: This is one the main points of cultural relativism. Cultural relativism considers cultures and their social codes different and thus forbids one to criticise. This prevents us from criticizing even the less tolerable practices like slavery , female infanticide, or any such practices. In a way cultural relativism provides immunity to such intolerable practices. 2) The legitimacy or validity of any action could be measured by consulting the standards of our society.
Every society has its own unique cultures in which people will have different ideas of moral codes. The diversity of these cultures cannot be said to be correct or incorrect. Every society has independent standards of ethic within their society and these standards are culture-bound. Cultural Relativism has a perception in which rightness or wrongness of an action depends entirely within the bounds of the culture. This theory opposes the belief in the objectivity of moral truth.
While ethical relativism has its advantages because it could create a peaceful society, that is not always the case. Relativism does not accept that certain moral values are universal. Just because cultures differ, that does not mean there are no moral values and norms, like murder or child abuse. Determining what is morally right or wrong is an difficult thing, and each individual has a different belief about it. So, by allowing everyone to follow their own moral code, it could lead to chaotic society.
It asserts that actions are determined as immoral or moral based on how society perceives and accepts those actions, which causes tolerance of all actions to be considered moral and accepted by society. In addition, it allows for tolerance of genocide and nuclear war as long as the culture considers these actions as morally acceptable. Ethical relativism entails the inter-cultural tolerance. Subjective Ethical Relativism (Subjectivism), is where right and wrong get their meaning from the individual only. As many students sometimes maintain, "Morality is in the eye of the beholder."
Moral Relativism is the view of morality, much like beauty, is relative to the person, culture, or organization. This is because of moral relativism’s take on ethical dilemmas, and the view that there are a number of disagreements among people as to the nature of morality. An act can
There are two different types of relativism Ethical, and Cultural, that rely upon the argument of cultural differences, which have flaws that make the argument unsound. Although cultures throughout the world are distinct from one another, along with their own unique customs, there are set moral rules that every culture follows which plays a big role, in order for society to continue forward. Cultures are very different as described by James Rachels in “Morality Is Not Relative”. Cultural Relativism means that there are no set moral codes due to the fact that distinct cultures have distinct ideas when it comes to morals. For example, Rachel's supports his argument, by using multiple ways different people lived.
Culture is what ignites what can be defined as good or bad, what is immoral or moral in a society. These views of normal actions and abnormal actions differ from culture to culture. Cultural relativism is therefore considered verification that these societies vary in their moral codes, standards, and laws of society. It is considered that morality is dependent on a culture. which brings forth the idea that since there are diverse cultures there is also diversification in what is considered right or wrong in every society, mainly to events and
Philosophy 2200C Taylor Pearl Paper #1 The Cultural Differences Argument for Moral Relativism In this paper I will be discussing the theory of the Cultural Differences Argument for Moral Relativism and also the flaws this theory holds. First I will explain the general idea of Moral Relativism, followed by two examples of cultural differences that are often cited to further explain this theory. After that I will discuss what the Cultural Differences Argument is for Moral Relativism. Next I will describe the logical flaw with the theory of CDA, followed by one example that, with using the same logic that CDA uses, will show this theory as misleading. Finally I will make clear if the logical defect of CDA proves if the theory is false or not.
At whatever rate, moral relativism might imply that our morals have reformed, that they have changed over time, and that they are not absolute. There are two points of moral Relativism firstly, its consents for the wide diversity of the culture and practice. It also allows explaining morality of the culture, understanding, knowledge, and modern change in society. Second, ethical
(cheadle, et al., 2005) Some might not agree with them, but yet they should respect others beliefs and way of thinking. An example of cultural relativism would be homosexual. For instance we know that homosexuality have gotten out of the shelves, for them it is right what they are doing, men and men as well as women and women. However, for others that is totally wrong, they dislike to see it, especially in their society. For some cultures it is sin, for others it just not right, yet they need to respect others belief and ideas.