Pros And Cons Of Syllabuses

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Lesson plans, syllabuses and curriculums are indispensable elements of every language teachers to have an exact plan of what will happen in the lesson or during the term. Each of them are equally significant yet the focus of this paper will be mainly on syllabus. (i.e. design, types and pros/cons). First of all, it is necessary to give a definition of syllabus. As it was specified by McDonough, Shaw and Masuhara, syllabus is ‘’…Overall organising principle for what is to be taught and learned.’’ (2013). In other words, it is possible to analyse it both from the teachers’ point of view and the students’ roles. In an attempt to grasp the significance of the syllabuses, it is beneficial to divide it as product-oriented and process-oriented syllabuses.…show more content…
First of all, they are very helpful if the teacher wants the students become proficient in a specific language type exclusively. For example, the primary skill might be writing for those who want to pass the proficiency exam to apply for a job. Because of the fact the needs of the language users are clearly specified, it is also easy for the teacher to arrange required teaching materials. As a possible negative reflection of this syllabus type can be focusing on a specific skill and topic by neglecting the others. That’s why the teacher should be careful when s/he wants to implement…show more content…
The point at this point is that who will choose the topic/theme for the lessons because unsuitable topics can be boring for some of the students. Moreover, all of the activities and language items will be shaped around the theme, so the selection of an appropriate topic is the most significant part. It is very beneficial for those who learn in context rather than rote memorisation or mechanical grammar learning. At least, the students may remember the topic if they don’t exactly remember the focused skill of the lesson. In addition, as stated by Soori and Ghaderi (2015), it suits the principles of the Whole Language Approach, which proposes the combination of language skills at a time. A potential drawback of such lessons might be that there cannot be an appropriate skill around the chosen topic or while some students enjoying the lesson, the others might not be interested in it at all. Therefore, the teacher should do need analysis before designing a
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