From a lawyer 's point of view I think that genetic testing should be done if someone wants or needs to do it. Genetic testing is the sequencing of human DNA in order to discover some genetic differences anomalies or mutations that may prove pathological. Everyone has the same right and we all have the ability to do what we want. Genetic testing has helped us get closer to discovering medicines for diseases such as cystic fibrosis. Cystic fibrosis is an inherited life-threatening disorder that damages the digestive system and the lungs, this diseases shortens life span as well.
If you find that you have the genetic code for a highly fatal or a certain mental illness, you may dread this, even though there is no guarantee that you’ll get this disease. People might not necessarily understand that, and see identifying this disease as a “death wish.” While doctors could use genetic code to make it easier when diagnosing a patient, there could be more misdiagnoses, leading to mistreatment. Some doctors may only look at diseases listed in your genetic code and treat you for those illnesses, even though the answer might not be in your genetic
1). While there are many benefits of genetic testing, there are also a few drawbacks. Test results can cause tension between family members; because not only can the tests reveal something about the patient, they can reveal information about people related to the patient… particularly information that makes people uncomfortable
It can also be very costly when trying to treating a communicable disease that could have been prevented with a vaccine. Immunization will prevent you and others from contracting a disease as well as dealing with all the expenses that come along with treating that disease. Everyone should make getting vaccinated a priority for their health and for others.
First, it would be important to know the sensitivity of many people who are at risk to develop this disorder. Second, the specificity of how many people who are being affected by diabetes in order to start the treatment and to prevent more complications. This could be considered as the most difficult level because not everyone will be complied with the screening process. Next, other aspect that can be affected the screening outcomes is the implications of false negative and false positive results which are inevitable given to the people that have been screening. Last, screening is costly effective.
Many also feel that patenting genes is unreasonable, as these patents can cause patients to seek extremely high priced, market dominating medications which are produced by the patent holder. A solution to the current problems in genetic technology may include a ban on patenting genes. When relating to the problems in the ethics of genetic technology, a viable solution may be to have research done in contained laboratories, with no patient genes being left behind. Also, genetic lookup should not occur without a patient consent. To allow patients to feel confident in using genetic technology without worrying about identity theft, all doctors using genetic technologies must be certified by the government before practicing on patients.
When it is decided what is a ‘human’ then at whatever stage the embryo or baby is at then the treatment is considered to be under human rights. During the process of PGD instead of being implanted into the mother some embryos are often discarded due to them have inheritable disorders or abnormalities which could affect the offspring. For an individual who believes that a human starts when it is an embryo, the discarding of the unfavourable embryos after the results of PGD could be suggested that it is murder. This is where PGD becomes an ethical issue because is it morally acceptable to terminate a fertilised embryo which could otherwise if implanted live a happy and healthy life? Where is the fine between a human and an embryo and what is the limitation in which the process of PGD should not happen?
Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a human. The idea of human cloning is becoming a reality and it is no longer mere science fiction. As this idea turns into reality, it is leaving many people horrified, but it’s helping scientists find cures for many diseases. Although human cloning can create a new doorway for scientists, it has dangerous implications to humans and nature. Although human cloning has dangerous implications to humans and nature, adverse opinions exist.
For instance, some scientists claim that the practice of regenerative medicine through therapeutic cloning to heal patients with permanent disabilities will possibly become a huge accomplishment if it is developed. However, despite all of these benefits which have the potential to be achieved through cloning, there are things that must not be overlooked. The large amount of researches simultaneously requires countless ooyotes - human eggs - which comes at the price of endangering women’s health. According to the article, “Issue Analysis: Human Cloning” by the Ethics & Religious Liberty Commision, not only does the egg extraction process cause side effects like “ovarian cysts and cancers”, loss of fertility, and strokes, “the superovulation drugs” and “numerous hormone treatments” are also often performed to increase the sufficiency of egg extraction. It is inequitable to conduct these researches even if it is for medical purposes because the cost of operating them comes at the sacrifices of the women donors’ health.
There could be catastrophic effects such as a plague or another arms race to make new weapons of mass destruction, for we don't know what our future holds or how we can approach the problems in our future. Also, with a religious heavy specie as we are, we know how valued many are to their own religion. This ideal may make people stray away from the topic of genetic engineering, for they may view it as dangerous, or even inflicting on their beliefs. This may leave a small amount of people receiving genetic engineering to which it may die out. It may also lead a purge against people who were genetically modified, or genetically modified families, for they may seem to be "unholy" or "playing God."
M6D1 Ethics and Genetic Testing As we all can agree, our genes play a highly important role in making us who we are as humans. If the information produce by genes is normal than everything can turn out normal and infants can be born healthy. There are those incidents the genetic information produce by genes is wrong and results of this information can lead to injury, disease, and/or illness of the fetus (Munson, 2012). The ability to predict or diagnosis miss information produced by genes is called genetic testing. This testing can be done before conception, during pregnancy, and of the infant and parents after birth.
Routine personal monitoring and genetics will allow for detection of disease before onset leading to the prevention of fatal diseases such as cancer and autoimmune disorders (p131). Personalized medicine brings a new roles and ethical dilemmas for medical practitioners. Cullis describes personalized medicine as a form of medical treatment through one’s own monitoring and “molecular you” that greatly reduces health and aging related uncertainty. However, the current role of medical practitioners as a diagnosing and treating service will become
Stem Cell Research Stem cell research is one of the most innovative medical research with a bright future to help treat some of the debilitating diseases. However, advancement in stem cell research is still at early stage partly due to the ethical, legal and political controversies surrounding it. The ethical issues with stem cell research are multifaceted in their nature, starting with the sources of the stem cell that are used in the research to be conducted, the way the research are conducted, the trial phases, and the remedies for the consequences if anything goes wrong. One of the most debated and ethically challenged type of stem cell research is the human embryonic stem cell research. Lo & Parham, (2009) says, "Human embryonic stem
I agree. In some cases, knowing that you have a mutation and will be affected with the disease could be very emotional for an individual. One never knows how they will respond to the result and pretesting counseling may not fully prepare the individual for the result. One question that has been raised is should genetic counseling be allowed for diseases that are not treatable? It is thought that if an individual knows they will develop a condition that has no treatment it could cause psychological harm, stigmatization, and possible discrimination.
Cowden syndrome is a disease that increases the risk of getting multiple different types of cancers. It is passed down through heredity and can be life threatening. Cowden syndrome can be treated by decreasing symptoms and living a healthy lifestyle. People with this disorder should be tested more often and possibly take medication to reduce symptoms. It is a negative mutation because it decreases the chance of an organism’s survival.