This would seem to indicate that any nurse is potentially at risk for making a medication error (Mayo et al. 2004). Prevention of medication errors is linked to accurate reporting of medication errors. Reporting medication errors is dependent on individual nurse’s decision making. Medication errors are typically reported through institutional reporting systems such as incident reports (Wakefield et al.1996).
Medication error is not something new in healthcare service. Researchers had identified medication error is the high numbers of incidents involving nursing practice. Thus, a proper and well designed organizational system should be in place for the process of administration of medication to minimize and prevent errors. Medication happens when there is a failure in the system. To my surprise when I did the write up for this paper I had came across many clinical practice guidelines on medication safety.
Administration and Near-Miss Medication Errors in Nursing Introduction This assignment will be reviewing two peer-reviewed articles. The first article is written by Colleen Claffey and titled, Near-Miss Medication Errors Provide a Wake-Up Call. Lily Thomas titles the second article, Impact of Interruptions, Distractions, and Cognitive Load on Procedure Failures and Medication Administration Errors. Each journal article discusses medication errors within the administrative perspective along with the prescription that was prescribed. Similarly, both of the articles have comparative themes in addition to opposing themes.
The study found out that in every three adverse drug effects caused by medication errors, one of them occurs by a nurse medication administration. Additionally, In the US, annual estimated cost of drug caused morbidity and mortality is above $ 1.56 billion. Adverse drug effects caused by medication errors is rated to be between 3% and 28% of all the hospitalizations in the US. In another study done by Wakefield et.al investigating nurses perceptions on the causes of medication errors shows that error at administration was 56.4%, documentation error of 87.5% (the majority), technique error of 73,1% and time error of 53.6%. As it turns out, error in documentation is the most dominant found in the
As a general public, the prescription is continually changing so are the approaches to manage a medical error. Numerous relate medical errors to serious cases that lead to death, while these cases are clear as yet inconspicuous cases that society does not see. These cases are some that leave the patients incapacitated or all the sicker. Errors happen both inside and outside of healing centers, and these errors cost around $37.6 billion according to the book “Medical Errors”. The Massachusetts State Board of Registration in Pharmacy evaluated that 2.4 million medicines are filled inaccurately every year.
International Journal of Medical Informatics, 84(5), 308–318. doi:10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2015.01.018 Running Head: Annotated bibliography 3 The specific aims of this journal are cultivate strategies to a methodology and tools, which is for clinical decision support systems in order to reduce the occurrence of medication administration errors. Moreover, the writers revealed there is seemed undervalue their necessity for support to the medication administration decision support tools by nurses’ evaluation as well as their actual performance. Navas, H., Graffi Moltrasio, L., Ares, F., Strumia, G., Dourado, E., & Alvarez, M. (2015). Using mobile devices to improve the safety of medication administration processes.
It is estimated that for every adverse drug event that occurs in a hospital, adds over 8,000 to the hospital stay (Institute of Medicine, 2006). One of the essential components in reducing medication error is a collaborative partnership with the patient and healthcare providers to facilitate communication. Patient education regarding risks, side effects, drug interactions and contraindications must be thoroughly reviewed with the patient (Institute of Medicine, 2006). The use of technology for prescribing, dispensing and to obtain detailed information regarding
REVIEW OF LITERATURE Benjamin DM: according to him reducing medication errors and improving patient safety have become common topics of discussion in United States. Federal and state legislators, the insurance industry, pharmaceutical companies, health care professionals, and patients are worried about the error scenario in the country. According to him improving the judicious use of medications and minimizing adverse drug reactions have always been key areas of research and study for people working in clinical pharmacology, added to the older terms of adverse drug reactions and rational therapeutics, the now politically correct expression of medication error has emerged. The word error has drawn attention to another term "prevention" and all
Abstract This reflective paper imposes that nurses, including me, need to be able to make drug calculations and correct medication administration. A medication error serves as leading medical cause of patient’s safety or even its life. As a result, correct medication administration should be a focus of nursing education. Nursing students including myself have difficulty learning math calculation skills which relate to medication. Evidence-based resources/books are available to prevent medication error, strategies to be used to ensure correct medication administration and high alert medication require extra caution when administering can improve the student nurse’s ability to think analytically and solve medication administration problems.