Pros And Cons Of The Enlightenment

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• During the Enlightenment there was a Scientific Revolution • The enlightenment was also called the Age of Reason • The chaos of the Reformation and wars of religion had shaken a belief system that had been accepted by society in the Middle Ages • People began looking for natural law, the conditions that govern human behavior • Thinkers began to believe that the problems of society could be solved through reasoning • One of the first philosophers to search for the natural laws of government was England’s Thomas Hobbes. • He believed that people by nature were bad and needed strong government • He believed that people could avoid the nature of being bad by entering into a social contract • This was an agreement to give up individual freedom to live in an organized society…show more content…
• Jean-Jacques Rousseau was another philosophe and he believed that human beings were born good but were spoiled by society • Society set people against each other and made them unequal and unhappy • The philosophe Denis Diderot did a lot to spread the ideas of the Enlightenment • He created the Encyclopedie which filled 35 volumes • Its articles encouraged freedom of expression, urged education for all, and criticized slavery and religion. • This was one of the greatest accomplishments of the Enlightenment C. The Enlightenment and Society • Enlightenment ideas spread quickly • Many of the philosophes knew each other personally and gathered in homes of the rich who supported the philosophers • They believed in freedom and equality, even for women, but not equal to men • Mary Wollstonecraft of Great Britain protested for equal rights to women • She believed that women could become equal to men through education • Governments and the Roman Catholic Church considered the new ideas a threat • They practiced
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