Whether or not, the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were justified remains in debate up to today. Some people say the bombings were necessary to end the war quickly and surely. Others argue that it was unethical to the US to completely destroy a whole city filled with innocent people. This essay will discuss whether it was appropriate for the US to drop an atomic bomb on Japan given the conditions of World War II. The Americans and the Allied forces had already made Germany surrender in Europe and only Japan stood in the Allied forces’ way for peace.
Theoretically of course, what if a country was to develop a weapon strong enough to completely disintegrate cities and all the people living in it? Coincidently, the United states discovered a bomb that did exactly that and ended up thrusting the world into a new era of weaponized technology towards the end of World War II. Countries from this point on became wary of opposing the United States, aware of the power they possessed, especially since the US had already used this weapon on Japan to end the war. However, the Japanese were committed to fight to the bitter end of the war and see it all the way through, regardless of the fact that the United States demanded unconditional surrender from the small country of islands. This further emphasizes that since the Japanese were not simply going to give up, Truman came to the conclusion that in order to save millions of lives, he had to take thousands.
. necessity”(Freeman). The bomb was dropped to “avoid an invasion of Japan”(PragerU), America not only ended the war, it was done without launching a ground invasion. If America had launched a land invasion than not, only would have American soldiers' lives have been lost, but more Japanese would have died as well.America dropped the bomb as a mean to end the war. Not only did the bomb save lives in the moment, the bomb showed how the bomb affects countries and now America has nuclear weapons deals with other countries to prevent the use of a nuclear weapon like the atomic bomb.
Although an ultimatum was indeed given to Japan at Potsdam, they were not informed of the weapon of mass destruction the United States possessed. It will never be known for sure, but the knowledge that America had an atomic bomb might have caused the Japanese to surrender once and for all. Even if they did not surrender, the Japanese authorities would have at least had a chance to evacuate their citizens from the cities that were the intended targets. Instead, Truman kept the atomic bomb a secret, so that he could try it out. Also, the bomb could have been dropped in a much less populated city, in an effort to save lives.
As stated in document A, President Truman believed that it was his duty as president to use every weapon available to save American lives. By making the decision to employ atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki, it successfully brought an end to World War II. Now, while these bombs did ultimately spare thousands of American lives, it did also put an end to about 200,000 lives as shown in document E. Document A stated that Admiral William Leahy, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, opposed using the bomb because it killed civilians indiscriminately. He believed that an economic blockade and conventional bombing would convince Japan to surrender. As an opposite end of the spectrum though Truman’s advisor, James Byrnes thought that the use of “the A-bombs would not only cause Japan to surrender, but also impress the Soviet Union, and hopefully stop its expansion” (Doc C).
The counter-arguments were that the Japanese were already defeated and so ‘why was it necessary to drop the bomb?”. Especially the second type, as evidence suggests that the Japanese were already defeated. Bombing and killing the innocent people shouldn’t ever be justified, however, it was a war and the American government did warn the Japanese about the consequences of continuing the fight. On August 6, 1945, the atomic bomb enriched with uranium, coded “Little boy”, was dropped over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. The project was coded ‘Trinity’ when the first and only testing of ‘Little boy’ was on July 16th, 1945, near Alamogordo, New Mexico.
One of the few reasons that the dropping of the Atomic bombs was justified was the fact that Japan would not surrender. There was a large amount of evidence pointing to this: The allies had been dropping conventional and incendiary bombs on Japanese cities, but the Japanese refused to surrender. This gave the US the impression that ordinary bombs were not enough to convince Japan to surrender, and a more powerful bomb was needed. In addition, Japanese forces included Kamikaze pilots, which were-in essence-suicide bombers, willing to die for their emperor and their country. The Japanese military was also training
It’s no surprise that the government keeps secrets away from the American people, right? What if I told you that one of those secrets led up to over 190,000 deaths of fairly if not completely innocent people? Because that is exactly what happened as a result of the Manhattan Project. The Manhattan project was a huge research conducted by scientists and physicists alike to create what would soon be the world’s first atomic bomb. Not only one of the world’s first atomic bombs, but definitely a huge turning point in history, causing bucketloads of death and destruction.
During the 1940s the world was in conflict and the allied forces, consisting of the USA, Britain and France were struggling to win the war against the Fascist movement. This led to innovations of all kinds and when the Japan got involved the US couldn’t land and hold an island without meeting great resistance from Japanese troops willing to commit suicide for their country. During this time many physicists and nuclear engineers were on the verge of constructing the next level of nuclear technology. This led to President Roosevelt establishing the National Defense Research Committee in hopes of creating an Atomic weapon capable of mass destruction. The Atomic Bomb was created through a series of tests conducted in New Mexico known as the Trinity tests or more commonly as the Manhattan Project.
He became the first President to use the atomic bomb when he ordered the attack of Japan`s two cities Hiroshima, and Nagasaki. The weight of his decision, debated as reasonable or otherwise, understandably troubled him, and influenced his choices leaning toward the reduction of arms; for both the United States and the Soviet Union. He took actions similar to Carl von Clausewitz`s ideas on limited warfare and force in his attempts to resolve Cold War problems, though there was never proof to that he was directly inspired by Clausewitz. Limited warfare would require the nations to withhold their power to a degree in order to maintain the health of society, and assure that the world would not receive any damage that it could not possibly recover from. The Soviets` did not agree to most of Truman`s suggestions to ease the tension, however.
An invasion on Japan was being planned next year, leaving a opening of time for which American and Japanese lives to be killed by one another during the war. However, the invasion didn’t happen because on September 2, 1945, Japan officially signed to unconditional surrender. The dropping of the atom bomb forced japan to surrender just like the U.S wanted. They just wanted to have the least amount of American deaths as possible. We used the bomb, which saved multiple men’s lives who would have to eventually invade Japan, resulting in the deaths of both Japanese men and American men.
Soon after its invention, President Harry S. Truman decided to use this atomic warfare against Japan. The President justified his actions by claiming that he “used it in order to shorten the agony of war, in order to save the lives of thousands and thousands of young Americans.” (Long). However; Japan was inching closer and closer to surrender. Furthermore, no one was knowledgeable of the aftereffects such a “weapon”
So, to Truman, dropping an atomic bomb was equal to fire bombing a city. That is one reason the president decided to drop the bomb. Also, if you 're told that an estimated 1 million casualties would ensue if you made a land invasion, it can make the decision to drop a bomb a little easier. What is especially noble, however, is that America refused to use their new deadly weapon to ell the world or rule with an iron fist. In fact, America did the opposite when they relinquished control of the Philippines so that it could become its own nation.
In The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, Rebecca Skloot presents study cases, such as the study of vaccines and the polio vaccine to prove that HeLa cells have benefitted science for the greater good. The benefits of HeLa cells are shown when the Polio and HPV vaccine is talked about. The polio vaccine benefitted the human race by saving lives and impacted science by progressing further studies. Further studies included the HPV vaccine which gave scientists a vast knowledge on how cancer forms and how it is inserts insert into DNA. It is later proven that the study of Virology is the cause of scientists advanced experimentation with cancer and expanded their boarders with the topic.