Eugenics is the science of using artificial selection to improve genetic features of the population. It is thought that improvement of the human race can be seen through sterilization of people who exhibit undesirable traits and selective breeding. Often called Social Darwinism, the concept was widely accepted during the time of World War I. It quickly became a taboo after World War II when Nazi Germany used it as an excuse for genocide. The thought of improving the human race by manipulating who is allowed to breed can either be appalling or compelling. There are a few appealing aspects to the act of eugenics. If eugenics were applied, the world could potentially see a decrease in disease, a rise in intelligence, and heightened physical aesthetic in humans. But, ethically it crosses many boundaries that have prevented this idea from going into world-wide effect in the past.
A benefit to eugenics is it could lead to the reduction of genetic diseases in the gene pool. If anyone who carries the allele for cystic fibrosis or sickle cell anemia is prevented from breeding then there …show more content…
Though eugenics may begin with good intentions, through events such as The Holocaust, one can see how quickly the good intentions can be twisted and turned into something vile and inhumane. It really boils down to the fact that yes, the human race is imperfect. But in that imperfection beauty is found in the diversity as well as progress. If humans were all perfect specimens, there would be no reason to dream or hope for a better tomorrow. The dreamers are the ones who advance society and always have been. No collection of mortal men should be put in charge of who is worthy of reproducing or not. Eugenics was not formally put into effect for a reason. Other routes can be taken to improve the future generations without depriving the living humans of their right to have
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After the fall of the Nazis in the 1940s, eugenics continued to impact the lives of those in the United States negatively up until the 1970s. It was not due to the need to be “superior”, but to be able to control reproduction by increasing the top members and decreasing the lower members. The movement took place mainly in the East Coast during the Progressive Era, reaching its climax in the 1920s and 1930s with immigration control, marriage laws, and sterilization of those who were considered dangerous to the society. Due to the Nazis, their rise to power, and the horrifying Holocaust, it had formed the movements in the United States.
The Eugenics Movement began when Francis Galton wanted to explore if society and culture in a country would excel if the powerful, distinguished genes were to be passed down. Through his theories, he wanted to prove that the human race can be more intelligent and stronger. The overall goal was for those genes to be passed down through generations overtime. Francis Galton was half cousins with Charles
Darwinists in turn, believed biology to be destiny and that if one's ancestors were unfit their children would be as well. Much like in evolution, Spencer assumed that the unfit populations would decline overtime due to their failure to compete, however paranoia led some Americans to speed up this process, introducing eugenics. Eugenics were supposed to improve men, ridding the undesirable traits of the unfit and changing genetic structure to create more fit individuals. The Eugenics movement in America took people of color, the mentally ill or disabled, LGBTQ individuals, and other members of society deemed unfit, and conducted experimentation ranging from forced breeding, involuntary sterilization, or institutionalization on them. Although the movement was eventually stomped out, it violated thousands of
Eugenics is not a thought of morale and is not designed to save the entire human race, just the upper socioeconomic class. In North Carolina, feeble minded individuals were used as subjects for all kinds of genocidal experiments. Feeble minded simply means someone who suffers from an illness or mental deficiency and are often easier persuaded because they think they are getting help when they were really being coerced into becoming a test
Eugenics was a racist pseudoscience the aimed at clearing out all human beings that we regarded as unfit leaving behind only a selected that were conformed to a Nordic stereotype. Sterilization and segregation policies and marriage restrictions were enacted enshrining elements of philosophy. California was among the top five states to adopt such laws by early 1910. This attributed to a substantial number of marriages being barred and thousands of Americans being sterilized. On average about half of coercive sterilizations were done in California before the eruption of World War II in the 1940s.
Chapter 1: How and why eugenics became popular before Nazism "Science would provide an even firmer foundation for morality than religion had"-Ernst Haeckel- Uber die heutige Entwickelungslehre im verhaltnisse zur Gesamtwissenschaft Eugenics is one of the oldest practices our world has, from Pre-Galtonian philosophies famously presented by Plato, to the Nazi regime. The book "The Origin of Species" shock the world with it publication in November 1859 with the famous doctrine of evolution- though this theory had been well known long before this point. Darwin’s theory had led the way to a "radical departure from the traditional ways of grounding morality” (Weikart, (2004) P21) and therefore human nature had been called into question. In the Metaphysics of evolution
Another major concept that was starting to make a push during this period was that in order to practice positive eugenics, negative eugenics also had to be practiced. Muller along with other eugenicists including: Frederick Osborn, William Allan and others believed that the prevention of defective conditions was essential and the base of the movement. They knew the benefits of negative eugenics, including its social acceptability and technological feasibility. Geneticists and scientists now understood the importance of genes and their different
In 1907 Indiana enacted the first law allowing sterilization on eugenic grounds (Lombardo). Merriam Webster Dictionary describes eugenics as a science that deals with the improvement of hereditary qualities of a race or breed. Although these laws are now illegal many people still have the opinions that sterilization is beneficial. These American eugenics ideas helped to give rise to some of the beliefs of the Nazi Empire in Germany in the first half of the 19th century (Lombardo). Diversity is also important because it causes a decreased risk of genetic health problems.
It is impressive that this idea originated from a period of time where there was little knowledge about genes. In conclusion, the idea of eugenics develops during the progressive era and it affect many people during this period of time. This idea of eugenics was where more progress occurs in science. Well not all about the idea of eugenics is bad is has some good points like it can reduce number of babies born with some mental illness or some with really bad illness.
According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, eugenics is: “a science that deals with the improvement (as by control of human mating) of hereditary qualities of a race or breed”. ("Definition of Eugenics by Merriam-Webster") The most common example of this concept would be the Holocaust, which was the extermination of Jewish people and others deemed “unfit” for society in World War Ⅱ. But little do many know, the Nazi’s were not the only people practicing eugenics in the early 1900’s, eugenics was being practiced in the United States long before the Holocaust. The American Eugenics Society aimed to educate American people on the science of Eugenics.
The American Eugenics Society (AES) was first incorporated in the US in 1926 by Madison Grant, Harry H. Laughlin, Henry Crampton, Henry F. Osborn and Irving Fisher with the primary aim of promoting eugenics education programs to the public. Eugenics as defined by the new society is the “study of improving the genetic composition of humans through controlled reproduction of different races and classes of people” (Gur-Arie, 2014). The society shot a good start with 928 members in 45 states, and gained support even from numerous outside countries of which the Philippine Islands was a part of the list (Mehler, 1988). Even before the onset of this new society, eugenic organizations were already roaming and operating in the US that have helped create the new society. These include the Carnegie Institution of Washington in 1904 which created the Experimental Evolution Station at the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory led by geneticists Blakeslee and Davenport which then later recruited connection to the Eugenics Records Office (ERO), and the Galton Society founded by Francis Galton, cousin of Charles Darwin that focused on racial anthropology and
Eugenics is the study of improving the qualities of the human species or the human population, especially by such means where certain people with inheritable undesirable traits are discouraged from reproducing. Eugenics consists of selective breeding, the process
Eugenics or “good breeding” is meant to improve the human race through the gene pool using various methods. Similar to designer babies, the process could be used for good, but like Colin Tudge points out, “…although guns and bombs can be used as agents of peace, [humans] should not be overly surprised when in practice they are used to make war” (Tudge 282). Eugenics can be performed simply by regulating who and who cannot mate. It can also be done by sterilization, a procedure that permanently blocks pregnancy in a woman, which was a reality for many. The most famous account was performed by Germany, specifically the Nazis, during WWII, when 400,000 women were sterilized (Tudge 284).
Eugenics is the improvement of the human population by controlled breeding. With that definition many things can be put under the category of Eugenics. Social Darwinism though, is the opposite of Eugenics. It is a theory that human population is based off of survival of the fittest and natural selection. Nazism is something that can be categorized under Eugenics because the beliefs of Germany during that time period was that the Aryan race was the best and therefore he selected those he believed to be of pure German descent and allowed them to breed and either killed those that he did not want to have children or placed them into concentration camps.
This essay will look more on the advantages and disadvantages of genetic engineering. Genetic engineering has some advantages. Firstly it allows for faster growth rate .Genetic engineering allows of plants or animals to be modified so their maturity can occur at a quicker pace outside of the normal growth conditions that are favourable without genetic changes as well .Secondly, it may also provide a cure for disease to improve health (apecsecadmin, 2014). Genetic engineering can be used to eradicate a number of incurable and deadly disease which could be done by identifying the genes that cause these disease, and manipulate them to prevent people from contracting these potentially deadly diseases.