“Voting ensures that our system of government is maintained and individual voices are clearly heard by elected officials.” For instance, this responsibility was set to be a guide law to citizens for them to understand the importance of voting. This is because, leaders are most of the time referred to people who are cause of different problems. Therefore, since they are the ones who can elect a good leader, then should understand the importance of their involvement. In addition to this responsibility, Americans are responsible to respect and obey federal, state, and local laws (US Citizenship and Immigration Service, n.d). This is a complement to the first responsibility.
Allowing the people to have a say in what happens throughout the country, is a specific example the Roman Republic introduced. This had illustrated the thought of democracy, which describes the civilization’s government. The Roman Republic was truly democratic, as it was consisted of an Assembly that passed laws as voted by society, a civilization where every male citizen and free slave could vote, and an Empire where you could legislate. Therefore, having the exclusive ability to assembly and pass legislations is by far the strongest reason why, in pure and truthful terms, the Roman Republic was truly characterized as a
Barnett explains that constitutional law governs the role and powers of the institutions within the state and with the relationship between the citizen and the state. At any point in time, the constitution manifests the moral and political values of the people it governs. It deals with the rights and privileges of the individuals and the state. Around the world, two dominant types of constitutional law are found, where the determining factor is whether constitution is written or unwritten. Classical constitutional legal theory suggests that the power of a parliament is omnipotent or sovereign when there is no written constitution, which is important to understand legislative
A democracy is a system of government that gives the people the power to govern. This can either be done directly, where citizens actively participate in the decision making of the country, or indirectly through elected representatives. The purpose of the democratic process is to protect the interests of all citizens of a country. In order to do so, every citizen in the country needs a medium through which to express his political opinion to defend his interests. This is the role of political parties.
In the Preamble of the Constitution, written by Thomas Jefferson and signed by others, our Founding Fathers believed that in order to maintain a stable country a constitution needed to be established. The preamble stated that: "We the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America." These six elements were important for establishing our nation. According to our Founding Fathers, they wanted a "more perfect union" which meant that both state and federal governments would have
Systems of government are ensured to maintain structure in order for nations to develop significantly. Various systems are supported by different political principles, ideologies and distinctive ways of leading a civilization. Governments are formed to provide economic security for the welfare of their inhabitants and protect people’s rights. (Oak) Republicanism and absolute monarchy are examples of two contrasting systems due to their own strengths and weaknesses. Burkina Faso accepted a parliamentary republic but recently faced civil political tensions.
Singapore’s current political system is a democratic society. On paper, it ticks all the boxes of what makes a democratic system. It gives citizens the right to vote for the person they feel will best represent the voice of the people and address their needs. It also ensures that people have the freedom of speech and expression as stated in Article 14 of the Constitution of the Republic of Singapore. However, things do not appear to be so straightforward, there definitely is more than meets the eye.
Our western societies are in majority democracies. According to the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, « Respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms and the principle of holding periodic and genuine elections by universal suffrage are essential elements of democracy. » This means that human rights is a right included in democracy. As stated by Lord Bhikhu Parekh “Although free speech is an important value, it is not the only one. Human dignity, equality, freedom to live without harassment and intimidation, social harmony, mutual respect, and protection of one’s good name and honor are also central to the good life and deserve to be safeguarded.
Democracy has long been considered by the modern society as one of the universal values and it has been used as a legitimate decision making method. According to Habermas in Three Normative Models of Democracy (Habermas, 1994), democracy is the institutionalization of the public use of reason jointly exercised by autonomous citizens. Deliberation needs to be freed of power imbalances in order to reach normative consensus based on rationality and equal participation. It is claimed that the goal of deliberate democracy is to achieve a just social order whereas a just social order is the social order which each individual and institution is constrained from committing unjust acts. This essay will argue that, in fact deliberate democracy is not a necessary condition for a just social order.
Paper #1: “What is Wilsonianism?” Wilsonianism or else liberal internationalism has emerged to become a school of thought in International Relations. It advocates the importance of global cooperation within the international system towards the promotion of a liberal world order; conditions such as worldwide free trade along with the liberalization of the world’s economies and the advancement of liberal political systems. In addition, supporters of liberal internationalism are dedicated towards encouraging liberal democracy to emerge globally. The farther of this notion is Woodrow Wilson, who was the first to pursue such ideas in an international level. “Wilson was the first world leader to respect the power of nationalism and try to channel