It originated from philosophical, scientific, political, and ideological shifts that occurred as a result of the Industrial Revolution, continuing all through World War (“Modernism” 4). In essence, modernism is an extension of the rejection of enlightenment, positivism, and faith. Characteristics of modernistic poetry include allusions, linguistic fragments, as well as highly vivid diction (“Modernism” 2). The strong emphasis on emotion, memories, and personal imagination coupled with its central concerns of objectivity and detachment in “After Apple Picking” and other modernist poems brings new perspectives to traditional poetry and offers a means of “out of the box” thinking in terms of established poetic conventions. Modernist poems characteristically question the “self” as opposed to the “group”, and highlight the fragmentations of feelings and remoteness of the outside world to the speaker of the poem (“Modernist” 7).
Literary modernism, starting in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, pushed to break the traditions of empiricism and fact-based writing. Modernist writers illustrated the idea that art doesn’t need to represent reality and writers experimented with many techniques to reflect on their ideologies and moral conundrums. This bending of reality for the benefit of art and expression is evident in George Orwell’s 1936 essay “Shooting an Elephant.” Orwell’s subject matters and stylistic techniques set his generation apart from writers such as Francis Bacon who essayed in a time where accuracy and Aristotelian logic held more weight than imagination. These differences can be revealed by comparing George Orwell’s essay to Francis Bacon’s 1597 essay, “Of Ambition.” Within the genre of modernism, writers took many different approaches to the essay and felt no bounds with regard to the subject matter or structure of their essays. Writers pressured traditional morals and customs and showed the world through different perspectives.
Modernism is a revolt against the conservative values of realism, and a rejection of tradition and its reprise, and the certainty of enlightenment thinking. Modernism, in short, is a thought, discussion, creative work, or genre of art and literature
Narrating Modernity: The structural dynamics in “The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie” In this paper I intend to talk about Muriel Spark’s The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie as an example of the modernist movement and how certain features of the modernist period were incorporated in this literary text. With ingenious story-telling techniques and fascinating characters the novel becomes compelling and engrossing. Therefore any modern day reader will find it to be “the crème de la crème.” Spark have used certain modernist techniques such as the text loses chronology and hence time is circular. There is little description as modernists like more to allude to things. The stream of character’s consciousness is represented, that’s why the works are often fragmentary.
Futurism was more focused on politics and artistic research. Expressionism was when personal feelings about the object painted was conveyed, rather than the observation of the object. Modernists were trying to break away from the Victorian Era, it was a new era and they wanted to create their own history. An example of a well known modernist painter is Vincent van Gogh, who used the style of Neo-Impressionism. Neo- Impressionism involves not mixing the paint together either on a palette or on a canvas but by creating a mixture of
The literature of Romanticism versus the Victorian era initially becomes a problematic subject to accept. As a Victorian poet, Gerard Manley Hopkins attacks the conception of religion by questioning the existence of God. Hopkins’ sonnets reflect this issue of an oppress religion and educates people towards the conspiracy of a change era through his magnificent poems. Hopkins stands true to the new and improve era of Victorian by conciliating the absences of divinity. Although others may have disagree that G.M.
POST MODERN POLITICS INTRODUCTION What is post modernism? The simple answer is, “question everything modern”. Postmodernism is a broad term used to describe movements in a wide range of disciplines, including art, politics, critical theories, and music. Many view it as a response to the preceding modernist movement, but where modernism simply reacts against classical concepts, particularly in the arts and literature, things that are postmodern take this reaction to its extreme conclusion. Indeed, some see it not as a separate movement, but simply as a continuation of the modernist struggle.
The devise Cunningham uses, stream of consciousness, time disorder, events unfolding through the prism of one single day, mirrors that of Woolf, but it is the acknowledge of our finitude what most the novel is concern of. We go back to one of the main claim of Postmodernist theory, the death of the subject and the loss of aura called on board by Benjamin, the unicity of the artistic production, replaced by propaganda, industrial reproduction, repetition of already existing images. I sustain Foucault’s theory but not Benjamin’s. His prophecy didn’t come true, art didn’t lose its aura, in the era of mass reproduction the value of the original is proportional to the availability of the reproduced piece, it is the artist to have lost his aura on behalf of the consumer and his belief that anything
This new interest contrasts with the dismissive way in which earlier writers and artists from the first half of the same century behaved toward their predecessors the Victorians, as Chris Baldick asserts “Modernist literature is characterized chiefly by a rejection of nineteenth century traditions…” (The concise oxford dictionary of literary terms. New York: Oxford UP, 2001, pag 159) therefore, according to him, Modernists struggled to escape from the Victorian conventions. But we have to make distinctions in order to specify what makes a novel Neo-Victorian, therefore it is important to say that not all the novels written from the twentieth century onward and that deal with elements of the Victorian age can be included into this, according to Heilmann and Llewellyn, one of the features that difference Neo-Victorian writers from others is the deliberate “act of (re)interpretation, (re)discovery and (re)vision concerning the Victorians” (Heilmann & Llewellyn, 2010, p.4) when they produce their fiction. In other words, Neo-Victorian fiction inspects present-day worries and problems that originate from this specific past
Modernism , broadly , comprises the creations and the actions of those who realized that the conventional forms as art , literature , architecture , sciences , religious faith became old-fashioned in the modern industrialized world . Baldick stated that Modernist literature is characterized chiefly by a rejection of 19th-century traditions and of their consensus between author and reader ( 159 ) . This literary movement had its root in the late 19th-century and early 20th-century . T.S, Eliot , one of the modernist poets , had a great impact on English culture in the 20th-century . He wrote “ the waste land “ , one of the most famous and remarkable poems in the 20th-century .