Pros And Cons Of Ethnic Conflict

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6.1. Summary and Conclusion Inter-ethnic conflict is a conflict by which the primary line of confrontation is ethnic markers. In ethnic conflict whatever the cause, ethnic groups confronted each other with special emphasis to their ethnic identity. Moreover, for inter-ethnic conflict to happen two or more ethnic groups must reside in close proximity with in common political and socio-economic territory. Thus, the existing literatures claimed that multi-ethnic states are more prone to ethnic conflict than homogeneous states. However, it does not mean that ethnic diversity by itself is a source of ethnic conflict. Ethnic differences lead to ethnic conflict when ethnic differences are politicized for personal or group interests. In the contemporary world, ethnic diversity leads to ethnic conflict when ethnic identities are constructed and instrumentalized by different actors. Indeed, the more the society is divided along ethnic lines the more vulnerable to ethnic mobilizations and ethnic conflict. The SNNPRS is an inter-ethnic conflict prone region of Ethiopia due to its multiethnic nature. As different research works indicated, the multi-ethnic regions of Ethiopia are more susceptible to inter-ethnic conflicts. Among the multi-ethnic areas of the region, SAPZ is one of the second most multiethnic Zone having eight major…show more content…
Conflict become destructive when it becomes violent. Due to the violent nature of Alle-Konso conflict, which broke out in the 2011, 2013 and 2014 impacted the local community of the study area. The impact of Alle-Konso inter-ethnic conflict on the study area categorized as: Economic impacts (destruction of economic resources, infrastructures and hindrance to economic activities); social impacts (loss of human life, weakened social relations, disintegration of multi-ethnic families) and political impacts (increased political mistrust and ethnic centeredness in government

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