According to Phelps (2013), as from 1998 to 2007 states that had the greatest increases in incarceration rates failed to observe a corresponding drop in crime rates. On the other hands, states such as New York, Texas, New Jersey and North and South Carolina that lowered their incarceration rates in favor of community corrections programs experienced a drop in crime rates (p.53). Incarceration has also failed in correcting prisoners. Most of the prisoners always go back to committing crimes once released from prison. It has led to a rise in the recidivism rates of prisoners.
Solitary confinement is considered sever psychiatric harm after fifteen days. More than fifty percent of the US prisoners held in solitary confinement are held past this fifteen-day marker. (The Ethics of Solitary Confinement). "More widely, according to federal records, some 80,000 prisoners were held in solitary confinement across the US in 2005 - the last time such information was released by the government" (The Ethics of Solitary Confinement). If our government is withholding the information, there is clearly something amiss.
But they fail to realize that the system we have now throws anyone in jail no matter if the person committed the crime or not. They also fail to realize that the current system sentencing isn't organized or fair because there are people out there innocent and people who don’t deserve that time that was given for petty crimes. The current system doesn’t seek for justice, they see everyone who gets arrested as a criminal and feels they should be thrown away for a very long time and that isn't fair. Sentencing reforming is highly recommended due to the outrageous modern sentencing practices we have today. People go to jail or maybe even prison for such petty crimes that doesn't deserve the many years that were given to them.
Once someone is arrested and sent to prison, most of us think they have done their punishment and learned their lesson. Unfortunately, this is not the case most of the time. Once these inmates are released most of them end up re-offending and going back to prison, this is called recidivism. It looks follows the inmates three years after they are released and sees if they get reoffend and go back to prison with a new sentence. The Bureau of Justice did a survey to see how many offenders went back to prison after they were released.
In creating a balanced system, different types of criminals need to be sentenced to a specific program that fits both the personality of the offender and the crime they committed. “Poorly implemented programs, delivered by untrained personnel, where offenders spend only a minimal amount of time in the program, can hardly be expected to successfully reduce recidivism.” (Mackenzie, p.26) The prisons of the 21st century need to be very different from the unsuccessful prison systems and beliefs of the 20th century. The biggest change in correctional beliefs needs to be that prisons should only house violent criminals. Non-violent criminals are more of a threat to themselves than to society and can be punished using community-based corrections.
After reading this in the novel the quote really shows that if a white man and a black man both commit the same crime almost a certain chance the black man will get accused wrongly first before the white man will ever be. This quote changed the point of view on many characters in To Kill A Mockingbird. It changed the view of Tom Robinson
Crimes are happening around us whether we pay attention to them or not. Those crimes as dangerous as murder are committed by all ages but should younger criminal in their juvenile age received the same punishment as older criminals. On June 25, 2012, the Supreme Court ruled that juveniles committed murder could not be sentenced to life in prison because it violates the Eighth Amendment.(On-Demand Writing Assignment Juvenile Justice) Advocates on the concurring side believes that mandatory life in prison is wrong and should be abolish. However, the dissenting side believe that keeping the there should be a life in prison punishment for juvenile who commit heinous crime regardless of their age.
The Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics say,”These problems can have tragic and costly sequelae, including frequent placement failures, academic difficulties, increased high school dropout rates, and later delinquency.” IV. These problems that adoption laws have, cannot be resolved until our community takes action for the future. Imagine in the future, where you don't have to advertise to get a child a home, and the every adoptive home received a tax break. Adults looking to adopt, and will be more aware of the different options they have to adopt.
From the very beginning, this case has not been carried out in an honest manner, and possesses many faults as can be seen in the evidence provided today. The witness testimony not only lacks medical evidence proving that the crime ever happened in the first place, but also lacks logical argument which will no doubt have made you all feel ambiguity about the case. First of all, it is physically impossible for Tom Robinson to have beaten and raped Ms. Mayella. This is due to the fact that from the sheriff’s and Mr. Ewell’s testament, we know that Miss Mayella was beaten mostly on the right side of her body. Since it is much easier for a left handed person to hit another person on their right, we can reach the conclusion that Miss Mayella was most likely beaten by someone left handed.
It is said that every person is innocent until proven guilty, and not the other way around. It is also said that when officials use profiling, it puts off the wrong message that they are blaming entire communities only because few have committed a crime, like Muslims with terror attacks. These actions go against the constitutional rights given to every American. Racial Profiling“... is inconsistent with America 's core constitutional principles of equality and fairness.” (Nomani and Abbas).
According to one report, FEMA 's projected payout to the DOC for just one day in December 2005 was over $146,000. Thus, there was a major fiscal disincentive for the DOC to release prisoners quickly” (Williams, Bob). Some of this victims of Katrina were in prison for closes to a year. The amount Fema paid in one day to Doc was
It is believed that letting a criminal free from incarceration puts society at risk. Before the reform recidivism rates were high, scaring the public with the idea that criminals can reenter society. When comparing individuals who were sentenced to prison to those in diversion programs, those in diversion programs were more likely to stay out of jail while those who went to jail were more likely to have re-arrests. It was reported that 64% of the treatment sample were arrest-free over a two-year follow up period. Those in the diversion program had recidivism rates as low as 36%; this compares to the group who were given jail time with a recidivism rate of 54% (Parsons, Wei, Henrichson, Drucker, & Trone, 2015).
To address this issue, congress has the position and power to overrule each state’s laws to make it clear that convicted felons should be eligible to vote in all states. The way convicted felons are perceived by others can tend to be unjust and unfair. According to FairVote, “about 5.3 million U.S. citizens that have been convicted of a felony can not vote”.
As a felon, coming out of prison all you know is how to live in prison, many are unsure how to go back into a normal functioning society and move along productively. Restoring, but also limiting their rights is a small way to show them that they are equal to all the others in society and keeps them from feeling like outcasts and the social pariahs that this world makes them out to be. Felons and Ex felons are equal to any other american citizen, their only difference is the ex felons have made mistakes in their past that have negatively affected them and their lives. However, mistakes made from the past should not affect people 's later lives in such a way that it can keep people from the obtaining the most basic of rights, this includes voting. Restoring the voting rights of ex felons would help them learn the value of the justice system and the law to strengthen their participation in average life practices. ”
This can lead to them changing as a person which is what we would want; a changed person to come out of those prison doors and back into society for another chance. Involving higher education in prisons would help stop the revolving door of the ghetto-to- prison that has now helped build America to be in this current time of mass incarceration. It would return these prisoners to our society as more job ready than when they went in and be able to legitimately support their families and be less of a threat to society than before. This wouldn’t always be the case but you would see a drastic change in the number of re-incarcerations.