The alliances created during the cold war meant that the United States and Soviet Russia were economically responsible for their allies and trade was not allowed between enemy countries. Whilst both powers suffered economic loss of military spending, it also meant that allies of the US made huge gains from the superpowers support whilst others suffered. In this way, the Cold War had actually created a unique and split global economy. Furthermore, America had more of a market economy where private individuals made products for consumers to purchase. Market economies are extremely efficient as they encourage people to produce the most or best products at the lowest cost and with the least waste.
However, more specifically, the Central Powers had weak and unreliable Allies such as Austro - Hungary and the Ottoman Empire which both collapsed, leaving Germany isolated. While on the other hand the Allied Forces had powerful allies such as the USA which could contribute greater resources of men and materials. Furthermore, the British had put in place a Naval Blockade prevent the passing of cargo of any ships that attempted to pass through, this was very effective and starved much of Germany’s population. Lastly, Germany’s two front with Russia greatly weakened German forces and had larger repercussions later on. Although these are all important causes, the most factor that
Germany had always been a divided country from the start of the Potstam meeting where that Berlin, the capital of Germany would be divided into four zones of occupation where the Allies (France, Britain and America) would occupy the Western Zones and the Soviets would occupy the Eastern zones. Whilst Russia’s aim was to cripple Germany, the other allies wanted to build it up into a strong country. It was due to this plan of Russia’s to cripple Germany that the Berlin blockade and airlift occurred. After Western Germany began to flourish in terms of economy the USSR decided to close all rail roads, canals and other forms of transport to Western Berlin in order to cripple them and 2.5 million people were cut off from food supplies. The result
The Western Allies quickly realized they couldn’t “kick a dog when its already down”, and that Germany was in desperate need of help.” Therefore, the Allies’ aim was to rebuild Germany’s economy. The Soviet Union disagreed with this plan immensely, and instead, they became busy with setting up Communist dictatorships in their conquered areas, such as the zone of East Germany. This major difference among these powers marked the beginning of the Cold War. The war was not of physical battle but of international diplomacy. Germany now became the prize struggle between enemies.
Several of the clauses of the Treaty were thought to be very harsh. It was going to be almost impossible to pay the reparations. In fact, the German government gave up after only one year, and the War Guilt Clause seemed very unfair. How could Germany be the only country to blame for the war? After all it had started when a Serbian shot an Austrian.
In Lee Sandlin’s spectacular essay, “Losing the War,” he explains that in the context of World War II, the “amnesia effect” of time has lead to a bizarre situation; “the next generation starts to wonder whether the whole thing [war] ever actually happened,” (361). All that seems to be remembered is a reverie; a spectacle of valiance and bravery. The older generation —the ones who were there—simply became the collateral damage. The war, in all its infamy, can never be
The Berlin wall had a lot of causes, the tension was growing, a lot of sabotage, refugees and even though they were no war, people had suffer a lot and they were even casualities. President Kennedy had a strong opinion on the idea of the wall : ‘a wall is a hell of a lot better than a war’. Kennedy tried to be really strict and tied with the idea of communist; he has tried to finance and help the forces in Vietnam and Loas to fight against communist forces. West Germany was living in much better conditions, people were healthy and free; however, East Germany was very poor and with a lot of strict rules, throughout that a lot people became
Due to it’s impact on humanity, it is remembered around the world through memorials, international days of commemoration and presentations. For Germany, the actions of the Holocaust are very personal. Coming to terms with the country’s violent past was suppressed as they struggled to cope with their actions throughout WWII. Until 1990, Germany was separated into East and West Germany and both states could not accept their nations past. After Germany’s reunification, the efforts of individuals to remember the Holocaust has sky-rocketed as most of Berlin’s memorials have been established in the past 25 years.
The formation of global commodity chains exemplifies how globalization interconnects national economies. On the one hand, these chains vastly decreased the prices of numerous products as well as stimulated the economies of several developing countries. On the other hand, they resulted in price wars that pushed suppliers to depress wages and labor conditions for the sake of cost-efficient competitiveness. Divided on how to approach poor labor conditions, a number of scholars expressed opposing views on the imposition of global labor standards as they have various consequences for the poor. While U.S. companies promote labor rights in sweatshop nations, their resolutions are merely public relations strategy and as a result, even something as
Newspapers started getting sold at comparatively cheaper rates among the new rural immigrants. Except for some positive theorists, the others were not pleased with the idea of Industrialization as they thought it destroyed peace and unity. Moreover, they started blaming the Media i.e. the Newspapers, for causing lethal criticism which resulted in political instability and destruction of cultural norms and values. Many people feared these new changes caused by the emerging media because they wanted to maintain old political and social order.