In Madera High School students on an average mentioned that the staff members in this school did not handle bullying and harassment to the expectations. On average 125 students chose from a scale 1-10 that the school handled bullying and harassment from a 3-5, ten being perfectly handled. A student who was a victim mentioned, “ It made me feel scared and it made me fear interacting with new people. I did not go to someone for help I went to my teacher for help but she did not really help”(Anonymous). This student obviously tried to talk to an adult and explain what she was going through and how severely did bullying affect her. The student clearly lets us know that Maderas High School staff does not know how to act when a teen dealing with bullying comes for help. It is not easy for a teen to open to what its going through the teens mind and this student did
2. A catalytic event: awareness may be catalyzed by a specific event (e.g., the death of an adolescent due to an unsafe abortion) or by an accumulation of ASRH-related observations, such as a rise in school dropouts due to pregnancy. External catalysts such as ASRH programs can often build awareness of ASRH issues, facilitate community dialogue and collective action, and build the capacity of local organisations and individuals to play catalytic and support roles, but can lead to controversy as some may perceive them as negative or foreign to community norms and values.
The city of Memphis is in need of a program that will reduce the amount of gang violence present within the community. The City Council is having a difficult time proposing a program without the essential expertise, that’s where I come in.
Established in 1988, Roca Inc. utilizes an evidence based intervention model to disrupt the cycle of violence and poverty. This program places young at-risk populations on a positive trajectory – those who have entered the criminal or juvenile system, those involved in criminal behaviors, those who may have dropped out of school, or those who have been too difficult for other programs.
Critical Analysis: Chapter 8 Review including NC Professional School Social Work Standards INTRODUCTION This critical analysis will reflect the information parallel in Chapter 8 and NC School Social Workers Professional Standards (4). The reader will be able to better understand the standards as they relate to "societal issues" in schools.
Added to its many awful qualities, Catherine Bradshaw writes in her article, that bullying should be viewed as a public health concern. She highlights the use of PBIS or Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports to apply in schoolwide intervention programs. This is a three-tiered program focusing on three elements: academics, behavioral, and environmental conditions where problems can occur. Schools teach “Be respectful, responsible, and ready to learn”, rewarding those who demonstrate these qualities. Bradshaw also states that PBIS can and should be integrated to support existing anti-bullying preventive
Evidence-based practice is made up of three principles. The first consists of well-researched evidence on why a specific(s) treatment would work for a client. The second part is expressed as clinical experience and ethics in order to distinguish a client’s needs. Lastly, the third principle pertains to the client’s wants and preferences when it comes to providing treatment and services. This practice involves participation from all parties involved, which are, the client, researcher, and also the practitioner.
Over the past few decades, Substance use and abuse among adolescents has continued to be important public health concerns that contribute greatly to morbidity throughout globally. The present essay aimed to investigate the family role in the prevention of substance use in adolescents. For several years, substantial research efforts have been undertaken to understand the epidemiology of substance use and abuse. The knowledge gained from these research studies has been important in understanding and developing effective prevention and treatment approaches. According to various datasets, the prevalence of drug use, alcohol and tobacco increases rapidly
Program interventions are systematic tools used to prevent, educate, or rehabilitate individuals, families, and communities whom are affected by a wide range of social problems. Proving a program intervention is working effectively requires a method to evaluate or measure its successes or failures. Evaluations and measures can be conducted through single or group research designs intended to provide valid and ethical data sets. Research instruments provide guidance in deciding what and how to measure to retrieve reliable results as wells as to avoid treatment fidelity and program drift. (Royse, Thyer, & Padgett, 2010)
In the case of Jessica, Cognitive Based Therapy (CBT), an exploration of relationship and feelings based therapy with a focus on outcomes should be applied. “Cognitive-behavioral therapies (CBTs) have been shown to be efficacious for the treatment of anxiety disorders in children and adolescents” (www.childpsych.com). According to research to examine Cognitive Based Therapy for anxiety in young children, “studies provide the empirical support necessary to make CBT the only psychological treatment identified to date as an evidence-based treatment” (www.effectivechildtherapy.org). CBT as form of treatment is useful as it can be administered through different design formats and settings best meeting the individuals need.
The Perry Preschool Program began in the early 1960s as an early childhood education program in Ypsilanti, Michigan, by the Perry Elementary School. The school was broadly mentioned for its work in supporting deprived African- American children (Youth) whose livelihood was in a undesirable state of affairs and a low socioeconomic status category. Those who met these two criteria only were qualified to join the Perry program. The Children’s cognitive and socio-emotional advancements were widely supported and nurtured through vigorous learning with accounts of both teachers and children interactions playing a key role in embracing children 's educational goals and attainment levels. The cost of the initial program per child was about $17,759 per
Community work is an essential part of social work. It has been defined as “the process of assisting people to improve their own communities by undertaking autonomous collective actions.”(Twelvetrees, 2001) It entails getting the support of communities members to undertake projects or tasks that would be beneficial for the community. In community work, workers “operate as facilitators with people in relation to what those people decide to become involved with.”(Twelvetrees, 2001) It takes special skills to work within communities especially if the community is not very open to suggestions and the issue to be addressed is sensitive. To be effective in community work, it takes a collaborative effort and partnership to bring about changes and advance the community. When working with communities, the planned change model as developed by Kirst-Ashman & Hull (2009) is a tool that can be utilized.
Stevens, K. (2013). The Impact of Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing and the Next Big Ideas. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing Vol. 18 (2). DOI: 10.3912 OJIN.Vol18No02Man04.
Case 1: Louisa is a 25-year-old white woman who has a history of allergies. She has come to the hospital outpatient unit because of a very stubborn and agonizing case of rashes on her hands and arms. The doctors say it may be eczema and are doing more exact tests to be sure. In the meantime, one thing is certain from her case workup: her problem flares up every time she has a breakup in a relationship. The doctors believe there is a strong body/mind/emotional context to her problem. The hospital practices evidence based medicine and ask you to provide an evidence-based decision as to whether your programs could help in this case.