion. Abraham Lincoln 's plan proposed land be given to Emancipation accepting "rebels", but Confederate officers and people highly involved in their government, would be closed out from this proposition. Lincoln also granted that if ten percent of the state 's majority (of those who could vote), they 'd be allowed to make a new government. This last proposition caused the North anxiety for it could allow the South to receive unneeded power, causing the original split between the regions once again.
The rest of Congress started not to later in his tenure and he became the first president to have a veto overridden on him with ⅔ vote from Congress. Also there were two really bloody riots in the south that involved slavery, putting a bad stamp on Johnson. Congress put several laws on the President that would get him impeached if he violated any of them and when he violated the Tenure of Office Act he became the first president to get impeached. Because he had to work with radical Republicans in Congress Johnson never got his way when it came to trying to help the country improve from the Civil
(Schultz, n.d.). The Confederate States of America were the first to willing withdraw from the Union as they tended to have more slaveholding families and the Northern territories were the last to withdraw from the Union as they tended to have fewer slaves. In order to prevent this from becoming a war John Crittenden and Abraham Lincoln tried to come up with several ways to compromise with the situation at hand. The first attempt was by John Crittenden with the Crittenden Compromise which was unsuccessful.
The proclamation also gave renewed purpose to Union Soldiers, who now saw their cause as abolition as well as the preservation of the union. The European powers to withdraw support for the confederacy. The Emancipation Proclamation and Changed the Course of the Civil War. The African American was allowed to join the armed forces and by the end of the war nearly 200,000 would honorably serve. Slavery was abolished on December 6, 1865,
President Abraham Lincoln’s plan of reconstruction was referred to as the Ten Percent Plan. It offered the rebels a full pardon and also restoration of their full rights as citizens if they pledged to accept the abolition of slavery and swore allegiance to the United States. When the number of loyal citizens equaled ten percent of the votes cast during the election of 1860, then they could form a new state government and constitution. Lincoln required new constitutions to band slavery, exclude high ranking Confederate officials to take part in the new state government, and held the right of congress to decide whether any members sent to congress would be allowed to serve. Congress felt the plan was not harsh enough, so congress passed the Wade-Davis