Africa has a relatively equitable and secure distribution of land, making it more like Asia than Latin America and increasing the chances that improvements in farm technology will help the poor, if Africa were to put greater resources into farm technology, irrigation, and rural roads, small farmers would benefit” (614). Long sentences, as seen above tend to be detailed. He successfully proposed that Africa has a grand distribution of land but he didn’t stop there. He continued to expound on that thought by offering the importance of that land in the same sentence. This elongated sentence reduces the possibility of questions arising from his statement about Africa having “relatively equitable “land.
Although his ultimate vision is to see local economies and communities flourish, using the food industry as an analogy makes the possibility of survival in smaller communities seem much more plausible. Although McKibben’s sample size for his year of eating locally was a family of one, it demonstrated that surviving on local economies, on local food, is more than possible. It must be noted that this change would not just benefit the environment, but, for McKibben, restructuring society into smaller, local communities may be necessary for humanity’s survival (McKibben 227). McKibben’s focus on the ever-growing popularity of industrial agriculture helps to demonstrate the dangers of the “efficient” mindset society as been obsessed with since World War II. For McKibben the goals of constant growth have been warped and corrupted, and has damaged the environment and society as a whole.
Including farmer loans and forest conservation programs. When customers buy coffee, farmers can have a better future and more stable climate for the planet, and it helps create a long-term supply of the high-quality beans. Since, Starbuck paid a premium price to purchase farmers coffee beans, it is ensured fair transaction and safeguard farmer benefit. Regarding the principles for ethical sourcing, Conservation International has formulated a buying guidelines to address the issues. Called Coffee and Farmer Equity (C.A.F.E.)
All of those aspects had some sort of impact on farmers of the late 1800’s. Since the evaluations is of the effectiveness of how garland depicts the impact economics had on farmers, these certain aspects would need to be present. If they are present then it would mean that is was an effective portrayal. Hamlin Garland effectively portrays the impact economics had on farmers, both emotionally and physically, in the short stories “Up the Coolly,” and “Under the Lion’s Paw” that depicted low income, high mortgages, and unfair trade; he does this in order to create propaganda for his populist party beliefs, which wanted to improve the lifestyles of agrarian
The goal of the fair trade is to fight the poverty, in this case, poverty and hunger are two main problems in Guatelama especially in some rural communities. So, fair trade expects to fill the gap of environmental injustice that has been arise there. Sarah Lyon argue, “beyond these economics benefits, fairtrade market-access helps ensure the land security of cooperative members and enables them to educate more of their children for a longer periods of time”. But along the process to make their life prosperous, fair trade also excogitate the farmers in a system where they are utterly relying on the regularity and they become powerless. In theory, consumers support local goods, in this case, coffee with the fair trade labelled on it.
The Fair Trade movement, which materialized in the 1960s, acts to improve the livelihoods of producers in developing countries. It meets this objective by addressing the structural inequalities characteristic of North-South relations. It ensures producers a price greater than the world market price, and further safeguards against market instability (Friedman 2010). Emanating from fair trade efforts is what could be defined as the ethical trade movement. Similar to fair trade, its focus is directed toward improving the living standards of developing nation’s producers.
However, the question as to how beneficial the Agricultural Revolution was to humanity remains. Some people argue that the Agricultural Revolution offered and illusion of lavish life, but at more cost than benefit. For example, Friedrich Engels, co founder of Marxism, believed agriculture the direct cause for a loss of political innocence (Noble or Savage 2). Others argue that agricultural came as a great success for the survival of the human race, and believe it to be crucially beneficial to the development of humanity. Both arguments have their flaws and strengths, however, evidence suggests that the Agricultural Revolution benefited humanity from the perspective of a larger group, but came as a deficit to humanity from the perspective of the individual human.
It also allows for the exploitation of laborers due to the lack of competition among different producers for wages and working conditions. The Grapes of Wrath showed the early effects of such monopolies and both farmers and laborers socially and economically, and, in a way, it could be considered a warning against allowing such circumstances to develop. Whatever the intent of the book during time, important messages can be drawn from it concerning the agriculture of the United States, and the change from families working together to corporations ruling the
If a community were to implement the locavore movement, it would better the economy and enhance the nutrition and health. Bringing the locavore movement into a community can bring along with it a better economic situation. Instead of going to the nearest Walmart where your “money leaves the community at every transaction”, spending your money at local farmers markets will allow for the profits to be kept inside the of the community (Source A). Allowing more profits to be flooded into a community will benefit small farms, creating more local jobs which will enable the economy to grow and prosper. According to the