Pros And Cons Of Cultural Diversity

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According to UNESCO (2014), cultural diversity has come up as a rising issue at the turn of the new century. In the annual report of the UNESCO, the globalization process is seen as one of the reasons for the increase of the migration flows, which leads to trade-offs between preserving cultural identity and promoting cultural dialogue (UNESCO, 2014). In this paper, we analyze the diversity in the society considering the migration process as a main driver for cultural diversities in a nation. The UN convention of migrants defines a migrant as “any person who lives temporarily or permanently in a country where he or she was not born, and has acquired some significant social ties to this country”. An analysis about the migration flows, based on data of the World Bank, highlights that in the period between 2005 and 2010…show more content…
This means that countries with wide range of languages, cultures and knowledge have access to more varied ones than countries with the opposite features. So, such «rich» societies have more creativity, divergent thinking and cognitive flexibility. Furthermore, education leading to high levels of plurilingualism produces and increases not only local linguistic and cultural capital but also knowledge capital that will be exchangeable to other types of capital in the information society (Skutnabb-Kangas, 2002). The pros of diversity (considering migration) can be traced in the context of the labor force. In one of the case studies throughout Holland, improper management of diversity caused the negative impact on communication between and inside business teams. Nevertheless, diversity, which is managed in a proper way increases productivity, number of innovations and improves the decision-making process. For example in Italy, skills and level of income among Italian workers and visitors were also higher in the areas with the greatest

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