Pros And Cons Of Pro-Social Disobedience

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One of the most common types of misbehavior adolescent commits is lying. According to DePaulo and Kashy (1996), it is the act of making an intentionally false statement with the intention of decieving other people. It was supported by Gozna, Vrij and Bull (2001) that low-stakes lies are those that do not involve risk, and represent mundane dishonesty that is common- place in social interaction. In contrast, high-stakes lies involve risk in which the liar can gain or lose something of substantial magnitude such as lying about cheating on an exam is considered a high-stakes lie (Gozna 2001). In addition, Merton (1968) another misconduct is disobedience; it becomes prosocial when it is enacted for the sake of the whole society, including all its different levels and groups. Pro-social disobedience promotes social change addressed to everyone. On the contrary, anti-social disobedience is enacted mainly in favor of one’s own group, in order to attain individual rights. Researchers have defined this disobedience as anti-social to stress that, although it may promote a certain social change, it is not directed to society at large and it preserves or reproduces social inequality. Kelman (2006) supported that disobedient behaviour is a condition of autonomy acquired by the individual and as the consequence of perceiving alternatives to the dominant social context. Disobedience ought not to be considered an individual ‘‘heroic’’ act. This was supported by Reicher, Cassidy and

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