The entire opportunity cost is the interest rate times the average cash balance kept by the firm. Average lost opportunity cost = C/2 Relevance Now a day many companies make an effort to reduce the costs incurred by preserving cash. They also attempt to spend a smaller amount on changing marketable securities to cash.
Secondly, cash based accounting keeps better track on firms’ accounts than accrual accounting does. In the situation when after adaption of the valuation, the value does not equal to the book value, the benefits of cash-flow accounting is revealed because cash methods record transactions only until the payment has really occurred (Penman, 2001, p.688). Accrual
Fair value accounting is appropriate accounting standard for securities brokers. Respectively the business involve are in term of securities view and banking view. Fair value defines as “the price that would be received to sell an asset or paid to transfer a liability in an orderly transaction between market participants at the measurement date.” In this term paper, we attempt to make sense of the current fair-value and discuss about the pros and cons that are available in fair value accounting.
Under US GAAP, Financial reporting should provide information that is useful to present and potential investors and creditors and other users in assessing the amounts, timing, and uncertainty of prospective net cash inﬂows to the related enterprise. (SFAC No. 1, para. 37) It is interesting to note that this is precisely the information that one would need to calculate the value of an enterprise. Thus, in setting accounting principles, the FASB appears to be emphasizing the valuation role of accounting information over other uses.
The DCF method has a lot of advantages over the Multiples approach, one would be that the DCF method considers the future of a company and values the future cash flows for every debt or equity holder. So, this method forces us to explicitly explore and analyze the fundamental factors that drive business value creation. Another advantage is the discount factor which shows us if a given company will be able to generate cash flows equivalent to its riskiness. A disadvantage of the DCF method is its complexity. The Multiples approach is usually only used to get a rough estimate how much a company could be worth.
Recently, accounting standard-setting body such as the IASB have focused on the issue of how assets and liabilities should be measured (Penman, 2007, p.33). This issue is related to the fair market value accounting as an alternative method against historical cost accounting. The fair market value of an asset (liability) is the amount at which that asset (liability) could be bought or sold (incurred or settled) in a current transaction between willing parties. Historical cost accounting is based on actual transactions, the recorded amounts are reliable and verifiable. This paper describes this measurement concepts and compares them.
The higher the quick ratio, the more the company will be able to repay its current assets without selling its long term assets. However, in case of Blackwell Automotive Company, the quick ratio is quite low which shows that the liquidity position of a company is not good. Days’ Sales Outstanding Ratio Days’ sales outstanding ratio is a ratio which measures the number of days taken by the organization so as to collect the cash from credit sales. The advantages of Days’ Sales Outstanding Ratio are: - It helps the organization to know the efficiency of the account receivable department. - It helps the investor in evaluating how fast the firm can collect the cash from its credit sales so as to pay its liabilities effectively.
Under this type of analysis, a number of ratios used for measuring the meaningful quantitative relationship between the items of financial statements during the particular period. This type of analysis is useful in comparing the performance, efficiency, and profitability of several companies in the same group or divisions in the same company. In order to avoid the limitations of Comparative Statement, this type of analysis is designed. Under this method, financial statements are analyzed to measure the relationship of various figures with some common base. Accordingly, while preparing the Common Size income statement, total sales is taken as a common base and other items are expressed as a percentage of sales.
For instance such examples of equity are: ordinary share, preference shares, hybrids and bonds. In addition, Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) and Dividend Growth Model (DGM) is used to calculate measures of equity for the organisation. Inasmuch with cost of equity are investments can be obtained to generate cash causing the firm to be affluent and profitable through investment appraisal decision such as net present value, average rate of return, internal rate of return and payback period. The money retrieved at the end of the investments will be utilised in the form of
There is financial flexibility by using stock. Payment solely by stock might reduce the profitability ratio of the company and if it is by cash, the company will show higher liquidity ratio. Not all firms have liquid cash to complete the transaction so they deal by involving both cash and stock as the risk will be divided and hence it is the most attractive method of financing the
An investigation linked to the assertion accuracy will provide valuable information because the earnings per share amount is what provides payout to its stockholders. Accuracy relates to the amount of purchase transactions and their proper recording, which can be useful by comparing the invoices and prices with the purchase order and receiving reports (Louwers). A testing to confirm events and their occurrence could be helpful. This would ensure that the events and transactions have actually occurred and are recorded in the financial statements accordingly.
ACC 201 Final Project Part I Accounting Cycle Report Vanessa Ann Williams Southern New Hampshire University The accountant cycle has really impacted me to gain insight on the financial side of Peyton Company. In the accountant cycle, there are many particular directions involve determining the growth of the company such as steps, role, omission and financial statements. It’s important to apply every step from the accountant cycle to make a financial critical decision in the long run. This report will have a breakdown of how to apply the accountant cycle for Peyton Company to be aware of future financial decisions to keep the company holding strong.