The next key factor of the chapter is the social process theory. This theory considers the social connections and they situations this juvenile may face because of these connections (p. 125). This theory is broken down into the learning theory and the social control theory. The learning theory holds the assumption that delinquents commit crime because they learn from others around them. They find ways to defend themselves because of the acts of others (p. 125).
There are indication that most criminals have a juvenile records in the US, indicating that crime manifests from a tender age. Therefore, to reverse the incidence of crime, it follows that the best strategy is to reduce the criminal orientation in the juvenile offenders as opposed to hardening them and preparing them for criminal careers. The case of the Crossroads Juvenile Center demonstrates the willingness of the juvenile justice systems to make these changes on the children. References Day, S. (2014). Runaway Man: A Journey Back to Hope.
Hebephiles reported being victimized in early adolescence where pedophiles reported being victimized during prepubertal stages. The results that they found relates to the social learning theory in that participant modelling (through direct observation) occurs and the behaviour of the model (adult victimizer) becomes replicated in their adult lives (Bandura, Adams & Beyer, 1977: 126; Greenberg, Bradford and Curry, 1993: 335; Laws and Marshall,
“Crime and Bad lives are the measure of a state’s failure, all crimes in the end are the crimes of the community”- H. G. Wells. The crucial moment of a child’s life is being young. This is because the mind is understanding the differentiation of good and bad. Children are also affected by their parents, since parents behavior acts as a model for a child to pick on. Overall, when a child is living in an impoverished environment and parents are working multiple jobs.
While it is said that juveniles cause problems in the country, there may be an underlying problem that they face that moves them to do the crimes, like the environment where they live in or the influence they got from the people surrounding them. As stated by Senator Santiago (2012), “Criminal Justice should never be a controlling paradigm for children, especially for those who have committed non-heinous offenses. Even in heinous crimes, the intention should still be the child’s restoration, rehabilitation, and reintegration. It is in these cases, where diversion could be utilized to help in the protection and rehabilitation of the child.” Juveniles who have committed crimes in the Philippines should not be penalized because there are plausible reasons why they do the crime, and there is still a chance for them to reform. A child’s reasoning is still developing where he/she still cannot differentiate right from wrong, so there should be underlying problems that moves the child to commit crime.
Types of juvenile delinquency Juvenile delinquency, or offending, can be separated into three categories: delinquency, crimes committed by minors which are dealt with by the juvenile courts and justice system; criminal behavior, crimes dealt with by the criminal justice system, and status offenses, offenses which are only classified as such because one is a minor, such as truancy, also dealt with by the juvenile courts. According to the developmental research of Moffitt (2006), there are two different types of offenders that emerge in adolescence. One is the repeat offender, referred to as the life-course-persistent offender, who begins offending or showing antisocial/aggressive behavior in adolescence (or even childhood) and continues into adulthood; and the age specific offender, referred to as the adolescence-limited offender, for whom juvenile offending or delinquency begins and ends during their period of adolescence. Because most teenagers tend to show some form of antisocial, aggressive or delinquent behavior during adolescence, it important to account for these behaviors in childhood, in order to determine whether they will be life-course-persistent offenders, or adolescents-limited offenders. Although adolescent-limited offenders tend to drop all criminal activity once they enter adulthood, and show less pathology than life-course-persistent offenders, they still show more mental health, substance abuse, and finance problems, both in adolescence and adulthood,
Juvenile Transfer to Adult Court Introduction Children represent the future. They are greatest resources and the hope for a much better tomorrow. In the other side, some people think that youngsters invoke concern, since some kids lack self-control, ethics and morals. Those kids usually ended up in our criminal justice system. There are special courts inside our criminal justice system designed for delinquent juvenile offenders.
Bandura (1973) mentions that these behaviors that continue into adulthood typically act as a coping response to stress or as a method of conflict resolution. It is said that children who are mistreated by their parents and learned aggressive behaviors through social interaction went on to express these behaviors later in life and in their intimate relationships (Ehrensaft, Cohen, Brown, Smailes, Chen & Johnson, 2003). There is no doubt that witnessing and experiencing violence firsthand can increase one’s tolerance for violence and puts one at a greater risk for exhibiting the same behaviors as an adult. The intergenerational transmission of violence hypothesis also shows that childhood experiences from abuse or witnessing domestic
After all, the children represent the nation and coming future of country. The redemption and diagnostic tactics are mainly an important so as for the priority of juvenile delinquency to be addressed. In finding, juvenile delinquents have various disorders. These disorders include delinquent antisocial and oppositional defiant issues among others. When the disorders are diagnosed, it's going to allow the stakeholders to hold the crisis hence to save you the future consequences of sweet sixteen
As seen in Anika Doggett work on “Juvenile Delinquency and family structure” she clearly pointed that, a child will definitely engage in delinquent activities if the family does not succeed in maintaining an excellent communication. According to Wright and Wright (1994) “the family is the foundation of human society”. Thus, Anika Doggett confirmed that those children who are prone to adopt a delinquent behavior are those children who are rejected and neglected by their parents. She also demonstrates that, delinquency also affect those children who live in homes and who experience constant conflict or who are inefficiently controlled. “Families are one of the strongest socializing forces in life.