AGIOS – THE OTHER SIDE OF THE POSSIBLE Company Overview: Agios is a biopharmaceutical company headquartered in Cambridge, MA, United States of America. It is a coming together of dedicated professionals who are passionately committed to application of their scientific capabilities and leadership in the field of cellular metabolism to confront the problems posed by the cancer. The company’s motto is to help in transforming the lives of cancer patients and patients with rare genetic metabolic disorders which are a subset of orphan genetic metabolic diseases. The company believes it is a pioneer in using cellular metabolism. Cellular metabolism has been a unexploited area in cancer research before a stream of companies led by Agios started foraying
1. Introduction Healthcare is changing dramatically for the better due to advances in research and improved use of information technology. All these advancements in technology for medical treatments has allowed physicians to better diagnose and treat their patients since the beginning of the professional practice of medicine (Akanksha, 2014). The continuous development of technology in the medical field has saved countless lives and has also improved their livelihood. This essay is about the accessibility and affordability of medical treatment on patients.
4 Radioimmunotherapy (radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies) combines monoclonal antibody therapy with radioactive isotopes. In the United States, it has been approved by the FDA for treatment of certain types of refractory lymphoma / relapsed lymphoma.4 Bone marrow transplantation: For patients with very advanced disease, extremely high doses of chemotherapy may be needed. This type of chemotherapy wipes out the body’s entire immune system, including the bone marrow that produces blood cells. So, patients need a bone marrow transplant in order to
First, Genetic engineering ends disease, which is the most conductive thing that helps people, in many ways. Diseases are the major enemy for human. Diseases are often being inherited through generations, these diseases are hard to remove from the bodies or
Throughout the years, there have been immense scientific discoveries made which lead to advancements in Gene Technology. Examples include the advancements that were made in stem cell research. It is considered a controversial topic that causes intense debates even today among different groups and communities. In my opinion, even though stem cell research has lots of advantages including curing incurable diseases and helping infertile men and woman overcome their problems as a student I think it opposes morals and ethics as well as having disadvantages and risks. To begin with, stem cells can be defined as undifferentiated cells which then become dissimilar and develop into more specialized cells.
Human cloning is ethical because it helps in medical field, cures infertility and makes advancement in science. Human cloning helps in medical field. Human cloning can help people to cure diseases whatever there are fatal diseases or deadly diseases. According to McKie (2013), human cloning technologies could be used to treat heart attacks victims by cloning their healthy heart cells and injecting them into areas of the heart that have been damaged. It can
Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a human. The idea of human cloning is becoming a reality and it is no longer mere science fiction. As this idea turns into reality, it is leaving many people horrified, but it’s helping scientists find cures for many diseases. Although human cloning can create a new doorway for scientists, it has dangerous implications to humans and nature. Although human cloning has dangerous implications to humans and nature, adverse opinions exist.
During neuronal development many neurons die to match the number of targets cells that require innervation. Also in adult human billions of cells in the bone marrow and intestine die each day. Apoptosis also occurs during DNA damage and different stresses, if the damage is high enough. This allows organism to get rid of nonfunctioning cells and it prevents the development of cancer by removing cell with potentially cancer-promoting mutations. In apoptosis cells die without bursting or causing inflammation reaction.
The human neural stem calls are genetically modified by the researches to produce cytosine deaminase, a protein that has the ability to transform a nontoxic precursor drug into a cancer cells killing active form. These genetically modified cells are then injected into the brains of stimulated human derived gliomas mice. Results have been found that gene therapy with the precursor drug has shrunk the tumor size by 80 % within two weeks. Through this experiment, it was also found that neural stem cells have the ability to rapidly and precisely situate glioma cells, regardless of the distance of injection of stem cells from the tumor (7). In another experiment conducted using osteoblasts, which are boneforming stem cells, to repair and regenerate bone, researches genetically modified osteoblasts to produce a bone growth factor.
Introduction This report is about cloning and genetic engineering. It aims to raise awareness about cloning and genetic engineering allowing people to understand better about it through the information provided. Organism cloning refers to the procedure of creating a new multicellular organism, genetically identical to another. Cloning also matters because, given the field’s current trajectory, it is part of our shared future. From the food supply to the medicine cabinet, cloning technology is poised to change the way we live.