In Oklahoma however, drug offenders share about 30 percent of their prison population. Ending the War on Drugs will not end mass incarceration alone. The federal government and a handful of states have successfully reduced their incarcerated populations by reforming their drug policies, and these can also work with other policies as
In America, 2.3 million people are in prison. American has the highest prison population in the world. This is due to “tough on crime laws” that have been enforced since the 1960’s. Although these laws do help keep crime off the street, they have done more harm than good for our country. Mass incarceration is a major issues in America, it leads to poverty, broken families, money wasted, and many other problems.
This article discusses individual cases and crimes and gives analysis of the arguments made against death penalty in real world. Firstly it discusses the deterrence argument while going through a number of cases. The conclusion is that it has no effect on reducing homicides but ironically it breeds violence as in some cases offenders committed a capital crime in a territory where execution still prevails while they could have easily avoided it. Second thing discussed is the cost, the research in article shows that it costs significantly more money to put a convict to death than to incarcerate him for life in a prison. Moreover it is shown that in many cases criminals are executed while there are reasonable doubts in their convictions and some have avoided execution by just a few hours before being exonerated.
At first, this argument makes relative sense, “violent crime rates have fluctuated over the years and bear little relationship to incarceration rates—which have soared during the past three decades regardless of whether violent crime was going up or down” (Alexander 101). Even while violent crime rates decline, incarceration rates climb; these two variables should have a dependent correlation, but it appears they do not. However, in response to violent crime, legislators placed longer sentences for less severe crimes to prevent more violent crime in the future (Forman 48). While it may be compelling to simply accept that the War on Drugs caused the prison population spike, it did not; violent crime contributed
The main idea that Marc Mauer was discussing during his lecture was about the American prison system needs to be fix. America has the largest prisoner population in a develop country. The main issue is that people of color has a greater chance to be in jail because the environment they were raised in. Some people of higher class have the income to help them not receive any sentences while a person of color may have a greater chance to go to jail due to the lack of access of resources. People who are send to jail they receive a harsh prison sentence because some places have a three strike system.
Before the three strike law there was a lot of crimes committed on a felony level. But when the three strike law was reinforced the crime level decreased. But who pays for each prison system. That 's right the taxpayers it became expensive now that jails are overpopulated. Although crime has decreased the cost of paying taxes has increased and not affected the taxpayers.
Although Gopnik doesn’t provide a concrete solution for this problem, he does emphasize the significance for finding a solution. The incarceration rate in 1980 was 220/100,000, but by 2010, it has more than tripled to 731/100,000. The United States is the only country to have that dramatic increase. Gopnik compares the time that’s spent in prison and the crime associated with it.
While "tough on crime" policies may be effective in incapacitating offenders, little consideration has been given to the impact this mass incarceration effort has had on offenders following their release from prison. Every year more than 600,000 people are released from jails and prisons to face the challenge of re-entering society in a productive capacity (Geiger, 2006; Travis, Solomon, & Waul, 2001). Due to the collateral consequences of a criminal conviction, reintegration is often met with a host of daunting and unnecessary barriers. Black Americans comprise a major segment of the neglected population and when they are released from prison the barriers to reintegration are often compounded by the stigma of their racial classification and the mark of a criminal
Also, heavy fine to reimburse the bank for the money lost, but the suspect will be jailed for a long period of time. In order to see, the refund of the money the victim has to wait for Devires to return from prison and find employment to start to repay of the fund. Not to mention, Rhonda will serve an addition three years of supervised release once finish the jail’s sentence. The supervised release, wills consist of where an ankle bracket or residing in a halfway house, a place where former prison go after completing a prison’s sentence. Overall, the U.S. attorney and the criminal’s attorney on behalf of the suspect of the multiple offenses
Recent reports from the Vera Institute of Justice calculated annual average cost per inmate to be $31,286 upwards to $60,076 in specific states. Overcrowded prisons lead to unsafe profit prison expansions, more taxpayer money spent on incarceration rather than education, and perpetuating the cycle of poverty to incarceration. The United States has more people incarcerated than any country on earth, more than communist china, which is an authoritarian country four times the size of America. There is no doubt that overcrowding exists in America. The private prison industry has been on the rise.
Attorney General Eric H. Holder Jr. is one of the individuals who has been trying to reduce the ever growing prison problem. Holder is after the prisoners who are in for non-violent crimes and reduce sentencing for defendants in most most drug cases. He has been struggling with district attorneys and federal prosecutors nationwide. Some of the people who are opposing the bill think it is crucial when it comes to breaking up drug cartels. This is possible all through communication with the lower level defendants and who are slowly working their way up “The criminal chain of command.”
It is believed that letting a criminal free from incarceration puts society at risk. Before the reform recidivism rates were high, scaring the public with the idea that criminals can reenter society. When comparing individuals who were sentenced to prison to those in diversion programs, those in diversion programs were more likely to stay out of jail while those who went to jail were more likely to have re-arrests. It was reported that 64% of the treatment sample were arrest-free over a two-year follow up period. Those in the diversion program had recidivism rates as low as 36%; this compares to the group who were given jail time with a recidivism rate of 54% (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone, 2015).
Since the law is set in place for any person who receives a criteria fitting third strike, whether it is from a big or small crime, the person is sent away to prison for basically the rest of their life. Due to the growth of the amount of people being sent to prison as a result of this policy, it is continuing to be more and more expensive to keep them in prison. High crime rate in California was the tipping point for former president Clinton to pass the law. The prison located in California now holds roughly 135,000 inmates (Shipley 1). It has more than doubled mainly because of the policy.
Convicting the Innocent: Where Criminal Prosecutions Go Wrong In Brandon L. Garrett 's book, Convicting the Innocent: Where Criminal Prosecutions Go Wrong, he makes it very clear how wrongful convictions occur and how these people have spent many years in prison for crimes they never committed. Garrett presents 250 cases of innocent people who were convicted wrongfully because the prosecutors opposed testing the DNA of those convicted. Garrett provided simple statistics such as graphs, percentages, and charts to help the reader understand just how great of an impact this was.
Many felons go back to the same iniquitous behavior because after they served their time society still punish them with voting rights, the ability of carrying a gun, or even basic as getting an apartment. I truly believe in some cases, not having a second chance results in having a high unemployment and crime rate. The idea that people deserve a second chance is an important American value. In 2010, there were over 2 million individuals classified as a felon in the United States.