In particular, planning an act of terrorism typically involves remote communication among several parties. I teps may also be taken via the Internet to identify a potential target of an attack and the most effective means of achieving the terrorist purpose. These preparatory steps may range from obtaining instructions on recommended methods of attack to collecting open-source and other information regarding a proposed target. IIThe most basic function of the Internet is to facilitate communication. Terrorists have become increasingly sophisticated at exploiting communications technologies for anonymous communication related to the planning of terrorist acts.
3) Digital media breach results in loss of revenue, by criminal sharing information illegally. Examples include sharing of illegal music, movies and other licensed digital information resulting in loss of potential revenue. 4) Cyber terrorism crimes target a country's critical infrastructure via cyberspace. Examples include, attack on the national infrastructure such as electricity grid, electricity and water, delivery system, air traffic controls that depend on communications and network
The Spyeye banking malware continues to plague computers across the world and is proving to be a difficult foe to detect and remove from infected Windows PCs. Athena is a stable DDoS botnet coded in C++ which is perfect for infecting and herding windows machines. This botnet has advanced DDoS tactics that will take down web servers, gaming servers, VoIP servers and home connections
Hacking is one of the most common and famous devastating practices that may harm the confidential information, stored or processed on internet. On the other hand, hacking is also referred as an activity of transforming or modifying the software or hardware of computer, in order to damage
Sdbot is a worm that provides a remote attacker full access on the victim’s computer. It uses an IRC (Internet Relay Chat) protocol to establish a connection. Sdbot can spread via spam email messages; network shared drives or downloaded by another on to the computer. Backdoor function of this worm gives the attacker full access on your files. It also registers vital information from your PC such as user name and password.
Cyber security involves preventative methods which are used to protect information from being stolen or attacked. Computer crime or cyber attack has become a widespread problem since the evolution of Information Systems. Cyber attack is a crime that involves a computer and a network. Cyber crime or a cyber attack is an attack where a person uses a computer to commit an illegal act. Cyber attack is a current emerging issue to all the sectors around the world.
Scareware. It is a form of malicious software that uses social engineering to cause shock, anxiety or the perception of a threat in order to manipulate users into buying unwanted software. It is a part of a class of malicious software that includes rogue security software. Some forms of Spyware and Adware also use Scareware tactics. A frequent tactics used by criminals involves convincing users that a virus has infected their computer, than suggesting that they download (and pay for) fake antivirus software to remove it.
“Malware” is a term that can be used for any software that gets installed and activated on our device and performs unwanted actions and tasks. It often does so for the benefit of the third party. Malware programs can range from being simple annoying programs like adwares (pop up advertisements) to cause serious damage or invasion on one’s system. The damage can be unmentionable as it can cause various threats like stealing passwords and data or infecting other machines that network with the infected device. Majority of the malware programs are developed with an intention of data theft.
Internet as one of the most significant inventions in the 21st century broads our horizon, connects the world together and completely rewrites the human history. However as every other technology, Internet has its own limitation which is its anonymity. As Internet and computer have taken over more and more operations, devious people began to utilize internet to commit crimes or even planning terrorist attack. Argomaniz (2014) claimed that terrorists might take advantages of the information technology to destroy the operation system of electricity, public transportation and etc. which could lead to physical damages and civilian casualties.
Cyber-attacks are attacks on a target system carried about by different people and may not be associated with a terrorist group. They may be trying to steal information or corrupt data. There are many ways to carry out cyber-attacks such as malware, botnets, viruses, denial of service (DoS) accounts and many other types of attacks. Cybersecurity is also known as information security which applies to devices such as computers, laptops, mobile devices, networks, and including the internet to include preventing unauthorized access, modify, or destroying data. Department of Homeland Security plays roles in securing the federal government and helping to secure a cyber-ecosystem by helping with investigations and arrest of cyber criminals, releasing cyber alerts about threats, and educate the public and stay safe online.
In both instances there are enemies that have the capability to infiltrate a populace and use intelligence collection techniques in order to attack their targets. The basic definition of terrorism is the use of violence to further political or ideological ideals. Extremists from the West use attacks to achieve their goals of reestablishing caliphate in hopes of spreading their rule throughout the world. In the case of terror networks opposed to the traditional threat seen in the counterintelligence realm, the terror networks are harder to detect due to more compartmentalization in their network ties. But how can counterintelligence operations assist in these necessary counter-terror operations?
A company’s database can be attacked from outside using so many methods hence information protection should take precedent in all decision making. Companies should take pride in making sure its database is protected from external breaches at all costs, otherwise the cost of tracking a breach is more expensive. Firstly, hacker are examples of a company been breached from outside, a hacker is a computer programmer who can at any given time combine his/her intelligence, curiosity, knowledge, creativity and smartness to do something as stupid as hacking for the fun of it or for ransom. Hackers meet their objectives by passing or interfering with the company’s computer’s security, software or database. Secondly, cyber-mercenaries can also temper with a company’s database, these are professional security people who normally work with criminals.
The counterterrorism tools are used to gravity the terrorist networks by social media; mobile money transfers, Apple-FBI and they use online criminal activities such as unlawful access to a computer system such as hacking. Also one of the most valid tools is evaluated by data
When accessing this information, the black hat hackers also sell this information to other hackers/ criminals, which are then used on blackmailing the organisation for money. Black hat hackers can also include planting a keystroke of monitoring the programme of being able to steal data from the organisation or launching attacks to disable access to
You should rather install a reputable password manager to remember your passwords. 4. Don’t use the same password for all your online accounts. It is risky. Online criminals and hackers could potentially gain access to all your accounts if they figure out such password.