Pros And Cons: The Control Of Offenders

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(Garland , 2001) argues that up until the 1970’s penal welfarism controlled policy makers, it became the most significant ideology amongst specialists and academics. The welfarists’ principles utilised were “Assist, Advise and Befriend” offenders were regarded as “unfortunate”. However this type of system (Garland , 2001, p. 141)suggests that this type of justice policy is bifurcated by an adaptive approach typified by community partnerships and sovereign state strategy that stresses coercive control of offenders. This divide according to Garland developed when high crime rates became normal and rehabilitative ideals fell out of favour and the mantra nothing works mantra echoed around political venues. Punitive welfare failed to protect the
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