Thousands of babies had deformities because tests on hamsters and rats showed the pill to be effective. Additionally, “Animal tests on the arthritis drug Vioxx showed that it had a protective effect on the hearts of mice, yet the drug went on to cause more than 25,000 heart attacks and sudden cardiac deaths before being pulled from the market” (Vioxx). Animal testing is extremely misleading in the medical field. Scientists attempt to link the results of testing drugs on animals to its effectiveness on humans. There is an extreme lack of results that comes from animal testing, furthering that scientists should use methods that do not involve animals when testing new drugs and other medical
2.0 Body Content 2.1 Reduction A way of justifying animal testing is to reduce the number of animals involved in animal testing. In 1970s, 5.5 million of various animals including chimpanzees, dogs, mice, rabbits, monkeys etc. are involve in the medical research field as test subjects for various experiments (PETA, 2014). However, some experiments were not beneficial to the development of the medical field but cost over a million dollar. In the United States of America, 16 billion dollars had been used on animal experimentation- 1.9 million dollars are used on the experimenting on heart diseases on dogs conducted by Ohio State University, 5 million dollars were used on obesity experiments conducted by Oregon National Primate Research Centre, while 16 million dollars were used by Harvard University to fund 1200 individual experiments on drug addiction by using monkeys as test subjects. Although animals were sacrificed in the experiments, most experiments did not reach its goal due to flaws causing a waste of life (Grant, 2013; Peta, 2014).
Is Animal Testing Worth It? Every single year, over 100 million animals are mutilated, burned, poisoned, and killed for the sake of cosmetic and drug testing in the United Stated alone (11 Facts about…). A majority of these animals end up looking motley with blood and dye, emaciated, or dead. A lot of cosmetic companies furtively claim to be cruelty free, but they belong to ‘parent companies’ that authorize and perform animal testing.
By creating the vaccine the researchers saved thousands of children from a disease that would leave them handicapped for life. Think if all the mothers of children the researchers saved from watching their child go through that, no mother want to see their child like that. Also the parents of children with this disease would have to take care of their child as if he or she is a baby for life because they could never leave their bed. This disease also makes the child infected with in miserable not only do they go through intense pain but also miss out on their childhood and life, that most people take for granted. They miss going to school, playing with other children, and getting married.
The practice of animal testing is a very debatable topic. “Each year, more than 100 million animals, including mice, rats, frogs, dogs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, guinea pigs, monkeys, fish, and birds are killed in U.S. laboratories” (Experiments). “The term “animal testing” refers to procedures performed on living animals for purposes of research into basic biology and diseases assessing the effectiveness of new medicinal products, and testing the human health and/or environmental safety of consumer and industry products such as cosmetics, household cleaners, food additives, pharmaceuticals and industrial/agro-chemicals” (About). There are numerous pros and cons of using animals in experiments for humans for our everyday needs. There is different pros for animal testing, including helping researchers to find drugs and treatments, help ensure the safety of drugs, there are no other testing alternatives, and it provides an opportunity to examine a complete life cycle.
claim 2- Drugs that pass animal tests are not necessarily safe. Evidence - For example, the 1950s sleeping pill thalidomide, which caused around 10,000 babies to be born with severe deformities, was tested on animals prior to its release. That was tests on pregnant mice, rats, guinea pigs, cats, and hamsters did not result in birth defects unless the drug was at extremely high doses.
Frogs are the most common to be dissected but other popular animals are pigs and cats; many animals rights groups and common people disagree with these practices. PETA, an organization trying to end animal testing points out, “Classroom dissection desensitizes students to the sanctity of life” (Berlatsky). In other words, PETA believes students dissecting animals can make them think it is normal to cut open a live or dead creatures body and look inside
According to a study conducted by the Human Society International in 2015, “Over 115 million animals – mice, rats, dogs, cats, rabbits, monkeys, birds, among others – are killed in laboratory experiments worldwide for chemical, drug, food, and cosmetics testing every year” (“About Animal Testing”). Our society is full of violence and brutality, but while humans are able to have rights, to defend ourselves, and to ask for help, animals do not have such choices. Cruelty to animal is an act of violence or neglect committed against animals by humans, regardless of whether the act is against the law. Animal abuse can take many different forms, such as abandonment, scientific research, and mistreatment. Besides, animal cruelty also includes animal neglect of the failure to provide for the well-being of an animal.
Animal testing, or animal research, is the use of animals in scientific tests to determine the safety of substances for humans. It is estimated that about 100,000- 200,000 animals are mutilated and/ or slaughtered for cosmetic, drug, food, and chemical testing. “Over 100 million animals are burned, crippled, poisoned, and abused in US labs every year.” Although this fact is dispiriting when you really think about it, there is a plethora of animal testing benefits.
(www.animal-testing.procon.org, 4 of 7). In addition, there are many products that were tested on animals to see if it works well on humans too but they do not have the same reaction. For example, “Amrinone used of this drug for treating heart failure led to 20% of patients despite a comprehensive program of animal studies in mice, rats, hamsters, guinea pigs, dogs and rhesus monkey, some of these humans patients died” (www.choosecrueltyfree.org, 4 of
A sleeping pill thalidomide caused 10,000 birth effects was tested on animals prior to its release, but it was not until later it was tested on pregnant animals. Researchers found out that to acquire the best result they had to give the animal a very high dose to obtain the same results to relate the birth defects in people. When researcher tested the arthritis drug Vioxx it results on animal testing were that it affected the hearts of mice. When Vioxx was disturbed to the public, it caused more than 27,000 heart attack and sudden cardiac deaths before it was removed from stores
In the United States alone, an estimate of 100 million animals are used for testing and in European countries over 12 million animals are sacrificed each year for testing. Out of that large number, up to 90 percent are not counted in the official statistics of animals tested. 92 out of every 100 tests that pass in animals fails in humans and that number has increased 86 percent since 1985. It is not a very sufficient way of study because the results are often not accurate and at least 16 million dollars is spent each year. This research method is not effective
Animal Experimentation: Is it Beneficial? Animal testing, otherwise known as vivisection has been around prior to the 19th century, in fact, in 1973 there was already a total of over 1,500,000 animals being experimented on. Britain was the first to stand up against animal testing, stating that it was cruel in 1876 with the Cruelty to Animals Act. America on the opposing hand, launched an animal testing boom in the first quarter of the twentieth century when cosmetic animal testing began when totals reached over 1,300,000 animals tested. The animal testing controversy has been a big one, it is no way beneficial to society nor is it humane for animals.
Household cats kill approximately 5 million animals every week – more than the total number of animals used in medical research every year. Yes, sometimes animals may be killed in research but that number doesn 't even compare to the number killed in the environment. “Animal research and testing has played a part in almost every medical breakthrough of the last century. It has saved hundreds of millions of lives worldwide...”
Registered Nurses and the Neonatal Specialty On August 7, 1963, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, was born 5 ½ weeks premature [37 weeks]. He weighed 4 pounds 10 ½ ounces, but succumbed 39 hours after birth to “hyaline membrane disease, now known as respiratory distress syndrome [RDS]” (James 1). Today, this baby would have lived.