If you find that you have the genetic code for a highly fatal or a certain mental illness, you may dread this, even though there is no guarantee that you’ll get this disease. People might not necessarily understand that, and see identifying this disease as a “death wish.” While doctors could use genetic code to make it easier when diagnosing a patient, there could be more misdiagnoses, leading to mistreatment. Some doctors may only look at diseases listed in your genetic code and treat you for those illnesses, even though the answer might not be in your genetic
` To start us off, genetically engineering a baby can be very unsafe for it and lead to genetic defects. Scientists don’t know everything about the human body yet, and because of this, if we end up modifying something, it could end up affecting something important that we didn’t know about. We also can’t predict the outcome of the modification yet. Scientists could be able to possibly knock out a disease out of our genetic code, but since we don’t know the outcome one-hundred percent, this could lead to worse things happening in our body, like introducing a new, more deadly disease. Finally, engineering a baby inside the womb can be very dangerous for the baby.
Many individuals find the process to be overly emotionally taxing and frightening, especially considering the confusing implications of the results. Surbone’s article “Social and Ethical Implications of BRCA Testing”, reflects, ““Scientists, physicians and bioethicists have consistently cared about the medical and psychosocial well-being of mutation carriers, and have cautioned the public about the limited predictive power of genetic testing, especially outside high-risk families, due to the relatively low gene penetrance, the possibility of new mutations with different significance that are still to be identified, and the role of environmental factors in cancerogenesis and tumor progression.” Essentially, the results of BRCA testing are not death sentences or free-cards. An individual with a positive result may not ever develop cancer and an individual with a negative result could— the results reflect likelihood and risk, not the certainty of a diagnosis. Despite the emotional taxes, many women decide to participate in testing. Jessica Boddy emphasizes the importance of gene testing and early screenings as they could result in early discovery and lead to better results and less treatment, she states, “The test results could help guide treatment, as well as future efforts to prevent more cancer.” In addition, Boddy encourages gene testing and awareness of the potential inheritance of
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1Introduction Cancer is a major root cause of disease among human deaths in many developed countries. Cancer Prediction or classification in medical practice trusted on clinical and histopathological facts could be produce incomplete or misleading results .The DNA microarray is very useful to determine the expression level of thousands of genes simultaneously in a cell mixture . DNA microarray technology has been applied to find out the accurate prediction and diagnosis of cancer. Molecular level diagnostics with gene expression profiles can offer the methodology of accurate and systematic cancer prediction. It’s very important for treatment of cancer to classify tumour accurately.
As older cells are frequently used to make clones, it is possible that their age could be received by the developing embryos, which can at that point result in early aging issues and, possibly, even death. In addition, cloned organisms may create new diseases that don’t currently exist. This would be disastrous for humans and especially clones because some diseases are contagious, and if they are spread, it may take a big chunk of our population away. It would also take time for doctors to create a cure for upcoming diseases. Cloning many organisms may result in loss of diversity in genes.
The essay will indicates the problems that gene therapy could face, which has been found by studies and researches and how others are contributing. To start with, gene therapy involves three approaches, which could be applied including: putting back, repairing mutated genes and making the disease more recognizable to the immune system. They generally used to cure defective genes depending on the type of the disease, so the body becomes more able to fight the illness. However, they are some disagreement about the improvement of the pre-existing treatment, due to its long-term possible effect and the problems that are associated with
To allow patients to feel confident in using genetic technology without worrying about identity theft, all doctors using genetic technologies must be certified by the government before practicing on patients. Since genetic technology has not arrived at the point where genes can specify a single disease, doctors, whenever possible, should back up their choices of treatment to a particular disease. This will cause less inaccuracies that could surface due to genetic testing. It can be deducted that if these guidelines are followed, a better future lies ahead of the field of
What make humanity unique is we manipulate our environment, changing nature when nature doesn’t suit us. Historically, these changes have targeted elements we interact with. However, with the advent of genome mapping and editing, humans are now able to change ourselves, or more accurately, edit our genome. Right now, gene editing is being used for gene therapy, to either add, remove, or edit a gene in order to ensure a therapeutic effect in either a person or an embyro. Gene therapy is not ethically immoral and should be allowed, although proper clinical and regulatory constraints must be underdone.
The integrity of a genome is monitored by several mechanisms including DNA damage checkpoints, DNA repair machinery, and mitotic checkpoints within the cell. If there are defects in any one of these mechanisms the result is genomic instability. A few other things that can alter the regulation of the cell cycle are posttranslational modifications of histone tails, chromatin structure, and DNA methylation. This topic continues to be a debate about what exactly the driving force of the initiation of tumors is and what causes it to progress. Genomic stability is essential for cellular integrity.
Furthermore, there are some people that they see the ability of forsee future medical problems as positive, but Big Data can be seen as replacing doctors. At the moment, Big Data is not ready to be used on its own. Also, some experts believe this vast growth of Big Data will undermine doctors and the patients will turn into technology for solutions instead of a licensed