Malaysia has worked with UNICEF since 1954 and has seen vast improvements in its efforts and success rates in upholding children’s rights in this small country. Malaysia acceded to the Convention on the rights of the Child (CRC) in 1995 and introduced the Child Act in 2001. There has been notable progress achieved in providing education and primary healthcare for children. However, there are still some prevalent issues that has not been addressed and still poses a challenge for Malaysia in delivering her promise to the children in Malaysia. One of the pressing issues that Malaysia faces, and often goes unnoticed is the unforeseen consequences of having a large number of undocumented children.
For instance, taking the case of Sourav Ganguly v. Tata Tea ltd. wherein the court ruled in favour of Sourav by accepting that his fame and popularity is his intellectual property and a Tata Tea Ltd has no right to trade on his popularity. The court extensively analyzed the concept of personality merchandising in the case of D.M. Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. Vs. Baby Gift House and Ors CS(OS) 893/2002.
THE JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE AND PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) ACT, 2000 THE JUVENILE JUSTICE (CARE AND PROTECTION OF CHILDREN) ACT, 2000 The Children Act, 1960 had provided protection against exploitation of child employees, making the offence punishable with fine . The Juvenile Justice Act, 1986, which repealed the Children Act, made the penal provision more stringent by providing for imposition of fine and imprisonment . Apparently, the provision was not enforced either in the Children Act or the Juvenile Justice Act which took its place . The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2000 which replaced the Juvenile Justice Act, 1986 retained the provision but has diluted it by limiting it to cases of ‘hazardous employment’. Procuring of a juvenile or a child for the purposes of hazardous employment, keeping the child in bondage and withholding and / or using the earnings shall be punishable under the Act .
Human trafficking violates the fundamental human rights of children all over the world. In a global study by the United Nations identified that trafficked individuals originated from 106 countries and are over 17,000 victims; which 28% of them were children with girls outnumbering the boys by a percentage of 2.5. Also, according to the United States federal law which states that “sex trafficking involves the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, obtaining, soliciting or patronizing of a person for purpose of a commercial sex act using force, fraud, or coercion, or involving a child less than 18 years of age; and including using a minor to produce child sexual exploitation materials such as pornography, using a child in a sex-oriented business like exotic dancing and strip club, soliciting a child for commercial
Due to the increasing viewership and demand of such content people now force children to engage in sexual act so it can be filmed and sold. Due to this sexual abuse with children is increasing rapidly as they fall a victim to hideous desires of the viewers of such content. Furthermore the book also claims that Internet has offered pornographers, leaders of child prostitution rings, and others who commit crimes against children a new means of preying on victims. This book investigates this type of child maltreatment from medical, forensic, and legal perspectives. Using a multidisciplinary approach, the book examines all of the medical implications for victims, and case studies provide insight into the lives of these “children of the night.” It includes Information on how perpetrators of these crimes operate, as well as guidelines for successful prosecution and strategies for
Cybercrime acts in Malaysia should be strengthen Recently, internet has become the most significant technology around the world. Despite being a helpful device for all users, some of the irresponsible users are taking advantage with internet by using it in a bad way. Modern technology has set the track for criminals, as they can act fast and get immediate satisfaction for their crime. Malaysian government has already creating cybercrime acts to overcome these problems. However, the rate of cybercrimes in Malaysia are rising every year.
Child marriage in Bangladesh: Gross violation of human rights 1. Introduction: Marriage is a solemn event of a human life as it is the recognized form of family union in a country like Bangladesh. However, this solemn event may not be same for all, particularly when it is about child marriage of a girl. Marriage is seen as providing social and economic security for women in Bangladesh (Altschuller, 2003) According to United Nations Children’s agency (UNICEF), Bangladesh has the fourth highest rate of child marriage in the world . Indeed, it has the highest rate of child marriage in the South Asia (52%), followed by India (47%), Nepal (37%) and Afghanistan (33%).
However, for the copyright work such as cinematographic, photographic works or the works created by a company or an organization, the term is the 50 years after the first publication. In Malaysia, this copyright protection is governed by the Copyright Act 1987 which protect for the copyrightable works comprehensively. The Act gives an outline on the nature of works that qualified for copyright (which includes computer software), the scope of protection, and the manner in which the protection is accorded. There is no such a system of registration for copyright in Malaysia. Upon the creation of certain work, it exists
Moreover, there have been reports of a comprehensive juvenile delinquency act being under draft in order to provide for a non-violent method into addressing the issue juvenile offenders; however, the passage of such act remains unverified. UAE is aware of the violent conditions that surround detained children, including sexual exploitation, trafficking, interrogations in the absence of legal guardians, etc. The UAE Constitution primarily addresses the issue of child exploitation as it “provides that society shall be responsible for protecting childhood and motherhood, and shall protect minors and others unable to look after themselves” (Article 16). However, with the rise of terrorist activities in the surrounding region, the nation is compelled to put any suspected collaborators into legal custody, regardless of their age, gender, religion,