Through urbanization, modernization, and global energy demands, people abuse the natural environment for the advancement of the human race. Most humans utilize the environment for their benefit only and lack the decency to show respect or concern for their surroundings. Duke Energy, one of the largest energy suppliers in the United States, serves as the major energy source, substantial employer, and economic contributor for North Carolina. Headquartered in Charlotte, North Carolina, Duke Energy provides power to approximately 7.5 million customers throughout the Southeast and Midwest (“Duke Energy”). However, Duke Energy’s coal ash waste ponds are creating disastrous environmental effects (“Coal Ash Contaminates”).
Bituminous coal is formed when a sub bituminous coal is imperiled to increased levels of organic metamorphism. It has a carbon content of between 77% and 87% on a dry ash free basis and a heating value that is much higher than lignite or sub bituminous coal. On the basis of volatile content, bituminous coals are subdivided into low volatile bituminous, medium volatile bituminous, and high volatile bituminous. Bituminous coal is often mentioned to as "soft coal"; however, this designation is a layman's term and has little to do with the hardness of the rock. Anthracite Anthracite is the highest rank of coal.
Burning fossil fuels is harming planet Earth, without the existence of this planet no human would have lived the life we are taking for granted. Planet Earth is providing us with scarce resources some are renewable and some are non-renewable. Fossil fuels are non-renewable and are very useful however they are causing pollution, which is resulting in Global warming. Burning fossil fuels can be done in more than one way for example the cars we drive everyday to get us transported or all the industries that are releasing smoke from their chimneys. Industry owners are against the fact of burning less fossil fuel, as they will lose profit.
Earth’s heat is being constantly replenished. The Earth’s heat mostly originates from the radioactive decay of elements such as uranium. This make the geothermal energy more useful than oil and coal energy. Both coal and oil are nonrenewable and contain the most CO2, which is considered the largest contributor of global warming. Even though there are some limitations for geothermal energy, there are a lot more advantages for geothermal energy than its disadvantages which is high
Chevron, a multinational energy corporation has estimated that the human population which fuels energy demand to increase by 25 percent in the following 20 years. Some of the reasons why energy demand is increasing is because the energy sources are scarce and non-renewable. When the energy sources are low, the demand for energy increases, which leads to inflation, the sustainable rise of prices. The prices of energy are increasing up to 8 times the rate of job earnings. The household energy bills have increased by 4%.
In Addition, many economic details were relevant with the the quantity of both coal and corn. A scene in the beginning of the film presents Scrooge as he harshly addresses Bob Cratchit because he burns out the coal to keep warm and he doesn't approve because coal is highly expensive. In England during the 1700’s, Coal was very expensive until the industry took effect in the 1800’s and factories replacing coal with Coke, a much more efficient and cheaper material during that time. During the time prior to Industrialization and during industrialization, coal productivity increased by 18%. England being one of the most dominant countries during that era and also a very wealthy country only led it to be the main seller of manufactured goods.
These resources are depleting; some sources believe that an energy crisis is to ensue. The energy crisis itself is in question as some scientist don’t believe it will happen and others believe it will. Most scientists do agree however that some form of energies should be replaced as it is dirty and the cost of production of things like coal and oil will increase as it may become harder to find, or harder to mine. Not all energy is considered clean energy, there are multiple problems with burning resources like pollution and its effect on the environment and the areas around the plants or mining operations. The idea of some of the nonrenewable resources depleting imposes a question of how to sustain the current amount of energy needed to run everything that’s dependent upon electricity.
A number of advanced coal combustion technologies have been developed to improve the efficiency of power generation from coal. New technologies for efficient combustion of coal reduces emissions of CO2 and other pollutants such as NOx, SOx and particulates. LITERATURE REVIEW Coal fuels more than half of Americans use electricity in this country. The United States has the largest recoverable in the world-more often than the oil reserves or domestic natural gas reserves. While Duke Energy power generation has its roots in hydropower, coal units in the 1920s continued, as the demand for electricity, homes, businesses and industries flourished.
Although, in modern mining, miner death per year is approximately 30 (Respiratory Protection in Coal Mines, 2012), people still afraid of nuclear more than the other energy resources. Nuclear energy is the most controlled and regardful energy resource. People afraid of nuclear, people afraid of radiation. However, radiation exists everywhere on planet. Just forget about planet, radiation is closer to people than they thought.
This spikes carbon in the atmosphere and makes green house gas levels go up. “27 percent of 2015 greenhouse gas emissions – Greenhouse gas emissions from transportation primarily come from burning fossil fuel for our cars, trucks, ships, trains, and planes.” (EPA.gov). Every year almost a third of the
So, where do these carbon come from? In the industrial revolution, it was mainly coal. From that point on coal usage increased, it takes up almost half of the total emission in the world in 2013, though new “non-renewable” sources were found and used constantly, such as oil burning. "In 2013, coal burning was responsible for 43% of the total emissions, oil 33%, gas 18%, cement 5.5%, and gas flaring 0.6%." (“Global Carbon”) It is really surprising that coal burning is still the world leading source for generating power.
It is fair to say that most would not want to live in a world without electricity, but if society cannot agree on an energy to use, this imaginary world could become a very real way of life. “Citizens and community members everywhere are seeking smart solutions to our biggest problem - the ecological collapse” (“Top 10 Pros and Cons” 1). The United States’ economy has been fueled by fossil fuels since the Industrial Revolution in the 1800s. Then, the early 1900s introduced a new, versatile source, oil. Through the 1950s, most Americans viewed rapid economic growth and high consumer spending as positive trends but this prosperity was fouling air and water and damaging natural resources.
The National Mining Association reported that in 2009, 55.4 percent of Maryland’s electricity came from it. It is the dirtiest fossil fuel by nature and when it is burned, it emits greenhouse gas carbon dioxide and other air pollutant which creates smog. The Union of Concerned Scientist said that “Burning coal is also a leading cause of smog, acid rain, and toxic air pollution.” According to the US Energy Information administration, in 2013, Maryland 's Port of Baltimore was the second in the nation to export coal. Maryland energy consumption on coal was estimated at 183.2 trillion
at that time. CONSOL Energy and Murray American Energy had the most longwall mining operations with 6 being the amount. Two CONSOL Energy mines in Pennsylvania hold the number 1 and 2 positions for the amount of production. The amount of coal produced by longwall mines in the U.S. in 2013-2014 according to Coal Age was a total of 188,037,970 (2013) and 207,060,161 (2014). In some states and regions, coal mining is the backbone of the economy and income.