Nonetheless it is imperative while examining crime to consider various issues which bring up a few significant issues with respect to the way crime is seen in the society. Investigating inquiries, for example, who makes the tenets of society (laws) and why, is imperative as any response to this inquiry is supported by examination on social power, political power, class distinction and the way crime is socially constructed. Social standards and values fluctuate fundamentally crosswise over diverse societies, religions and social orders. Despite the fact that it can be said that when these social norms are upset, the "breaking" of social "principles" can be unlawful, in which case it turns into a demonstration of crime, it is likewise essential to separate in the middle of crime and deviance which both incorporate the violation of social standards (Akçomak and ter Weel,
Through the use of criminal statistics, theories can be formed on the different social groups. For example, a crime statistic such as increasing violent crimes can be used together with existing theories that investigate such behaviors. Using the theories as foundations, the government will be in a better position to know the root of the problem and therefore produce more focused and productive policy measures to curb the issue. Aside from the well-planned and executed policies, the state will be able to implement long-term goals through making future projections. By doing so, use of crime statistics will become more useful since the underlying causes of crime such as illiteracy, unemployment, and poverty are dealt with.
This theory can be used to explain a wide variety of factors, because there are many different pressures that can ensue. Containment theory highlights and illustrates that social pressures exist in our lives, and they can be predisposed upon individuals. As stated in the book “Containment theory attempts to account for social forces that may predispose individual to crime as well as for individual characteristics that may insulate them from or further propel them forward criminality” (Hagan, 2017). The theory also touches on exactly how criminality is or is not produced. Essentially, social pressures exert pushes and pulls on the individual, these pressures interact with containments, and these containments add the element of free will in existing criminality.
That as long as society does not provide support and love the violence will continue in communities without these facilities. Finally, Most notably, they lead to negative emotions such as anger, frustration, depression, and fear and abusive can be a factor and the treatment from others can spike the interest of other concepts (SagePub.com,p1). The things that are implied in the youths everyday life or the events that have happened in front of them as negative cognition. These are the main reason why the crime is violence as other people look at it as labeling the violences to themselves. As well, one being taken care of or by other influences that any individual youth feels appreciated with.
This is because crime is a threat to the society, it violates the people’s private rights of security. In a society, there are various causes of crime and also the rate at crime is committed differs, also offenders differs. We have juvenile who often commit crime. There comes in the ideas of Park and Burgess, Clifford Shaw and Henry McKay created of the Social Disintegration theory in explaining Juvenile delinquency. This theory believes that crime rates are bound to the environment in which they are found.
Other weakness includes criminalization of social policy and unfair stigmatization where for criminalization of social policy which means “funding for social intervention projects becomes dependent on crime prevention outcomes rather than seen as a social good in its own right” (Knepper, 2007 cited by Evans, 2010), where initial aim of social policy focusing on human welfare has been replaced by desire to control crime in areas like housing and education while unfair stigmatization or labelling occurs as a result of focusing on the at risk groups or communities which lead to the problem of stigmatizing participants as delinquent or even condemnation of the entire neighborhood as “being prone to crime and outside normal group behavior” (Evans, 2010,
Two prominent authors are known for their argument of self-control being the primary cause of crime. Gottfredson and Hirschi (1990) assert that self-control is the prominent cause of crime and is also linked to an array of life outcomes and behaviors (see Evans et al. 1997). Their work also suggests that low self-control has societal consequences that shape an individual's ability to succeed in social institutions and to avoid or form social relationships. Like minded criminologists argue that the relationship between crime and social failure is apparent.
To elucidate, a disadvantage of both biological theories of crime and sociological theories of crime is that they both maintain that either biological or environmental factors are the direct cause of criminal behaviour. It appears that these theories argue that genetic factors and environmental factors directly cause criminality when, in fact, these factors simply make individuals more likely to commit crimes, rather than being the direct cause of criminality. If individuals would engage in criminality due to the influence of these factors, then everyone who is influenced by these factors should be committing in crimes; however, this is not the case. Neither the biological perspective nor the sociological perspective address this issue. Moreover, it is impossible to determine the extent to which these factors affect individuals.
Introduction In this essay I will be discussing the social phenomenon crime and how it would go about compromising the safety of the immediate society, the way it is caused along with the effects and how it can be prevented. Crime is referred to as one Harmful act or omission against the public which the State wishes to prevent and which, upon conviction, is punishable by fine, imprisonment, and/or death. http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/crime.html#ixzz3F0ASE400 This issue is very important to discuss because it might happen to anyone at any time. Crime is unpredictable and can cause great damage to the society and even dreadful harm to the person who is on the receiving end of this bitter but yet brutal social factor. People get killed and homes get destroyed.
Hayward argued, “despite considerable success in combating certain forms of economic/acquisitive criminality, much of this Rational Choice Theory inspired Situational Crime Prevention lacks reflexivity.” (Hayward, 2007) Hayward criticizes how Rational Choice Theory emerges from the discipline and behavioural psychology, he believes that Rational Choice Theory may not be the best theory and believes that people should use Cultural Criminology, a theory where crimes are in the context of culture. “Cultural Criminology points to the subjective experiences and highly textured socio-cultural situations behind all crimes.” (Hayward, 2007) Theory’s as to why people commit crime and Situational Crime Prevention practices aren’t as effective as many claim for it to be. Essentially, Hayward believes Rational Choice Theory is not a valid theory and people should use Cultural Criminology, however, Farrell thinks Haywards argument was poorly written and Rational Choice Theory is still the best theory to