Ethnocentrism is a major reason for divisions amongst members of different races and religious groups in a society. In international relations, ethnocentrism creates conflicts and inhibits resolution of conflicts. There are extreme forms of ethnocentrism that pose serious social problems such as racism, colonialism and ethnic cleaning. It is difficult to completely prevent ethnocentrism but it can be decreased by raising awareness of it. In general, ethnocentrism has been described as an individual psychological disposition which has both positive and negative outcomes.
Such “inequality traps” (Rao, 2006) are believed to be highly correlated with the unequal distribution of power and are consequently considered an important cause of ethnic conflict and immobility. Communities like Dalits have suffered from multiple historical injustices are not only likely to be economically deprived, but also socially marginalised, politically insignificant in terms of the politics of “voice” as distinct from the “vote,” humiliated, dismissed, and subjected to intense disrespect in and through the practices of everyday life. Even after these
Unstable Politics: Unstable Politics is one of the major reasons of causing ethnic conflict. When certain amount of people want something from GOVT. but doesn’t get this done then this will cause a great deal of disruption between people. And this further leads to ethnic conflict and can cause a huge damage to the country. Human Rights: Human rights is one of the major reasons of causing ethnic conflict.
vernment. The term Devolution is used to describe this process which stands the meaning of transferring of the political power to the subunits. The new federalism involved a shift from the nation centered federalism to state-centered federalism ensuring the fact that the powers of the central government have been limited and it is the states who decide on how to spend the government revenues. 3. Ethnic Violence Ethnic violence within states is now much more common than interstate violence and also tends to be harder to stop .
Ethnic Conflict Ethnic conflict is a term loaded with often legitimate negative associations and entirely unnecessary confusions. The most important confusion is that ethnic conflicts are about ethnicity— ‘ethnicity is not the ultimate, irreducible source of violent conflict in such cases’. It often forms an important part of the explanation, but we do not know of any conflict that can be solely explained by reference to ethnicity, which is itself a hotly contested term. Generally speaking, the term conflict describes a situation in which two or more actors pursue incompatible, yet from their individual perspectives entirely just goals. Ethnic conflicts are one particular form of such conflict: that in which the goals of at least one conflict
Resistance means “refusal to accept something new or different” or it means “effort made to stop or to fight against someone or something” (Merriam-Webster). Social injustice is one of the most serious maladies that each country, whatever it is, is not clear of. It can be observed through the inequality among citizens living within the zone of the same community. A class society is an obvious example that can be the practical part of such concept. Social injustice is a very big term that comprises: political impression, racism, corruption,… and so on.
Since the existence of this country, society has been dealing with so many controversial political and social issues, racism and racial profiling are one of those social problems. Racism is an overpowering, disgusting, and popular act which has been destroying our country. A big issue in our society, is the still existing gap between all kinds of different races. We have known America as a multicultural country and a melting pot for all types of individuals. All the differences in an individual person have some sort of effect in a person’s life, those inequalities disturb opportunities at work, at home, where we live, in politics, etc.
Examining the current political behavior of different nations and the place that the cosmopolitan ideals have globally, Craig Calhoun identifies a negative result that current world politics lead to: “multiculturalism have in the eyes of many liberals been excessive and become sources of domestic divisions and illiberal appeals to special rights for different groups” (Calhoun 6). The great diversity championed by Appiah also creates difficulties to carry out his call for a global world. The call for multiculturalism leads to many targeted policies. A government creating laws that target certain groups place a certain stigma on those groups thus separating them from the rest of the community. This separation solidifies already existing gaps between cultures and people.
THE CONCERTED ETHNIC CONFLICTS BETWEEN GABRA AND DASSANETCH (1983-2011) 4.0Introduction This chapter explores the contextual backdrop of ethnic conflicts by looking at how ethnic conflicts between Gabra and Dassanetch have emerged for years. First, the chapter discusses early colonial migration and their influence on ethnic identities. The chapter also looks at major events in conflicts between the two warring communities and sets to further explain how ethnic conflict has set to become a more prominent security challenge for the region. 4.1 Historical analysis of the Conflict in MarsabitCounty Marsabit County is occupied by many ethnic communities that live through difficult climatic conditions, and has a history of conflicts. The
A strong nexus intertwines ethnicity, politics and conflict in the field of peace and conflict studies as well as other social sciences. In circumstances where ethnicity is at the centre of political mobilisation, ethnic identities have the potential to sabotage peace and unity in a country. According to Kanbur et al., (2009) [include in the bibliography] the connection of conflict to ethnic identity rests on a number of conceptual and methodological issues. They contend that a central issue is the force of ethnicity which is manifested in two ways. Ethnicity is useful in marking individual identity and quite forceful when boundary issues of maintenance and perpetuation threat are encountered (Kanbur et al., 2009).