P2/P3:Explain the role of lawyers in criminal and civil cases Solicitors Solicitors give advice on areas of the law. Solicitors are the first people who are contacted when somebody or businesses are looking for legal advice or for them to be represented. Solicitors are normally within a team in firms owned by the solicitors. Some solicitors also work for the local government.
Most police officers more concern about the public safety and are expected to work under the guidelines of probable of the cause. In while a prosecutor 's works in the guideline of beyond of reason of doubt. Most prosecutors believe that the increased amount of arrest that the officers make will increase their workload making easy for the prosecutors to dismiss the cases. Judges are the overseers of the court. The judge is there to make sure that the laws are followed by the prosecutors.
Jury systems exist all around the world. Many have a long history, while others are just emerging. Juries of different countries examine trials and decide on many factors in a court case. They play a vital role in court and are the deciding factor about whether a victim is guilty or not. The role of a jury may be different depending on the country.
But while Equality's outlooks aren't necessarily bad, there still needs to be balance. If everyone thought only about themselves, society would crumble. People have to rely on each other to an extent, and total selfishness would prevent this. That being said, someone can have selfish moments while still being a good person and caring for others. There doesn't have to be polar opposites when it comes to selfishness versus selflessness.
OVERVIEW: Litigation, Alternative dispute resolution (ADR) and Criminal prosecution are everyday occurrence in the judicial system. For better understanding, I will briefly define what each terms stands for. Litigation is Ultimate legal method for settling controversies or disputes between and among persons, organizations, and the State. Alternative dispute resolution (ADR); refers to a variety of processes that help parties resolve disputes without a trial.
SYSTEM. The aim of this project was not to judge which legal system is better: civil law or common law. Each legal system may have some advantages and deficiencies which will discuss. If a foreign legal system has some advantages, why not merge them in the national legal system?
• Audi alterm partem – hear the other party. NEMO JUDEX CAUSA SUA: Rule against bias. No one should be made a judge in his own cause. Bias means a favoured judgement in favour of a party regarding an issue. Rule against bias flows from two principles: • No one should be a judge in his own cause • Justice should not only be done but manifested and undoubtedly be seen to be
However, oral contracts do not have any evidences to support its agreements. Therefore, for the most important point of contract, because of each party has to understand clearly about their contract includes works, time, and money, oral contracts is not suitable. If there are any issues with oral contracts, it can be problem because of there is no
In addition to this the court that is holding the case will also charge court fees. Next are the appeal costs that may occur. Any person being charged with the death penalty will most likely try to appeal this. This adds more court expenses and more time is tacked on to the case. While most cases are not actually appealed, this process causes many unnecessary expenses and just adds to the large cost of death penalty cases.
The role of the jury in capital cases Capital cases that include the death penalty are carefully analyzed and structured to allow the fairest due process. The selection of the jurors is one of the most crucial parts of the case. Attorneys and judges have to come to an agreement on who will serve on the jury before the case goes to trial. There have been many cases that have argued the selection of the jurors, for example, Uttecht v. Brown, Lockhart v. McCree, and many others. These cases have faced controversy due to the selection of jurors and have set precedents for new and present cases.
The year is 1963, and Clarence Earl Gideon is falsely accused of a crime. Under Florida law, being charged with breaking and entering with the intent to commit a misdemeanor is a felony, and Mr. Gideon was the unfortunate victim here (Facts par 2). Like many Americans of his time, Clarence had only an eighth education (Facts par 1). He roamed in and out of prisons, which explains why he was poor (Facts par 1). Lacking the funds to pay an attorney, Clarence requested the judge to appoint him one (Facts par 2).
With millions of criminal convictions a year, more than two million people may end up behind bars(Gross). According to Samuel Gross reporter for The Washington Post, writes that also “even one percent amounts to tens of thousands of tragic [wrongful conviction] errors”(Gross). Citizens who are wrongfully convicted are incarcerated for a crime he or she did not commit. Many police officers, prosecutors, and judges are responsible for the verdict that puts innocents into prison. To be able to get exonerated many wait over a decade just to get there case looked at, not many are able to have the opportunity of getting out.
144 people on death row have been exonerated since 1973 (Levy 1). People exonerated and convicts sent to prison for crimes they did not commit have been given unfair trials. If a trial court makes a legal error, a party can file an appeal, which raises the question on whether the United States appeals process is even effective in criminal cases (The Judicial Learning Center 1). Understanding the effectiveness of the appeals process for criminal cases is essential for improving it to ensure people are not exonerated or unjustly punished.