Jean Savarin, a French lawyer and politician once said “tell me what you eat, and I will tell you who you are”. The food that is digested in our bodies influences the activity levels, mood, and health of our bodies. A majority of the food that is sold today is tampered with in laboratories changing the chemical makeup of the substance. This is known as genetic engineering or breeding of the organism. I. GMO, or genetically modified organisms is when a gene of an organism is biologically transferred to another organism changing its characterization.
Argumentative Essay of The Bann Genetically Modified Products Tremendous increases in the world’s population have led to the shortage of the food supplies. In such situation Genetically Modified products might help to fulfill the needs. According to Bertheau and Davison, “The United States grows 55% of GM crops, followed by Argentina (19%), Brazil (10%), Canada (7%) and China (4%)” (2012, p.4). That shows how GMOs production is spreading throughout the continents. Many people don’t know the difference between organic products and genetically modified products.
A genetically modified organism, commonly referred to as a GMO, is an organism whose genetic makeup has been altered using genetic engineering. The general reason that GMOs were created was to attempt to get an organism to display new/different traits. Other reasons include modifications to keep pests and diseases away from the plant, modifications to improve the plant's ability to live in a certain area, as well as modifying an animal, such as chickens, so that they have more meat than they would normally have. These are just a few of many different reasons. One thing that most, if not all, of the reasons for GMOs are for the betterment of the organism as well as the human race.
Cite specifics. (300+ words - 10 points) I personally haven’t not really pay attention to what contain in food before. And I hadn’t heard of GMO until I read chapter 3 lecture. It is shocking to me to see the statistic from the lectures PowerPoints, videos, and articles. GM food first introduced into the food industry in 1996.
Genetic modification is the manipulation of genes through gene isolation, modification of genes so that they function better, preparation of genes that are inserted into new species, and transgene development. Deoxyribonucleic acid, DNA, is the genetic information of any organism and carries the genetic instructions for all the characteristics that makes up that particular organism. Changes that occur in an animal’s genetic makeup can be passed along to the next generation of animals. Technology has been used in plants and microorganisms. There are numerous pros and cons when dealing with genetically modified animals (Ormandy, Dale, & Griffin, 2011).
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism whose genome or genetic characteristics have been modified or changed by a technique known as genetic engineering so that its DNA contains one or more genes that do not occur naturally in the organism. The most common of all the GMOs are the genetically modified foods, which have sparked a widespread debate as to whether or not GMOs are beneficial or harmful to human health and the environment. The human population has developed more concern as to what foods they eat and what the dangers of these foods might be and, as a result, has become increasingly aware of the prevalence of genetically modified foods in the modern world. A study by the National Academies of Sciences in 2015 showed that awareness of the term “genetically modified foods” has increased to 69% in 2014 from 61% in 2012. As a result, more and more debates and information regarding GMOs have recently become available.
Genetic engineering is the direct manipulation of an organism’s genes using biotechnology to produce a specific outcome. Genetic engineering includes adding, removing and replacing genes, as well as inserting genes from other organisms. DNA that is changed during genetic engineering is called recombinant DNA. Organisms that have recombinant DNA are known as recombinant organisms. As biotechnology, or the tools used in genetic engineering, has advanced, ethical debates concerning the benefits and pitfalls of genetic engineering have arisen.
Technological advancements in the scientific field have led to the advent of genetic engineering, including the genetic modification (GM) of food that may hold the key to the solution of many existing problems like food shortage, world hunger and genetic diseases. Uzogara (2000) state that the intentional attempt to alter the genetic make-up of plants or animals is known as genetic modification. Scientists have shown the potential benefits that those genetically engineered crops can bring about such as increased shelf-life in Flavr Savr Tomato and pest-resistant Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) corn, which are said to benefit the producers. From the consumers’ point of view, what matters most is the health benefits that genetically engineered crops will bring about, which wild-type food crops may not be able to do.
Pesticides promoted as "green" are not 100% safe. Many pesticides used in organic farming are safer than common chemicals, and it is important to be careful every day when we contact. Environmental Protection Company companies do not allow pesticide labels to "green" or "toxic". The balance of GREEN REVOLUTION Four decades after Indian farmers started producing pesticides and fertilizers, they had second thoughts about change. In 2008, researchers at the Punjab University found 30% of DNA damage in Indian farmers, who were treated with herbicides and pesticide plants.
BIOTECHNOLOGY is the use of living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2). IMPORTANCE OF BIOTECHNOLOGY Application in modern era includes the field of genetic engineering. It is the usage of this technology to culture cells and tissues for the modification living organism for human purposes. By this, the importance of biotechnology in agriculture increases the crop production which makes it double or even higher than normal harvest.