Canadian company TransCanada hopes to build Keystone XL a pipeline that carries Canadian tar sand oil from Canadian border to the Golf Coast. According to Derber “the pipeline extracts some of the dirtiest oil on the planet, a process that sends many polluting chemicals into the ground waters and releases methane, the most potent greenhouse gas, into the air, creating one of the greatest climate threat” (p. 115). A leak from a pipeline carrying the tar sand oil could cause environmental damage and pollute our drinking water and agricultural irrigation. The builders of the Keystone XL Pipeline are wilders. According to Derber, “environmental wilding in the natural environment, such as reckless polluting that causes global warming” (p. 11).
The Article “On Buying Local” has the strongest rhetoric due to the fact that it has more to do with more current events. In “What’s Eating America”, it talks more about what happened in the past. Examples: it talks about the explosives plant making chemical fertilizer in 1947, the 1950’s corn yield, and it also talks about Fritz Harber developing a gas for Hitler. “On Buying Local” it affects all the world young and old and the same could and can be said for the other story as well. The Rhetorical situation is, we need to reduce our carbon footprint.
Those chemicals produced acid that eat up the dirt barrier and eventually burst and contaminated the River. Heavy metals like cadmium, zinc, copper, manganese, iron, lead, arsenic, beryllium, mercury, and aluminum were sent flowing through the Animas River contaminating the land as the yellow water flowed downstream. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) had been monitoring the site and had contracted the cleanup to some private firm. The river has been know to have this chemicals in the water
Why is fracking dangerous? During the fracking process natural gases are realized into the well where they are drilling often contaminating the nearby groundwater with methane gases and chemical toxins. After the fracking process the waste fluid is evaporated releasing volatile organic compounds causes acid rain, contaminated air, and ozone at
“Gasland” is a documentary on natural gas and how its drilling affects people. It really lets you see what these natural gas companies are doing. The toxic fumes and chemicals are ruining people 's lives to the point where some of them are dying. “Gasland” makes you grateful for what you have and how clean it is. Think about having to get your water every day and it was 30-50 miles away.
The Beginning In 1949, fracking was introduced to oil companies as a way to use hydraulic fracturing by creating vertical wells. Fracking is the use of pumping water, proppant, and chemicals down a well that is either gas or oil in order to break channels into rocks that contain these oils or gas. In order to properly obtain these pressure oils, we have to create holes in the thousands of miles of rocks below
There are pros and cons about mountaintop removal that will also be acknowledged. The first two stages of mountaintop removal are clearing and blasting. Before mining can begin, all topsoil and vegetation must be removed. Sometimes, to clear the land of trees, they either burn them or throw them into valleys illegally!
According to Climatecentral.org, “fracking for natural gas used to produce electricity may make Texas more drought resistant as the state shifts from coal power generation to natural gas power generation” (Magill). This could be a major breakthrough for Texas because not only would we produce electricity and save our environment, but we would also save millions of gallons of water. The amount of water we could save by shifting from coal to natural gas plants “is up to 50 times the amount of water lost in fracking to extract the natural gas from underground shale formations. According to the article, “The study’s authors estimate that for every gallon of water used to frack for natural gas, Texas saved 33 gallons of water by using that gas for electricity generation rather than producing the same amount of power with coal” (Magill).
In this essay, the discussion will point to Nile contamination as a controversial issue and highlight some health problems which occur as consequences of using polluted water in Egypt. Likewise, the essay will raise some scientific methods to determine the percentage of heavy metal in water supported by example. Then it will suggest some chemical technical solutions to reduce the percentage of heavy metals in Nile and reuse it again for many purposes.
One of the biggest ones faced by the Central Pacific Company was how to get across the Sierra Nevada mountain range. To conquer this problem, engineers used holes drilled into the rock and filled them with black powder to clear the way (The Transcontinental Railroad, 2012). Once they got into the high sierras black power was not strong enough, and they had to find something more powerful. Nitroglycerin was the solution to their problem. It was illegal to transport nitroglycerin, so what Central Pacific did was hire chemist James Howden to manufacture it on the site as it was needed (The Transcontinental Railroad, 2012).
The United States should illegalize fracking and end it immediately. The fracking process can cause dangerous earthquakes that would not normally happen. It can also contaminate water sources that millions rely on. Finally, fracking does not create as many jobs as other jobs, and natural gas was supposed to be used as a transition fuel between conventional fossil fuels and eco-friendly options, like solar. Fracking is a risky process where the cons outweigh the pros.
Water contamination is one of the most well-known risks caused by hydrofracking, most likely because water is one of the key components of this process. “Each well uses between two and five million gallons of locally-sourced freshwater which will be permanently contaminated” by the toxic chemicals placed into the water during fracking (Fracking: The Dangers). Some of the water returns to earth’s surface and is stored above ground in steel casks. It is finally inserted deep into the ground into “waste wells” (Fracking: The Dangers). Unaccounted water that is not put into waste wells may stay underground; however, its chemicals can make their way into the water supply of the surrounding areas which causes contamination.
Hydraulic Fracturing, otherwise known as fracking is the process of injecting large amounts of sand, water, and other chemicals into the shale rocks deep beneath the ground in order to flow natural gas back onto the surface of the well. This process was invented in the early 1900s, and has been controversial ever since. There are two sides to the debate, one being that fracking is known to be horrible for the environment. Fracking has caused families to need to be displaced, and emitted thousands of toxic chemicals into the air causing major public health issues. At the same time, fracking has reduced the reliability on coal, which is known to be horrible for the environment; it has also brought hundreds of thousands of gallons of natural gas
The main way that oil and natural gas reserves are acquired are through the means of Fracking. Also known as hydrofracking, this method utilizes a drill that drills down thousands of feet underground, which is then flushed with millions of gallons of water along with additive chemicals at high pressures to break the rocks sheltering the reserves. This method of attainment is quite risky as it comes with many unfavorable consequences that are quite unbeneficial. Like fossil fuel plants, fracking also releases greenhouse gasses like methane(Potential Health and Environmental Effects of Hydrofracking in the Williston Basin, Montana), which is worse than carbon dioxide and causes air pollution. Alongside that, pollutants like Benzene and Xylene also leak out during the fracking process, which is known to cause serious health conditions and even death in some cases due to the long exposure to the pollutants(Potential Health and