Today, more than one out of every 100 Americans is behind bars, and the US has the largest prison population in the world. Prison overcrowding not only affects the economy but it causes issues within the prison as well. According to Angela Davis, “Prison overcrowding leads to several issues such as racial tensions, filth, or stress… which is an obstacle to rehabilitation work, therefore more inmates will come back into prison shortly after their release”.
Besides detainees being directly affected by overcrowded prison, it has an adverse effect on society, due to detainees being victim of recidivism. As agreed by United States Sentencing Commission (2016), “nearly half (49.3%) of such offenders were rearrested within eight years for either a new crime or for some other violation of the condition of their probation or release conditions”. The study additionally states that “almost one-third (31.7%) of the offenders were also reconvicted, and one-quarter (24.6%) of the offenders were reincarcerated over the same study period”. This to imply that society is surrounded by former law-breaker who never got a chance to change their sinful habits. Some of the victim of recidivism, according to United States Sentencing Commission
Introduction Incarceration is a growing problem in the United States. Overall, the prison capacity has increased due to the frequency of custodial punishment, longer sentences, and high recidivism rates, which leaves approximately 60% of the prisons at maximum capacity (Ginn, 2012). This environment presents challenges for security as well as for prison healthcare practitioners. Since security is the major concern in these prison facilities, healthcare is a subsequent interest. However, if competent healthcare is not available to inmates, they don’t have the luxury to find another source to treat their health concerns.
In todays society the increase of violence and crime has lead many people incarcerated causing many prison facility’s to be over crowded. Many prison facility’s are under staff and very low funded to help keep the security, safety, and medical needs of prisoners. According to an article “Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie” by Peter Wagner and Bernadette Rabuy, every year more then 636,000 people leave prison, but there are over 11 million people entering into prison. In addition, many of these crimes that people committed are mostly drug, alcohol related, and non-violate offenses. In order to keep prisons from being over crowded, courts would have people with minor and non-violent offense be released on probation.
One theory that can explain the topic of Mass Incarceration is that people are being sent to jail more and more for a longer period of time. Also, there is an obvious and high rate imprisonment within the community of color. For many years we have been told that the number one reason for increasing rates of incarceration is due to the war on drugs but in recent years we are learning through statistics that it not just drugs. Legislating has passed many new and tougher sentencing laws over the past 35 years. To explain prison growth, in state prisons 90 percent of prisoners only about 17 percent of incarcerated are due to drug offenses.
Research has found that the growth is not caused by more crime but by policies that send inmates to prison for longer periods of time. One of the consequences of this is the increase of older inmates in prisons. Unless dramatic changes come to sentencing and the parole policies the number of older prisoners could soar over 400,000 by 2030 posing a tremendous threat to state and federal budgets. Cost For instance, inmates over 55 are more costly than their younger counter parts because of their increased medical needs and special treatment . It has been said that inmates over 50 spend more than twice as much time at a medical facility and it is also estimated that an elderly inmates suffer from three chronic illnesses The average cost for a prisoner over 50 is 68,000 a year
Life behind bars would be one of the lowest points in life for many Americans, but according to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics, one in one-hundred-and-ten adults are in a correctional facility. These people are putting themselves or others in harm’s way, and rightfully lose some civil rights due to their actions. I would say the majority of society would not want murderers or rapists roaming the streets, but what if someone was convicted of a non-violent marijuana offense? Are they just as much of a danger to society as the prior offenders mentioned? The “war on drugs” is made out to be one of the largest causes of mass incarcerations in the United States, but difficulties within legislation, the prison-industrial complex, and lack of
The main idea that Marc Mauer was discussing during his lecture was about the American prison system needs to be fix. America has the largest prisoner population in a develop country. The main issue is that people of color has a greater chance to be in jail because the environment they were raised in. Some people of higher class have the income to help them not receive any sentences while a person of color may have a greater chance to go to jail due to the lack of access of resources. People who are send to jail they receive a harsh prison sentence because some places have a three strike system.
Due to the judicial policies getting tougher on issues such as drug offenses and what they consider felonies, more and more people are going to prison. As of now, the United States has the highest rate of incarcerations. The inmates themselves are not only the only ones affected; 2.8 million children are left behind in the country after their parents are arrested (The Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children: Needs and Responsive Services). Children of incarcerated parents do not really get the attention they need, leaving them to face many problems alone. These children tend to develop mental illnesses, awkward social skills, and they function very different than a child with a normal home setting.
“Unfortunately, research has consistently shown that time spent in prison does not successfully rehabilitate most inmates, and the majority of criminals return to a life of crime almost immediately (Vaccarello).” The judicial system is set up for humans to recommit crimes because they are not giving the proper rehabilitation while in prison. Rehabilitation can prevent recidivism, helps
However, is incarceration the answer to who society deems a menace, absolutely not. The overrepresentation of men and women of color, and people incarcerated for drug offenses are the effect of some changes that were made in the list forty years. Most of the people who are in prison are in prison for a reason, and that reason is because of sentencing policy. It is worth mentioning the jail and prison is sometimes the answer, however it should not be the answer for some low-level offenders. The recent laws and policy are the reasons why the prison and jail population have increased, and why people stay for longer.
Elderly offenders One of the biggest problem facing the correctional is not the disease all but the population whit elderly offenders are, that the population is increasing and the prisons are not sure how to solve this problem. The most of the elderly have been in prison for most of their lives. And when they are in prison for most of their lives most of them don’t have family members to take care of them or they don’t have any type of education and they have a difficult time in the real world or most of them will end up homeless or death. Most of them come back again to prisons and keep repeating the same cycle Elderly offenders consist about four percent of arrest of the United States and by the time we are in 2020 the percent will increased about 15% and the population will included about people between 65 and older. And almost nine times male that female is arrested and that female elderly the percentage are lower than the male.
Over the years budget crises have forced many states to re-examine budgets, starting with the cost of maintaining their prison and jail systems. The United States has the largest prison population with about two million prisoners. To try and make a plan for the large population and some budget cuts, politicians want to change some of the parole policies and are trying to get some of the criminal laws revised for some drug offenders and white collar criminals. Due to the fact that the politicians are undecided the have put work release programs and strict parole release into effect. Prison is a place for people who break the law should be detained, but if the prisoner has twelve months or less until their release date, and show that they have been
The issue of prison overcrowding has been an increasing in America. There are about 2.2 million Americans in jail or prison. The number of people in prison have gotten so large that about one in every 100 adults are behind bars. The increase in inmate population in the United States is a concern to me because some of these people have committed non-violent crimes or have drug related crimes. These people should be placed in rehabilitation centers or be counseled about drug distributing.
It has more than doubled mainly because of the policy. Today, it costs about $20,000 per year to confine just one physically fit and capable offender, and about three times that cost for an older prisoner in a penitentiary (“Reasons” 1). Considering that California is just one of the fifty states that is required to uphold this law, how much money is really being siphoned annually just to keep so many offenders in jail? The state court systems costs are also rising due to the abundance of felony cases being persecuted. Since the prisons are being over populated, new prisons are being build, funneling more money into the equation.