Fracking is a process that is now using a huge sum of the water that is available for human and animal consumption. Fracking wells are being built in rural areas where many of these areas have low water availability already. As large amounts of water are needed and fracking is usually done in areas where water is scarce, water needs to be transported and stored. For the storage of this water, large pits called impoundments
Why Hydrofracking Shouldn’t Be Our Main Source Of Energy Hydrofracking wells are drilled at a depth between 6,000 and 10,000 feet! It is where all the deepest and weirdest looking fishes in the seas live. But if you look at it in other ways, will the planet be injured because of how deep the wells are drilled, causing the seismic activity to increase? Basically, hydrofracking is a technique in when large amounts of water, combined with smaller amounts of chemicals and sand, are pumped under high pressure into a drilled gas well. Later on, they suck back the water so that the pressure will be released, then the gas will leak out of the cracks of the stone wall and be absorbed back into the pipes.
Hydraulic fracturing, otherwise known as “fracking,” by definition, means the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground thousands of feet deep, at a high pressure; in order to fracture shale rocks to release the natural gases inside (Schrope n.d.). A more adequate explanation on to why we perform the method of “fracking” is that it is an easier process to obtain the natural gases inside the rocks. These natural gases are used for many sources of energy throughout the world. Natural gases have also been proven to be more cleaner and more efficient source than coal. The process of fracking involves drilling through deep wells into the shale rocks which breaks up the rock shales releasing these natural gases.
Despite the opinions from both sides, the question still stands, should fracking be used to release oil and natural gas?One of the main reasons people want fracking to stop is because it releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, but fracking is actually better for the environment than coal mining. Source 1 states, “Shale gas emits half the carbon dioxide per unit of energy as does coal, and coal burning also emits metals such as mercury into the atmosphere that eventually settle back into our soils and waters.”. Fracking does less damage to the atmosphere than coal mining but yet people are trying to put an end to fracking. If America is powers their homes, cars, etc. through natural gases, coal mining will no longer be necessary and America can slow down global warming a little bit more.People who live near fracking sites are worried about the possibilities of water contamination due to the chemicals used to break apart the bedrock.
Thesis statement The benefits of natural gas hydraulic fracking do not justify the adverse effects it causes through continuous earthquakes, pollution of the water table, or potential health hazards to human populations. This subject is interesting to me because I work for a natural gas company. I have had many conversations with other employees regarding natural gas fracking, and most of them are biased to the views of the drilling companies which means they do not see any harm in it. There also used to be companies fracking for natural gas in Arkansas on the Fayetteville Shell. The number of small earthquakes did rise (3.0 or smaller), but there was nothing resulting in a large amount of devastation.
1. Introduction 1.1 What is hydraulic fracturing? Hydraulic fracturing (fracking) is the process of drilling down into the earth’s surface, followed by a high-pressure water mixture, which is directed at the rocks to release the gas and oil that is inside of them. Furthermore water, sand, chemicals and other substances are injected into the rock at a high pressure, in order to allow the gas in the rock to flow out and up to the top of the fracking wells. The process of fracking allows humans to extract the colorless, shapeless and odorless gas and oil when it is in its original form, which is later on used for electric power, in industries, in vehicles and in other important worldwide makings.
Wells can hold millions of gallons of water. Fracking does not have its own separate line of water; therefore, the workers in charge of the fracking use the water local communities use. All of the drilling going around in local communities are making people feel like they are living in an industrial area instead of a normal neighborhood, and this is affecting the quality of life people are living. Another reason why fracking lowers the quality of life is that fracking is slowly destroying family’s homes. One family affected by fracking says, “The tranquility was ruptured by the staccato tapping of one of her stained-glass sun catchers against the window.” The tapping this family was hearing was vibrations coming from a fracking site.
As being a child in the oilfield community for all of my life so far, the constant exposure has given unexplainable knowledge that I never actually strived for. I’ve known the process of practically it all, and I’m here to tell you, fracking and water disposal do not cause earthquakes in the extreme that is being spoken of all over the country. Fracking is the process of drilling into the earth with a high pressure water mixture of different chemicals and brine to be directed towards shale rock to eventually release the natural gas inside and below the rock, once the gas is released it flows out of the head of the well and into barrels to be processed and sold. Now there are many wells all over the USA, but only a few actually are a Class V
This is where they put a steel pipe into the ground at around 10,000 feet and turn it 90 degrees so that it is horizontal. Then they send an explosive missile that erupts along the horizontal part to puncture holes through the pipe. They later put a fluid that contains water, sand and other chemicals through the pipe which later goes through the pores of the pipe into the rock. It breaks the rock down and creates cracks leading to the natural gas leaking out through the pipe. There is an average of 5 - 8 million gallon of water used for one Fracking.