For a bacteria to be used as a probiotic involves the screening of fish under study and the surrounding environment. Then the bacteria is tested for its antimicrobial activity against pathogens the effect on larvae and host fish is examined (Kesarcodi-Watson et al. 2008). Most of the preparation of antibiotic is targeted at early developmental stages as they are more susceptible to pathogenic organism. Organisms like Rotifers are used as live food in aqualture.
The phrase “probiotic” originates from a Greek word meaning “for life”. It is basically the live microorganisms which when taken in appropriate amounts gives a beneficial health effect to the host (mostly human beings). The probiotics have been widely used in dairy products, however, their application in the non-dairy foods is yet to be recognized. As per the statements given by The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO), there is enough scientific substantiation to signify that some specific microbial strains are safe for human use and the probiotics provide health benefits. Characteristics of probiotics The specific strains are selected based on the different characteristics
Bacteria are unicellular prokaryotes that lack a nucleus and organelles, but they do have cell walls that contain peptidoglycan. Most bacteria are helpful and beneficial to the environment as well as to many organisms, living in a mutualistic relationship, a close relationship in which, at most, both species will benefit. But a small number of bacteria can be pathogenic, bacteria that cause diseases, therefore harming other organisms. This trend leads to a thought that all bacteria are harmful and are disease-causing, but in many ways, there are a majority of bacteria that proves to be beneficial and that only a small percentage of 1% are hazardous. Some that are favourable are decomposers, bacteria that can break down dead organic material,
Bacteria – the good ones Bacteria are usually associated with sickness and disease. What many people don’t realise is that many strains of bacteria provide health benefits. The digestive tract is one of our most complex and essential organs of the body. For our digestive system to remain functioning well, the body shares a mutualistic relationship with the trillions of microorganisms present. Women’s health Food contains many microorganisms which help the flora in our body to improve our immune system and to convert food into energy.
What are the benefits of probiotics? Probiotics have a lot of benefits to the body especially to your immune system and digestive health. - It improves your digestive health. It keeps your digestive system healthy, making it more efficient by stimulating the digestive process. The human body is known to have more than 1,000 different kinds of bacteria living in the digestive
Antibiotic has successfully stopped or treated infections that can occur in patients who are receiving chemotherapy treatments; who have chronic diseases such as diabetes, end-stage renal disease, or rheumatoid arthritis; or who have had complex surgeries such as organ transplants, joint replacements, or cardiac surgery. Antibiotics have also aided to extend expected life spans by changing the outcome of bacterial infections. Antibiotic
Get A Boost From Probiotics Probiotics are great for boosting digestion, but can also help your immune system to cope better with allergies. Studies have shown that people who ate food containing probiotics or took probiotic supplements had a beneficial effect on their allergy symptoms (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3784923/). It was also found to improve the health of kids with allergic rhinitis (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17597643). While further studies are needed for more conclusive results there is nothing to lose from taking
Furthermore, they have the ability to be transferred among the hosts by a direct contact of the mouth cavities and the exchange of saliva. 1.2. Bacteria and Biofilm formation According to the medical dictionary, a biofilm is a “thin layer of microorganisms adhering to the surface of a structure, which may be organic or inorganic, together with the polymers that they secrete”.  In general, microorganisms like bacteria, have the ability to attach to surfaces by producing extracellular polysaccharides. In this way they form a biofilm which is very resistible to antimicrobial agents such as detergents and medication.
Antibiotic medications have saved many people’s lives. Unfortunately antibiotics are no longer as effective in stopping pathogenic bacteria infection. Currently there is an antibiotic resistance crisis since may bacteria have become or are becoming resistant to all of the antibiotics developed. Instead of researching new antibiotics, which will continue to promote antibiotic resistance, antibiotic stewardship should be promoted specifically dealing with preventing infections, monitoring antibiotic prescription, and developing laboratory tests that provide accurate results faster. Hospitals need to reduce the infections contracted during patients stays in their facilities.
Some bacteria are harmless, some can even be helpful for us for instance the bacteria that exist in our digestive system but there are also bacteria that are harmful to us. To be able to deal with that vast amount of microorganisms and especially the ones that may cause harm to us, a vast variety of antibiotics is needed. Antibiotics is a type of antimicrobial for preventing and treating bacterial infection. The way antibiotics work is by either kill or inhibit the growth or reproduction of the bacteria 9, despite the name, a number antibiotics are also known to be effective against protozoans and fungi. Antibiotics are commonly divided up into different classes, sorted according to their functions, chemical structure and spectrum of activity.