Pros And Cons Of Medicalization

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Medicalization can be described as being the way non-medical problems have become defined as medical, usually in terms of illness. “Since the 1970’s, sociologists have expressed concern about the medicalization of society, that is, the way in which everyday aspects of life such as death, birth, eating, drinking, sleeping, and so on have come under the jurisdiction of medicine”, (Hyde & McDonnell, 2004). Although the term medicalization is not a newly discovered phenomenon, it is only in recent decades that sociologists have intricately examined and studied the subject. Irving Kenneth Zola, for example, argued that medicine has “attached itself to anything to which the label of illness may be associated, irrespective of whether or not it can deal with it”, (Zola 1984 as cited Hyde). Zola proceeded by saying there was a significant increase on comprehensive medicine and psychosomatics, a term which indicates that people went to the doctor…show more content…
Furthermore, genetic traits such as appearance, intellectual ability, sex and race also contribute to homophilous relationships (Smith & Christakis, 2008). That is to say, that even in childhood we tend to gravitate toward those who are similar to us which immediately limits the scope of social network available to us. People who grow up in high risk areas for drug abuse, for instance, socialise with the other children in the area. The older they get the less likely they would be to extend their social circle, limiting themselves to becoming surrounded by the high risk lifestyle primarily adopted in the area. The stronger the ties to high risk behaviours get the higher the chance of a person partaking in said behaviour. Numerous studies have been done to support the theory that socioeconomic, environmental factors and herd mentality are major contributors and determinants of

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