Health information exchange model and standards Health information exchange (HIE) is defined as “the electronic movement of health-related information among organizations according to nationally recognized standards” . Occasionally, HIE is also called health information network (HIN). HIE lets doctors, pharmacists, nurses, radiologists, lab technicians and other health care providers and patients to properly access and securely share a patient’s vital medical information electronically. This will lead to an improving in the safety, cost, speed and quality of patient care. The Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health (HITECH) Act, enacted as part of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) , was signed
a. According to Yoder-Wise (2015) complexity, formalization and centralization are characters that classifies a organization.(p. 141) All of these characteristics apply to Health care organization, but to what degree does a healthcare organization use each of these characteristics? In today 's Health Delivery organization I see a vision or movement toward shared governance. With this being said Health organization are more focused on decreasing hierarchies or complexity and using decentralization; Magnet Recognition Program is an example.
The Health Belief Model is a conceptual framework that can be used to guide health promotion and disease prevention programs. It explains changes in health-related behavior. Key elements of the Health Belief Model focus on individual beliefs about health conditions, which predict individual health-related behaviors. The Health Belief Model can be used to design short- and long-term programs. The model 's predictive ability varies depending on the ability to gauge the presence of perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits of action, perceived barriers to action, cues to action, and the sense of self-efficacy among the target population.
These factors are known as the Social Determinants of health. “The social determinants of health are the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, including the health system” (WHO). Dalgren & Whitehead (1991) image of the social determinants of health aims to show the relationship between the person, their environment and their health. The modifiable factors, people’s age, gender and race lie in the centre surrounded by non modifiable factors like profession, housing, education and public policy. There is a direct relationship between people’s environment and their health, e.g.
The following paper will debate and itemize how UPIs can judiciously enrich healthcare proficiency through its technology for patient information distribution. The paper will detail how a functioning UPI system will produce reduction in unnecessary cost to hospital systems, circumvent health record duplication, guarantee healthcare providers that they are handling patients with precise and modernized medical information, and expand interoperability and information sharing amongst health facilities. Additionally, strategies will be comprised as approaches to surmount barriers or healthcare stakeholder uncertainties. Universal Patient Identifiers and Connecting Patients to Health Information Universal Patient Identifiers encompasses assigning a personalized tailored number to individuals that will then be sourced to distinguish a patient within the entire U.S. healthcare network, pointedly this will permit patient data sharing. Sharing data amongst networks is sheltered through policies that unambiguously protect patient data.
It was designed to offer health protection to people by reviewing their multi-dimensional natures as they pursue various health care services or treatments (Sakraida, 2010).Therefore, it defines health not only as a mere lack of disease but also as an active dynamic of the human state. As a result, instead of referring to the physical health only, the theory refers to other factors within the patients ' environments to determine their health (Sakraida, 2010). In regards to evidence-based evaluation, this model uses current evidence provided in various nursing sources to make the decisions regarding the community and personal healthcare delivery (Fawcett &Desanto-Madeya, 2012). Some of the best current evidence used by the model includes the valid research about the health care effects, health problems relating to various pollutants, and the best and accurate diagnostic tests for different health issues (Sakraida, 2010). Consequently, the health promotion model provides good guidelines on how nursing may be upgraded regarding the standards and patients '
However, these needs can vary individual to individual regarding their personal characteristics, pathology, and health care settings. Thus, health professionals need to understand patient needs and react in accordance (Hills & Kitchen, 2007; Hills & Kitchen, 2007b). Johnson (1996) attempted to compare Maslow’s hierarchy of needs and the normative model (Theory of caregiver motivation or hierarchy of patient outcomes encompasses classification systems for healthcare outcomes proposed by Brook et al., (1977), Donabedian (1982) and Lohr (1988)) to understand what optimizes patient satisfaction and quality of health care. According to the normative model, patient outcomes from health service are classified into four outcome groups, disease eradication, patient performance, general health and patient satisfaction in ascending order of hierarchy. Johnson proposed as the most basic need physiological needs of Maslow’s Hierarchy of Human Needs is parallel to disease eradication outcome in health service; safety needs of Maslow’s hierarchy to patient performance outcome, esteem and love needs of Maslow’s hierarchy to general health outcome and self-actualization needs of Maslow’s hierarchy to patient satisfaction outcome, respectively.
Health behavior theories assist in understanding health behavior problems, developing intervention based on salient determinants that affect behaviors and evaluating the effectiveness of the health interventions. The most effective persuasive interventions for behavior change usually occur when the intervention is behaviorally focused and theory driven(Consolvo, McDonald, & Landay, 2009).Therefore, persuasive technology can be made optimally effective, if they are also combined or supported by behavior change theories (Shegog, 2010). Since, the aim of this research is to design a persuasive technology in line with individual’s health goals. The use of any of these model could drive the intervention-tool to be a user-centered.
The features of health promotion are that it is based on a holistic view of health; it uses participatory approaches it focuses on the determinants and addressing of health not just health problems and conditions. These include the social, behavioral, environmental and economic conditions that are the root cause of poor health, wellbeing and illness such as education, income, employment, working conditions, social status. Health promotion builds on existing strengths and assets and it uses multiple, complementary strategies to promote health for the individual, community and population level. These may include models such as the health belief model (G.M. Hochbaum, 1958) (Becker & Rosenstock, 1984) or the Stages of change (Trans theoretical model) ( Prochaska & DiClemente,
The Health Field Model The Health Field Model (HFM) is the conceptual framework that is used by different health care organizations or in individual research projects to evaluate the prevalence, awareness and management of diseases in the community (Pittman, 2010). The HFM, a determinant health model is developed by Bob Evans and Greg Stoddart in 1990. The HFM provides a broad spectrum for understanding health, and the factors that interfere with, and influence the health of individuals in the community. There are features to put into consideration for, in determining the factors that affect many diseases; hypertension, diabetes, and heart disease, or influence of health on a community (Kindig & McGinnis, 2007). According to Evans and Stoddart (1990), grouped
provides a view of a field that embraces the paradigm shift that focuses on the health and health care away from the white majority and towards the diverse experiences of racial and ethnic minorities. Of particular the author talks about the complexities of health disparities from preventing chronic conditions in minority population including both domestic and international perspectives. The author further refers to social policy and the role of race and ethnicity in health research, social factors contributing to mortality, longevity and life expectancy, quantitative and demographic analysis and access and utilization of health services. LaVeist’s intended audience is undergraduate and graduate student but a wider audience exists such as community
This essay explores the relationship of socioeconomic impacts on health in Islington Borough and accumulate data about disparities in the provision of health and social care services. I will also examine government methods in the promotion of health and factors and how barriers affect these health promotion campaigns. Health promotion is the procedure of empowering individuals to build control over, and to enhance, their Health. It moves past an emphasis on individual conduct towards an extensive variety of social and environmental interventions. The Ottawa Charter (1986) defines health promotion as the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve their health to reach a state of complete physical, mental and social wellbeing
Before conducting this research I hypothesized that physicians’ experiences could help improve health policy and health law. My hypothesis was based on the fact that physicians have first-hand experience with what is going on in the healthcare system and are the ones that have to carry out health laws and policies. So, by listening to the experiences of physicians, policymakers could gain insight on what is working, not working and what needs to be improved within the healthcare system. The question that this study focused on was what is the hospitalist experience with New York’s Family Health Care Decisions Act (2010) at the University of Rochester Medical Center? In regard to this Act I wanted to see how using hospitalists’ experiences could be used to improve the Act.
These four analytical tools are: public health surveillance, systematic reviews/evidence-based guidelines, economic evaluation, health impact assessment and participatory approaches.2 In order to compare these four analytical tools of EBPH, I would suggest that the four are all important in collecting, analyzing and interpreting data for a specific area of health. In order to do this, each analytical tool has a different path it takes to do so. Public health surveillance involves the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of specific health data, closely integrated with the timely dissemination of these data to those responsible for prevention and controlling disease or injury.2 Systematic reviews and evidence-based guidelines are syntheses of comprehensive collections of information on a particular topic.2 Economic evaluation provides information to help assess the relative value of alternative expenditures on public health programs and policies.2 Health Impact assessment seeks to estimate the probable impact of a policy or intervention in nonhealth sectors. Lastly, participatory approaches actively involves community members in research and intervention projects define issues of concerns, develop strategies for intervention, and evaluate the outcomes.2 Although there are specific duties that each analytical tool focuses on, there improving health, policies, interventions, and so forth are the main subjects of
Public health is the prevention of disease and in the process, promoting health and safety living by the input of the society (Carr et al., 2007). Beaglehole and Bonita (2004) revealed that public health is a group of action that has come together for the same purpose of sustaining the health of a population (cited in Carr et al., 2007). The social determinants of health are not only the cause of illness but also the cause of inequalities (BMA, 2011). The first statement to define health is the (Lalonde, 1994) which states the status of health is not just only affected by biology and services of the healthcare system but also involves the collective behaviour that occurs in a society (Wilson and Mabhala, 2009). This was developed in the Ottawa