Must be considered as a local anesthetic any substance placed in contact with the nerve fibers, their origins or their endings, is capable of specifically and temporarily suspend their operation. Local anesthesia was discovered in 1880. The early substance used was cocaine. One significant concern with cocaine, however, was its capacity to be addictive. Extracted from the leaves of coca Erythroxylon by Scherzer in 1850, and then synthesized in 1860 by Niemann, cocaine is the first Local Anesthetic discovered.
Marijuana, also known as Cannabis, is derived from the Cannabis plant and is used commonly for either recreational or medical purposes. Marijuana is composed of chemicals such as tetrahydrocannabinol (HTC, and over eighty cannabinoids. Marijuana is acknowledged for providing smokers with a “high” feeling. Since the twentieth century, this illicit drug has been banned across the world. However, over the past few years studies have been conducted on marijuana and the results show that it can actually be helpful in many different areas of society.
According to a 1991 study, nearly 21% of premedical students claimed to have smoked marijuana 10 times or more throughout their undergraduate studies, typically once a month (Schwartz et al.). This same study reports that 9% of doctors admitted to smoking marijuana 10 times or more while in medical school. It is safe to assume that this number has since risen, given the more recent, ubiquitous use of marijuana. Marijuana is legal for recreational use in 8 U.S. states for individuals who are 21 or older, while 30 other states have legalized marijuana strictly for medicinal purposes for individuals who are medical card holders (State Marijuana Laws in 2018 Map, governing.com). According to High Times Magazine, in order to obtain a medical card, in addition to being
In 1619 the Virginia Assembly passed legislation requiring every farmer to grow hemp. Hemp was allowed be exchanged as legal tender in Pennsylvania, Virginia, and Maryland. Domestic production flourished until after the Civil War, when imports and other domestic materials replaced hemp for many purposes. In the late nineteenth century, marijuana became a popular ingredient in many medicinal products and was sold openly in public pharmacies (Dionne 2013). Concern about the rising use of marijuana and research linking its use with crime and other social problems created pressure on the federal government to take action.
Dronabinol contains THC, which is used to treat excessive weight loss in AIDS patient and nausea from chemotherapy. Nabilone is used for the same reasons, however it has a artificial chemical that’s like THC. 8. Forms of Medical Marijuana Most people smoke medical marijuana in pipes or in a joint (paper-rolled cigarettes). You can also take it in pill form, eat it in brownies, or brew it into a drink.
PROS OF MEDICAL MARIJUANA Not too long ago, the United States Congress considered marijuana to have no acceptable medical use and consequent upon this fact, marijuana was placed in Schedule 1 of the Controlled Substances Act. Fast-forward some 48 years later, 29 of the 50 US states and the District of Columbia have legalized the use of marijuana, albeit for medicinal purposes. This is similar trajectory in many countries around the world too. Once considered a harmful substance, research, new science, and irrefutable evidence has proven otherwise, making states and governments adopt its usage in many countries worldwide. Over the years, the proponents of medical marijuana have opined that it can be a safe and potent treatment for epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, glaucoma, HIV/AIDS, and other severe
1. THC is the active ingredient in marijuana Cannabis contains over 480 natural compounds, of which 66 are labeled as cannabinoids. The most recognized cannabinoid is THC — the chemical that gets you high. Because of its psychoactive effect, THC is often referred to as the active ingredient in marijuana. But that doesn’t mean the other cannabinoids aren’t active.
The Weiss talked about the use of opioid and heroin addiction and the deaths related to them. They also included a fact that states, “Medical marijuana have reportedly seen a 25 percent reduction in opioid-related deaths”, which is why Amy and Lou Weiss recommend congress considering legalizing the use of medical marijuana (Weiss). It is unsure of how true their fact might be, but if that is the case maybe legalizing medical marijuana just might be the answer. The bring up of the opioids and heroin was under developed. Why should they bring it up to not go into more detail as to why marijuana is better?
The fight is over how the state and federal laws differ, what the rules for physicians prescribing it would be, and where to get it. For many years research has been done, testing the use of medical marijuana and seeing if it really helps and is really worth it. So far 14 states, including New Mexico have legalized marijuana for medical use. The reason marijuana is still illegal in many states is because even though state laws allow it for medical use, federal law still classifies it as a “schedule I drug” (Hoffman & Weber, 2010). Also there has been no medical use accepted by the FDA.
"While I do believe being tough on crime is a good thing in general, it's the role of the judge to determine it." Mandatory minimum sentences often tie a judge's hands, robbing them of their right to tailor sentences to a specific situation. I suppose tough-on-crime laws “worked" if success is only measured by the increase of prisoner populations. However, one of the unbelievable little details of this new tough-on-crime stance is how differently the federal government views crack cocaine and powder cocaine. I am thankfully not an expert on cocaine or its use, but a cursory Google search tells me that crack cocaine is just powder cocaine mixed with baking soda.
Baron first introduces cannabis with its early frequent use for medicinal purpose. However, driven by political and social factors rather than scientific factors, this plant has shifted its status from legal to illegal during past decades. Still, Baron points out the fact that cannabis used in medicinal field shows its efficiency in treating a multitude of diseases, especially chronic pain disorders including headache. Students in particular should find this article useful for summarizing the early history of marijuana and answering the question how it became illegal. The political movements mentioned provide social perspective to explain the illegal status of cannabis with details.