The questions should be broad and loosely structured, following the intent of the research questions. Next, the interview questions are accompanied by a list of possible sources of data. The literature was revisited between interviews to gain a better understanding of new data. Clear conceptualizations assisted in taking definitions into the study, and combined with the other sources of data, comprised the mass of data available to study the phenomenon of interest. Thinking in metaphors, and creating simplistic models and thematic maps were essential activities in data management.
This chapter presents the methodology employed to collect data and achieve the objective of the study. The major components of the methodology are the profile of the study area, research design, research population, sampling method, research instruments and methods for collection and analysis of data. 3.1 Research design Research can also be classified as exploratory, descriptive or explanatory (Stangor, 2007). A research design constitutes the blueprint for fulfilling research and answering questions. It includes an outline of what the researcher will do from writing research questions and their operational implication to the final data analysis.
Two different research methods are there which includes qualitative and quantitative in order to analyse the aim and objectives of the research study. Qualitative research method makes use of exploratory research by understanding the opinions, reasons and motivations related to the study. It involves creation of idea based on which quantitative research is conducted. This research method makes use of content and previous researches in order to elaborate the context of the topic. While on the other hand, quantitative research method makes use of statistical data in order to evaluate the problem.
Chapter 3 Methodology Research Design Different types of research design are selected according to the needs of the research. In this specific study, research used to intend mixed research design because this study is depending upon both quantitative and qualitative data. The means of data collection will be gathered through primary and secondary sources. Research Approach To conduct a research, it is necessary to determine what approach is being implemented as typically scientific investigation involves alternating among induction and deduction. Research approaches are based on the procedures and plans of research that extent the assumptions to detailed methods of interpretation, data collection and analysis.
3.1 Introduction In this chapter the coverage is on the research design and methodology, including sampling, population, establishing rigour during and after data collection, ethical considerations and data analysis. 3.2 Research Strategy This study used quantitative research strategy. According to Newman, quantitative research goes from reviewing and defining directly to developing hypotheses and collecting data. In quantitative analysis, this is called the derivation of hypotheses. “The researcher examines the literature and, based upon this process, he or she derives theoretical expectations, which become the derived hypotheses (Newman, Ridenour, & Ridenour, 1998).
Qualitative Data Analysis Scholars and analysts have numerous strategies for conducting research. Various methods have different advantages and disadvantages that researchers consider before identifying the most appropriate design. While there are multiple ways of implementing research, quantitative and qualitative methods are arguably the most famous strategies for analysis. This webinar concentrates on qualitative data analysis and sheds light on various aspects including the meaning of qualitative data, the meaning of analysis, the most difficult stages of qualitative research, the major characteristics of analysis process, when data analysis should start and end, the major steps in data analysis and the crucial issues that may
3.1 Introduction The major aim of this chapter is to highlight the research methodology that will be used in the study which is basically a qualitative approach. Rose (2005) stated that, methodology can be undertaken as a compass which gives directions to the whole research in other words it can be said to be a set of systematic methods that a researcher uses to apply within a particular discipline. Research methodology is a process of collecting and gathering information as Miller (1979) states in reference to research methodology, as the planned sequence of the process involved in conducting research as the research methodology. 3.2 Research Design This section will highlight the research design, population and sampling technique and data collecting instruments that shall be used in this study. Qualitative research design is used as it will enable the researcher to gather information in a natural setting.
Chapter 3 Research Methodology This chapter shall specify the method of research used. It is composed of research design, research locale, selection of the study, research instrument, data gathering procedure and the analysis of the data. Research design The purpose of the research design is to guarantee that the research problems will be answered clearly. (Monette et al. 2000, p.428) stated that the Qualitative research methods are interpretative and plan to make a depth of understanding.
We were reminded to keep reading and to try to understand the meaning of all the articles given to us. I began to explore the meaning of all the jargon words. I found out that epistemology is the investigation of what distinguishes justified belief from opinion. Ontology on the other hand is the philosophical study of the nature of being, becoming, existence, or reality, as well as the basic categories of being and their relations, whereas reflexivity is the process of examining both oneself as researcher, and the research relationship. Qualitative interviewing on the other hand involves a continuous process of reflection on the research.
ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF QUALITATIVE INTERVIEW IN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH What is qualitative research? Qualitative research is fundamentally exploratory research. It is utilized to pick up a comprehension of basic reasons, assessments, and inspirations. It gives experiences into the issue or creates thoughts or speculations for potential quantitative research. Qualitative Research is additionally used to reveal slants in thought and feelings, and jump further into the issue.