Fingerprints are taken as the important measure for uniquely identifying a person. In general there are four types of representations schemes which are used to represent a fingerprint. They are phase image, grayscale image, minutiae image and skeleton image. Among these minutiae templates are safer to be stored in database because they lose many features of original fingerprint, so they cannot be misused. Our project deals with reconstruction of fingerprint image efficiently from minutiae templates.
DNA fingerprinting is a technique that simultaneously detects lots of minisatellites in the genome to produce a pattern unique to an individual, as shown in the image below. DNA fingerprinting is also used to establish paternity, which can be important in finding the origin of the individuals through DNA and identifying the bloodlines of the DNA profile, which has occurred through evolution. Cited from GeneEd, (U.S. National Library of Medicine. Genetics, Education, Discovery). DNA profiles is very important in cloning as it will be used to identify or study an individuals private DNA sample, which can be positive in the study but negative in their privacy.
Since it is exceedingly touchy, any type of pollution of the specimen by even follow measures of DNA can deliver deluding results. Also, to make primers for PCR, some earlier sequence information is required. Subsequently, PCR can be utilized just to recognize the appearance or non-appearance of a known pathogen or gene. Another restriction is that the primers utilized for PCR can anneal non-specifically to sequences that are comparative, yet not totally the same, to target DNA. In addition, wrong nucleotides can be fused into the PCR sequence by the DNA polymerase, yet at a low rate.
The potential to bring out the complex outline and to automatically control such topological changes is the greatest advantages of this technique. Some of the topological changes are splitting and merging. The LSM comes under the category ACMs (Active Contours Model) whose foundation is built on Eulerian framework. Eulerian framework is defined as representation of geometric pattern of the active contour rather than expressing in terms of parameters. A huge literature is devoted to brain segmentation from MRI data.
For one, when an image of an object is inverted, one can still identify the object clearly unlike face recognition where one could only identify the person in the image if the face is upright. This is because the temporal lobe in the brain cannot process the face of the person when as face recognition is dependent on distinctive relational features (http://www.psychology.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/NZJP-Vol252-1996-2-Pullan.pdf). When the texture and shading of the face are erased through negative, it makes the face harder to recognise due to “disruption of shape-from-shading or to a disruption of pigmentation, or both” (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0042698999001091). Without pigmentation, textures and shading, the fusiform face area does not have the ability to process the face as face recognition needs to be processed holistically while object recognition does not process holistically so without any of the aforementioned cues it will not affect the recognition of the object. Moreover, the dimensions of the face change will affect how one perceives the face because a slight change to the face will affect the face being processed.
Forensic imaging, particularly MRI technology is crucial in determining the cause of death in forensic pathology. There are a few main techniques for forensic imaging, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT), and conventional radiography. The PMCT is generally used for gunshot wounds, detection of gas embolism, trauma cases, and changes in the skeletal system. Some advantages of this technique are that it is fast, easy to handle, good three-dimensional reconstruction, excellent visuals of the skeletal system and gases in the body. However, it is not without disadvantages like how it uses radiation, meaning companies must protect their employees, it has limited data storage, limited visualization of soft tissue and employees must go through extensive training to be authorized to operate it.
Although cloning animals and humans can have many advantages, the risks and ethical dilemmas are greater than the benefits. In order to allow cloning research to be conducted safely and prudently, more mandatory regulations must be put in place. There are two main types of artificial cloning which could be useful if they were regulated. Artificial cloning includes therapeutic cloning and reproductive cloning. Therapeutic cloning uses a person’s own cells to make new bodily systems or organs.“Embryos are often used for therapeutic cloning, because they have the ability to transform and grow into any type of organ and cell,” (“Pros and cons,” 2013, para.
The past of biometrics includes the identification of people by distinctive body features, scars or a grouping of other physiological criteria, such like height, eye color and complexion. The present features are face recognition, fingerprints, handwriting, hand geometry, iris, vein, voice and retinal scan. Biometric technique is now becoming the foundation of a wide array of highly secure identification and personal verification. As the level of security breach and transaction scam increases, the need for well secure identification and personal verification technologies is becoming apparent. Recent world events had lead to an increase interest in security that will impel biometrics into majority use.
The Good View Cynthia Wardlow Marc Gewin MED 1140 Virginia College Abstract I am going to elaborate the different debates and/or discussions regarding Electronic Medical Coding: contrasting and comparing today’s recent technologies and the many ways it has transpired the medical field. The Good View Inputting information electronically can make health care less expensive and more efficient. It can also improve the quality of care towards patients by providing quick access to data and information. Quick and precise care can promote positive reviews and rapport for future patients. Medical records software now guaranteed to make labor at ease providing Doctors with a range of capability to capture and store data.
Today, arguments for and against the use of DNA have surfaced. DNA profiling is the technology that uses the individual’s DNA characteristics. Each human has his own DNA, comprising 99.9% of the same DNA but scientists have found the remnant 0.1% difference. One of its benefits is that scientists are using this crucial distinction to find criminals from bodily fluid samples, hair, skin and other parts of the body. (sciencemuseum, 2016) DNA also has another advantageous application; it is used to find biological family relationships.
A biometric safe uses one of many different techniques for determining that you are the safe owner. A common option is a safe that uses your fingerprints to determine your identity. Other options include voice recognition, face or iris recognition, or even your DNA. A safe that uses
The quality of the baseline can be measured with logs, configured locally, or configured to send information to a central logging server. With that and related runtime information, we identify a baseline system state. In addition, IDS tools such as Tripwire to help protect the integrity of that baseline system. Tripwire is a complete security configuration management solution. It not only audit changes and ensure system integrity, but also assess all IT configurations against known benchmarks, security standards and best practices.
Describe how a technician would collect a fingerprint from a weapon that could possibly have touch DNA on it as well as fingerprints. How would you collect the possible DNA? Which would you collect first? As we go about our day we inadvertently leave behind our unique friction ridge impressions in items we come in contact with. Within those impressions, sebaceous secretions, eccrine sweat and apocrine sweat reside on our pores containing our individualized DNA.