Vaccine refusal is the intentional rejection of the use of vaccines by an individual, or other individuals by themselves, their guardian, next of kin, or the government. Due to the measurable immense benefits of vaccines, it is the general assumption that their use will be widely supported and publicised, especially by governments of nations that are constantly challenged by one health problem or another. Unfortunately, this is not always the case, and, in fact, in this Twenty-First Century, vaccine refusal is still a major challenge being faced in the administration of vaccines, and in the eradication of infectious diseases. There is no doubt that the use of vaccines is highly advantageous. The eradication of smallpox in the year 1979, is perhaps one of the greatest highlights in vaccinology.
With the demand for vaccines increasing the price per vaccines wouldprobably reduce.There are, however, some arguments that are against mandating vaccines. One of themost common and talked about arguments are the risks associated with vaccineadministration. There have been multiple theories that thimerosal – an organic form ofmercury – present in some flu vaccines for children and adults. This element is said to havebeen the cause of autism. However, this theory has been proved wrong multiple times.
This misconception that vaccines are harmful is yet another major problem that misleads parents into thinking that they should never vaccinate their child. This misconception should not be taken lightly. On December 27, 2000, the Journal of the American Medical Association reported that unvaccinated children were 22.2 times more likely to acquire measles and 5.9 times more likely to acquire pertussis (also known as whooping cough) than vaccinated children (Feikin et al. 3145). In a different article titled, Vaccine Verity, author Damaris Christensen says: If parents' fears over vaccine safety rise, public health officials worry that immunization rates will drop.
This is one of the issues that could evolve if parents do not vaccinate their children. The eradication of the disease we have would have to be repeated over and the treatments may not be available for the next generation. “[A] child is far more likely to be seriously injured by an infectious disease than by a vaccine”, so why not get vaccinated and protect the child now and in the future (Vaccine Safety). Another influential reason to vaccinate children is that the prevention of harmful diseases is greater than the risk of side effects. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Sources, “Vaccinations are only given to children after a long and careful review by scientists, doctors, and health care professionals” (Vaccinations).
Introduction Significance of Vaccinations The significance of vaccinations is the impact on public society. The spread and prevention of disease affect the public’s safety making it a controversial issue. Purpose of Investigation Getting vaccinated is a controversial issue that affects the public’s safety. How do vaccinations affect a society? Disease prevention is sought after in communities, but preventing disease through vaccines is controversial.
A vaccination is just a shot containing the dead or weak germ of the disease. It allows your body to learn what they should fight against. However, the vaccine effects will not make you sick, since it’s not an alive germ. As the disease enters the body, it alarms the your defense system and starts to create antibodies to kill the germ. The vaccine strengthens your immune system, so a disease will never infect you even if you come in contact with someone who has one.
One of the most controversial matters of today is the HPV vaccine. While some individuals view the vaccine as a preventative measure, others view it as the cause of a variety of medical issues, as well as, a free pass to be promiscuous. New York Times’ personal health columnist Jane Brody addresses some of the alleged cons associated with the HPV vaccine in her article “The Underused HPV Vaccine”. Brody’s purpose in writing this article is to inform about the misconceptions about the vaccine and, ultimately, convince the adult readers that it is more beneficial to be vaccinated than harmful. Brody’s appeal to logic, application of ethos, and choice of diction effectively convinces the audience that the HPV vaccine should be utilized to their
The benefits of getting vaccines is much better than the possible side effects of pain, redness, and tenderness at the place of the needle injection. Cases of serious allergic reactions to certain vaccines are very rare, there are no serious side effects (5 Important Reasons). In fact, many people feel that illnesses such as polio and measles, are gone and will no longer be a threat to Americans, because of vaccines. However, there will still be problems in the developing countries. In many cases, for many vaccines, you only have to be vaccinated once, they are painless and last for life (9 Major).
But right now one size fits all for everybody is not working”(The doctors,2008). Julia states that “vaccination is a medical procedure that should have questions prier to getting a vaccination.”(The doctors.2008). On the other hand, Dr.Jim Sears argues that Vaccination can be related to Autism, but its not the main factor, there are many other factors that cause Autism, where these factors are unknown. Dr.Sears states that “many children get this disease without getting vaccinated”(The Doctors.2008). In his statement Dr.Sears states that preventing child vaccination won’t protect your child from getting diagnosed with
Their assertion that autism spectrum disorder stems from vaccines is contradicted by their main advocate, AJ Wakefield, and his work has been redacted and condemned by the science and health community. It is more reasonable to interject that mitochondrial disease plays a greater factor in spurring autism spectrum disorder than that of vaccines based upon these and other scientific research that has been
Vaccinations have been promoted since 1781, vaccinations are injected for Americans to maintain a healthy life and not become ill due to disease caused from measles, mumps, polio and several other diseases. However, there are those that do not agree with getting their children vaccinated due to religious beliefs and there are some people believe vaccinations can cause birth defects. Although, those are their beliefs; however there are those that enter our nation without being vaccinated and it is ultimately putting our children at risk for contracting various diseases, for example the Disneyland measles outbreak of 2014. The United States have been promoting vaccines since 1781, when Cotton Mather, a Puritan minister, encouraged smallpox vaccination. In 1796 an English physician and scientist named Edward Jenner created the first smallpox vaccine he called it the cowpox vaccination he then used it on an eight-year-old boy.
The increase in the number of diseases in America is becoming problematic due to religious reasoning to not receive vaccinations. This is creating a problem in society because there are some that are not being treated for these diseases and since they aren 't being treated for it, they put others at a large risk of getting the diseases. The parents that choose to not have their child/children vaccination are making it unfair to their child and other children. If someone isn 't vaccinated then they are putting all in society at risk since they aren 't vaccinated. There has been a large increase in the number of cases of measles from 2010-2017.
This means that scientists had to produce a large quantity of the drug for it to be effective in a large, semi long-term setting. This problem also directly relates to the problem of not having enough of the mold. If scientists needed to make more penicillin, but they didn’t have enough mold, then they wouldn’t be able to make enough medicine to help all of the sick or dying people. Despite this problem however, there was a beneficial impact from it. While trying to figure out a way to make the penicillin last longer or remain in the blood stream for a longer time, scientists made a huge discovery that would help them in their goal of creating enough penicillin for a multitude of people.
There recently have been a lot of talks about whether vaccines should be required or not. There has been little study on why vaccines could be harmful, but there have been many studies on why vaccines should be necessary. First off, vaccines prevent many communicable diseases. Second, the vaccines prevent most diseases from spreading to the people around you. Third, vaccines are required in many states to be able to participate in public schools, colleges, or even camps.
This in turn puts their children at risk and the lives of others also. “Too many vaccines can overwhelm the immune system” (Horton, 2010). As stated earlier, the CDC’s requirements would not allow vaccines to be used if that was a possibility. The amount of tests required virtually eliminates any possibilities that this could happen “A ‘holistic’ lifestyle will bolster our immune systems and protect us from disease” (Horton, 2010). Although this can help it is not a fool proof solution.